Opel Insignia (2019 year). Manual - part 18

 

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Opel Insignia (2019 year). Manual - part 18

 

 

278

Vehicle care

Vehicles without spare wheel

The screwdriver and the towing eye

are located in a box below the floor

cover in the load compartment.
Tyre repair kit 3 284.

Vehicles with audio speaker system

The screwdriver and the towing eye

are located below the floor cover in

the load compartment, beside the

round speaker system component.
Tyre repair kit 3 284.

Wheels and tyres

Tyre condition, wheel condition

Drive over edges slowly and at right

angles if possible. Driving over sharp

edges can cause tyre and wheel

damage. Do not trap tyres on the kerb

when parking.
Regularly check the wheels for

damage. Seek the assistance of a

workshop in the event of damage or

unusual wear.

Winter tyres

Winter tyres improve driving safety at

temperatures below 7 °C and should

therefore be fitted on all wheels.
In accordance with country-specific

regulations, affix the speed sticker in

the driver's field of view.
All tyre sizes are permitted as winter

tyres 3 319.

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Vehicle care

279

GSi with Michelin Pilot Super Sport or

Pilot Sport 4 S tyres

This model is factory-fitted with high

performance sports tyres, which have

a reduced performance at low

temperature.

9 Danger

Use winter tyres at temperatures

below 0 °C, otherwise damage of

the high performance sports tyres

is possible.

Tyre designations

E.g. 215/60 R 16 95 V
215 : tyre width, mm

60 : cross-section ratio (tyre height

to tyre width), %

R

: belt type: Radial

RF : type: RunFlat

16 : wheel diameter, inches

95 : load index e.g. 95 is equivalent

to 690 kg

V

: speed code letter

Speed code letter:
Q : up to 160 km/h

S : up to 180 km/h

T : up to 190 km/h

H : up to 210 km/h

V : up to 240 km/h

W : up to 270 km/h
Choose a tyre appropriate for the

maximum speed of your vehicle.
The maximum speed is achievable at

kerb weight with driver (75 kg) plus

125 kg payload. Optional equipment

could reduce the maximum speed of

the vehicle.
Performance 3 311.

Directional tyres

Directional tyres should be mounted

so that they rotate in the correct

direction. The proper rotation

direction is indicated by a symbol

(e.g. an arrow) on the sidewall.

Tyre pressure

Check the pressure of cold tyres at

least every 14 days and before any

long journey. Do not forget the spare

wheel. This also applies to vehicles

with tyre pressure monitoring system.

Tyre pressure 3 319.
The tyre pressure information label

on the left door frame indicates the

original equipment tyres and the

correspondent tyre pressures.
The tyre pressure data refers to cold

tyres. It applies to summer and winter

tyres.
Always inflate the spare tyre to the

pressure specified for full load.
The ECO tyre pressure serves to

achieve the smallest amount of fuel

consumption possible.
Make sure tyre loading setting

matches the current tyre pressure.

Tyre loading 3 280.

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280

Vehicle care

Incorrect tyre pressures will impair

safety, vehicle handling, comfort and

fuel economy and will increase tyre

wear.
Tyre pressures differ depending on

various options. For the correct tyre

pressure value, follow the procedure

below:

1. Identify drive axle and body style.
2. Identify the engine identifier code.

Engine data 3 309.

3. Identify the respective tyre.

The tyre pressure tables show all

possible tyre combinations 3 319.
For the tyres approved for your

vehicle, refer to the EEC Certificate of

Conformity provided with your vehicle

or other national registration

documents.
The driver is responsible for correct

adjustment of tyre pressure.

9 Warning

If the pressure is too low, this can

result in considerable tyre warm-

up and internal damage, leading to

tread separation and even to tyre

blow-out at high speeds.

9 Warning

For specific tyres the

recommended tyre pressure as

shown in the tyre pressure table

may exceed the maximum tyre

pressure as indicated on the tyre.

Never exceed the maximum tyre

pressure as indicated on the tyre.

After adjusting tyre pressure, select

the according tyre loading setting on

the page Tyre load in the Driver

Information Centre, 3 112.

Temperature dependency

The tyre pressure depends on the

temperature of the tyre. During

driving, tyre temperature and

pressure increase. Tyre pressure

values provided on the tyre

information label and tyre pressure

chart are valid for cold tyres, which

means at 20 °C.
The pressure increases by nearly

10 kPa for a 10 °C temperature

increase. This must be considered

when warm tyres are checked.
The tyre pressure value displayed in

the Driver Information Centre shows

the real tyre pressure. A cooled down

tyre will show a decreased value,

which does not indicate an air leak.

