Opel Insignia (2019 year). Manual - part 16

 

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Opel Insignia (2019 year). Manual - part 16

 

 

246

Driving and operating

● Weather limits visibility, such as

fog, rain, or snow.

● The sensor in the windscreen is

blocked by snow, ice, slush, mud,

dirt, windscreen damage or

affected by foreign items, e.g.

stickers.

● The sun is shining directly into

the camera lens.

● Close vehicles ahead
● Banked roads
● Road edges
● Roads with poor lane markings
● Sudden lighting changes
● Vehicle modifications, e.g. tyres.

Switch off the system if the system is

disturbed by tar marks, shadows,

road cracks, temporary or

construction lane markings, or other

road imperfections.

9 Warning

Always keep your attention on the

road and maintain proper vehicle

position within the lane, otherwise

vehicle damage, injury or death

could occur.
Lane keep assist does not

continuously steer the vehicle.
The system may not keep the

vehicle in the lane or give an alert,

even if a lane marking is detected.
The steering of the lane keep

assist may not be sufficient to

avoid a lane departure.
The system may not detect hands-

off driving due to external

influences (road condition and

surface, weather etc). The driver

has full responsibility to control the

vehicle and is always required to

keep the hands on the steering

wheel while driving.
Using the system while towing a

trailer or on slippery roads could

cause loss of control of the vehicle

and a crash. Switch the system off.

Fuel

Fuel for petrol engines

Only use unleaded fuel that complies

with European standard EN 228 or

equivalent.
The engine is capable of running with

fuel that contains up to 10% ethanol

(e.g. named E10).
Use fuel with the recommended

octane rating. A lower octane rating

can reduce engine power and torque

and slightly increases fuel

consumption.

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Driving and operating

247

Caution

Do not use fuel or fuel additives

that contain metallic compounds

such as manganese-based

additives. This may cause engine

damage.

Caution

Use of fuel that does not comply to

EN 228 or equivalent can lead to

deposits or engine damage.

Caution

Use of fuel with a lower octane

rating than the lowest possible

rating could lead to uncontrolled

combustion and engine damage.

The engine specific requirements

regarding octane rating are given in

the engine data overview 3 309. A

country-specific label at the fuel filler

flap can supersede the requirement.

Fuel additive

Fuel should contain detergent

additives that help prevent engine

and fuel system deposits from

forming. Clean fuel injectors and

intake valves will allow the emission

control system to work properly. In

certain countries fuel does not

contain sufficient quantities of

additive to keep fuel injectors and

intake valves clean. In these

countries a fuel additive is required for

some engines to make up for this lack

of detergency. Only use fuel additive

approved for the vehicle.
Adding fuel additive to the filled fuel

tank is required at least every 15,000

km or after one year, whichever

occurs first. For further information,

contact your workshop.

Prohibited fuels

Fuels containing oxygenates such as

ethers and ethanol, as well as

reformulated fuel, are available in

some cities. If these fuels comply with

the previously described

specification, then they are

acceptable to use. However, E85

(85% ethanol) and other fuels

containing more than 15% ethanol

must be used only in FlexFuel

vehicles.

Caution

Do not use fuel containing

methanol. It can corrode metal

parts in the fuel system and also

damage plastic and rubber parts.

This damage would not be

covered by the vehicle warranty.

Some fuels, mainly high octane

racing fuels, can contain an octane

enhancing additive called

methylcyclopentadienyl manganese

tricarbonyl (MMT). Do not use fuels or

fuel additives with MMT as they can

reduce spark plug life and affect

emission control system

performance. The malfunction

indicator light Z may illuminate

3

 107. If this occurs, seek the

assistance of a workshop.

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248

Driving and operating

Fuel for diesel engines

Only use diesel fuel that complies

with EN 590 and which has a sulphur

concentration of max. 10 ppm.
Fuels with a biodiesel (compliant with

EN 14214) content of max. 7% by

volume may be used (e.g. named

B7).
If travelling in countries outside the

European Union occasional use of

Euro-Diesel fuel with a sulphur

concentration below 50 ppm is

possible.

Caution

Frequent usage of diesel fuel

containing more than 15 ppm

sulphur will cause severe engine

damage.

Caution

Use of fuel that does not comply to

EN 590 or similar can lead to

engine powerloss, increased wear

or engine damage and may affect

your warranty.

Do not use marine diesel oils, heating

oils, Aquazole and similar diesel-

water emulsions. Diesel fuels must

not be diluted with fuels for petrol

engines.

Low temperature operation

At temperatures below 0 °C, some

diesel products with biodiesel blends

may clog, freeze or gel, which may

affect the fuel supply system. Starting

and engine operation may not work

properly. Make sure to fill winter

grade diesel fuel