Tyre pressure monitoring

system

The tyre pressure monitoring system

checks the pressure of all four wheels

once a minute when vehicle speed

exceeds a certain limit.

Caution

Tyre pressure monitoring system

warns just about low tyre pressure

condition and does not replace

regular tyre maintenance by the

driver.

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Vehicle care

281

All wheels must be equipped with

pressure sensors and the tyres must

have the prescribed pressure.

Note

In countries where the tyre pressure

monitoring system is legally

required, the use of wheels without

pressure sensors will invalidate the

vehicle operating permit.

Select the Tyre pressure monitoring

page under the Info Menu in the

Driver Information Centre 3 112.

System status and pressure warnings

are displayed by a message

indicating the corresponding tyre in

the Driver Information Centre.

The system considers the tyre

temperature and the tyre loading

setting for the warnings.
Tyre loading setting, see below in this

chapter.
Temperature dependency 3 279.
Baselevel display: If the pressure of a

tyre decreases significantly, the

respective tyre pressure value is

displayed inverted.
Midlevel and uplevel display: Tyre

pressure values in normal range are

shown in green letters. If the pressure

of a tyre decreases significantly, the

respective value will turn its colour to

amber.

A detected low tyre pressure

condition is indicated by the control

indicator w 3 109.

If w illuminates, stop as soon as

possible and inflate the tyres as

recommended 3 319.
Ensure that vehicle loading status

matches selected tyre pressure.

Vehicle loading status, see below in

this chapter.
After inflating, some driving may be

required to update the tyre pressure

values in the Driver Information

Centre. During this time w may

continue to illuminate.
If w illuminates at lower temperatures

and extinguishes after some driving,

this could be an indicator for

approaching a low tyre pressure

condition. Check tyre pressure.
Vehicle messages 3 123.
Only mount wheels with pressure

sensors, otherwise the tyre pressure

will not be displayed and w

illuminates continuously.
A spare wheel or temporary spare

wheel is not equipped with pressure

sensors. The tyre pressure

monitoring system is not operational

for these wheels. Control indicator w

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282

Vehicle care

illuminates. For the further three

wheels the system remains

operational.
The use of commercially available

liquid tyre repair kits can impair the

function of the system. Factory-

approved repair kits can be used.
Operating electronic devices or being

close to facilities using similar wave

frequencies could disrupt the tyre

pressure monitoring system.
Each time the tyres are replaced tyre

pressure monitoring system sensors

must be dismounted and serviced.

For the screwed sensor replace valve

core and sealing ring, for clipped

sensor replace complete valve stem.
Use only original plastic valve caps to

protect valve on any damage.

Caution

Do not use metal valve caps as

they lead to valve oxidation and

damage.

Vehicle loading status

Adjust tyre pressure to load condition

according tyre information label or

tyre pressure chart 3 319, and select

the appropriate setting in the Tyre

loading page under the Settings

menu in the Driver Information Centre

3

 112. This setting determines the

reference pressures for the tyre

pressure warnings.
Depending on the display, the menu

Tyre loading only appears if the

vehicle is at a standstill and the

parking brake is applied. On vehicles

with automatic transmission the

selector lever must be in P.

Select:

● Light for comfort pressure up to

3 people.

● Eco for Eco pressure up to

3 people.

● Max for full loading.

Auto learn function

After changing wheels or wheel

positions the vehicle must be

stationary for approx. 20 minutes,

before the system recalculates. The

following relearn process takes up to

10 minutes of driving in a speed range

of 40 to 100 km/h. Avoid to drive

outside of this range for a longer time.

If possible, use a country road or

similar which allows continuous

driving. During relearn process $

can be displayed or pressure values

can swap in the Driver Information

Centre.
If problems occur during the relearn

process, a failure message is

displayed in the Driver Information

Centre. w will flash for 60 seconds

and then illuminate continuously.

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Vehicle care

283

If this happens, repeat learning

process. Keep your vehicle stationary

for approx. 20 minutes and then drive

again for 10 minutes as described

above.

Tread depth

Check tread depth at regular

intervals.
Tyres should be replaced for safety

reasons at a tread depth of 2-3 mm

(4 mm for winter tyres).
For safety reasons, it is

recommended that the tread depth of

the tyres on one axle should not vary

by more than 2 mm.

The legally permissible minimum

tread depth (1.6 mm) has been

reached when the tread has worn

down as far as one of the tread wear

indicators (TWI). Their position is

indicated by markings on the

sidewall.
If there is more wear at the front than

the rear, swap round front wheels and

rear wheels periodically. Ensure that

the direction of rotation of the wheels

remains the same.
Tyres age, even if they are not used.

We recommend tyre replacement

every 6 years.

Changing tyre and wheel

size

If tyres of a different size than those

fitted at the factory are used, it may be

necessary to reprogramme the

nominal tyre pressure and make

other vehicle modifications.
After converting to a different tyre

size, have the label with tyre

pressures replaced and the tyre

pressure monitoring system

reinitialised. 3 280

9

Warning

The use of unsuitable tyres or

wheels may lead to accidents and

will invalidate the vehicle

operating permit.

Wheel covers

Wheel covers and tyres that are

factory approved for the respective

vehicle and comply with all of the

relevant wheel and tyre combination

requirements must be used.
If the wheel covers and tyres used are

not factory approved, the tyres must

not have a rim protection ridge.
Wheel covers must not impair brake

cooling.

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284

Vehicle care

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheel

covers could lead to sudden

pressure loss and thereby

accidents.

Vehicles with steel wheels: When

using locking wheel nuts, do not

attach wheel covers.

Tyre chains

Tyre chains are only permitted on the

front wheels.

Always use fine mesh chains that add

no more than 10 mm to the tyre tread

and the inboard sides (including chain

lock).

9 Warning

Damage may lead to tyre blowout.

Tyre chains are only permitted on

tyres of size 215/60 R16, 215/55 R17,

225/55 R17 and 235/45 R18.
Temporary spare wheel
The use of tyre chains is not permitted

on the temporary spare wheel.

Tyre repair kit

Minor damage to the tyre tread can be

repaired with the tyre repair kit.
Do not remove foreign bodies from

the tyres.
Tyre damage exceeding 4 mm or that

is at tyre's side wall cannot be

repaired with the tyre repair kit.

9 Warning

Do not drive faster than 80 km/h.
Do not use for a lengthy period.
Steering and handling may be

affected.

Two types of tyre repair kit are

available:

● Type 1 indicated by the on/off

switch at the top of the

compressor.

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Vehicle care

285

● Type 2 indicated by the on/off

switch at the side of the

compressor.

If vehicle has a flat tyre:
Apply the parking brake and engage

first gear, reverse gear or P.

On vehicles with audio speaker

system, the tyre repair kit is stowed

together with the tools.

On other versions, the tyre repair kit

is stored in a bag.
Loosen the screw and remove the

bag.

Take the sealant bottle and the

compressor out of the box.

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286

Vehicle care

1. Remove the electrical connection

cable and air hose from the

stowage compartments on the

underside of the compressor.

2. Type 1: screw the compressor air

hose to the connection on the

sealant bottle and fit the sealant

bottle into the retainer on the

compressor.

Type 2: remove screw plug from

the compressor and from the

sealant bottle. Screw the bottle on

the compressor without removing

the tinfoil from the bottle.

3. Set the compressor near the tyre

in such a way that the sealant

bottle is upright.

4. Unscrew valve cap from defective

tyre.

5. Type 1: screw the filler hose to the

tyre valve.

Type 2: remove protection cap

from filler hose and screw the filler

hose to the tyre valve. The air

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Vehicle care

287

release valve must be closed (turn

clockwise).

6. The switch on the compressor

must be set to J.

7. Connect the compressor plug to

the power outlet or cigarette

lighter socket.
To avoid discharging the battery,

we recommend running the

engine.

8. Set the rocker switch on the

compressor to I. The tyre is filled

with sealant.

9. The compressor pressure gauge

briefly indicates up to 6 bar whilst

the sealant bottle is emptying

(approx. 30 seconds). Then the

pressure starts to drop.

10. All of the sealant is pumped into

the tyre. Then the tyre is inflated.

11. The prescribed tyre pressure

should be obtained within

10 minutes. Tyre pressure

3

 319. When the correct pressure

is obtained, switch off the

compressor.
Do not run the compressor longer

than 10 minutes.
Type 1: if the tyre pressure is not

obtained within 10 minutes,

remove the tyre repair kit. Move

the vehicle one tyre rotation.

Reattach the tyre repair kit and

continue the filling procedure for

10 minutes. Check tyre pressure

once more. If the prescribed tyre

pressure is still not obtained, the

tyre is too badly damaged. Seek

the assistance of a workshop.

Drain excess tyre pressure with

the button over the pressure

indicator.

Depending on version the button

can be located on the air hose.

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Vehicle care

Type 2: remove tyre repair kit and

drive immediately up to 10 km, but

not longer than 10 minutes. Check

tyre pressure once more. If the

tyre pressure is not obtained,

reattach the tyre repair kit and

continue the filling procedure for

10 minutes. If the prescribed tyre

pressure is still not obtained, the

tyre is too badly damaged. Seek

the assistance of a workshop.
If the pressure is obtained, correct

to the prescribed tyre pressure by

using the compressor to increase

or decrease by opening the air

release valve (turn anticlockwise)

at the air filler hose.

12. Detach the tyre repair kit.

Type 1: push catch on bracket to

remove sealant bottle from

bracket. Screw tyre inflation hose

to the free connection of sealant

bottle. This prevents sealant from

escaping.
Type 2: Sealant bottle can not be

removed from the compressor.

Have the sealant bottle replaced

by your workshop.

13. Stow tyre repair kit in the load

compartment.

14. Remove any excess sealant

using a cloth.

15. Take the label indicating

maximum permitted speed from

the sealant bottle and affix in the

driver's field of view.

16. Continue driving immediately so

that sealant is evenly distributed

in the tyre. After driving approx.

10 km (but no more than

10 minutes), stop and check tyre

pressure. Screw compressor air

hose directly onto tyre valve.

If tyre pressure is more than

1.3 bar, set it to the correct value.

Repeat the procedure until there

is no more loss of pressure.
If the tyre pressure has fallen

below 1.3 bar, the vehicle must

not be used. Seek the assistance

of a workshop.

17. Stow away tyre repair kit in the

box.

18. Fix the box with the screw.

Note

The driving characteristics of the

repaired tyre are severely affected,

therefore have this tyre replaced.
If unusual noise is heard or the

compressor becomes hot, turn

compressor off for at least 30 min.
The built-in safety valve opens at a

pressure of 7 bar.
Note the expiry date of the kit. After

this date its sealing capability is no

longer guaranteed. Pay attention to

storage information on sealant

bottle.
Replace the used sealant bottle.

Dispose of the bottle as prescribed

by applicable laws.

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Vehicle care

289

The compressor and sealant can be

used from approx. -30 °C.
The adapters possibly supplied can

be used to pump up other items e.g.

footballs, air mattresses, inflatable

dinghies etc. They can be located on

the underside of the compressor. To

remove, screw on compressor air

hose and withdraw adapter.

Wheel changing

Make the following preparations and

observe the following information:

● Park the vehicle on a level, firm

and non-skid surface. The front

wheels must be in the straight-

ahead position.

● Apply the parking brake and

engage first gear, reverse gear or

P.

● If the ground on which the vehicle

is standing is soft, a solid board

(max. 1 cm thick) should be

placed under the jack.

● Take heavy objects out of the

vehicle before jacking up.

● No people or animals may be in

the vehicle when it is jacked-up.

● Never crawl under a jacked-up

vehicle.

● Do not start the vehicle when it is

raised on the jack.

● Clean wheel nuts and thread with

a clean cloth before mounting the

wheel.

9 Warning

Do not grease wheel bolt, wheel

nut and wheel nut cone.

Jacking positions

The jacking positions shown refer to

the use of lifting arms and accessory

jacks used for changing winter /

summer tyres.

Rear arm position of the lifting

platform centrically under the relevant

vehicle jacking point.

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290

Vehicle care

Front arm position of the lifting

platform centrically under the relevant

vehicle jacking point.

Spare wheel

The spare wheel can be classified as

a temporary spare wheel depending

on the size compared to the other

mounted wheels and country

regulations. In this case a permissible

maximum speed applies, even

though no label at the spare wheel

indicates this.
Only mount one temporary spare

wheel. Do not drive faster than

80 km/h. Take curves slowly. Do not

use for a long period of time.

Caution

The use of a spare wheel that is

smaller than the other wheels or in

combination with winter tyres

could affect driveability. Have the

defective tyre replaced as soon as

possible.

Caution

If driving with a temporary spare

wheel, active emergency braking

has to deactivated.

The spare wheel is located in the load

compartment beneath the floor

covering.
To remove:

1. Open the floor cover.
2. The spare wheel is secured with a

wing nut. Turn wing nut

anticlockwise and remove the

spare wheel.

Under the spare wheel there is the

box with vehicle tools.

3. When, after a wheel change, no

wheel is placed in the spare wheel

well, secure the tool box by

turning right back the wing nut and

close the floor cover.

4. After wheel change back to full

size wheel, place the spare wheel

outside up in the well and secure

with the wing nut.

Only mount one temporary spare

wheel. The permissible maximum

speed on the label on the temporary

spare wheel is only valid for the

factory-fitted tyre size.

Fitting the spare wheel

Make the following preparations and

observe the following information:

● Park the vehicle on a level, firm

and non-skid surface. The front

wheels must be in the straight-

ahead position.

● Apply the parking brake and

engage first gear, reverse gear or

P.

● Remove the spare wheel.

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Vehicle care

291

● Never change more than one

wheel at once.

● Use the jack only to change

wheels in case of puncture, not

for seasonal winter or summer

tyre change.

● The jack is maintenance-free.
● If the ground on which the vehicle

is standing is soft, a solid board

(max. 1 cm thick) should be

placed under the jack.

● Take heavy objects out of the

vehicle before jacking up.

● No people or animals may be in

the vehicle when it is jacked-up.

● Never crawl under a jacked-up

vehicle.

● Do not start the vehicle when it is

raised on the jack.

● Clean wheel nuts and thread with

a clean cloth before mounting the

wheel.

9 Warning

Do not grease wheel bolt, wheel

nut and wheel nut cone.

1. Steel wheels with cover: Pull off

the wheel cover.
Alloy wheels: Disengage wheel

nut caps with a flat screwdriver

and remove. To protect the wheel

paint and the cap, wrap a cloth

around the screwdriver tip.

2. Fold out the wheel wrench and

install ensuring that it locates

securely and loosen each wheel

nut by half a turn.
The wheels might be protected by

locking wheel nuts. To loosen

these specific nuts, first attach the

adapter for the locking wheel nuts

onto the head of the nut before

installing the wheel wrench. The

adapter is located in the glovebox.

3. Ensure the jack is correctly

positioned under the relevant

vehicle jacking point.

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292

Vehicle care

Some versions have sill panels

with covered vehicle jacking

points: pull out the cover at the

respective jacking point firstly.

4. Set the jack to the necessary

height. Position it directly below

the jacking point in a manner that

prevents it from slipping.

Attach wheel wrench and with the

jack correctly aligned rotate wheel

wrench until wheel is clear of the

ground.

5. Unscrew the wheel nuts.
6. Change the wheel.
7. Screw on the wheel nuts.
8. Lower the vehicle and remove

jack.

9. Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it is located securely and

tighten each nut in a crosswise

sequence. Tightening torque is

140 Nmfor all models except GSi.

GSi models have a tightening

torque of 190 Nm

10. Align the valve hole in the wheel

cover with the tyre valve before

installing.
Install wheel nut caps.

11. Install vehicle jacking point cover.
12. Stow and secure the replaced

wheel, the vehicle tools 3 277 and

the adapter for the locking wheel

nuts 3 73.

13. Check the tyre pressure of the

installed tyre and the wheel nut

torque as soon as possible.

Stowing the replaced full size

wheel in the spare wheel well

Secure a damaged full size wheel

facing upwards with the wing nut in

the spare wheel well after mounting

an extension bolt on the thread bolt.

The extension bolt is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 277. To secure the

wheel:

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Vehicle care

293

1. Stick the extension bolt onto the

thread bolt.

2. Store the damaged wheel outside

up in the spare wheel well and

secure it by turning the wing nut

clockwise on the extension bolt.

9 Warning

Storing a jack, a wheel or other

equipment in the load

compartment could cause injury if

they are not fixed properly. During

a sudden stop or a collision, loose

equipment could strike someone.

Store wheel, jack and tools always

in the original storage location and

secure them by fixing.

Spare wheel with directional tyre

Fit directional tyres such that they roll

in the direction of travel. The rolling

direction is indicated by a symbol

(e.g. an arrow) on the sidewall.
The following applies to tyres fitted

opposing the rolling direction:

● Driveability may be affected.

Have the defective tyre renewed

or repaired as soon as possible

and fit it instead of the spare

wheel.

● Drive particularly carefully on wet

and snow-covered road

surfaces.

Jump starting

Do not start with quick charger.
A vehicle with a discharged vehicle

battery can be started using jump

leads and the vehicle battery of

another vehicle.

9 Warning

Be extremely careful when starting

with jump leads. Any deviation

from the following instructions can

lead to injuries or damage caused

by battery explosion or damage to

the electrical systems of both

vehicles.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of the battery with

eyes, skin, fabrics and painted

surfaces. The fluid contains

sulphuric acid which can cause

injuries and damage in the event

of direct contact.

● Never expose the vehicle battery

to naked flames or sparks.

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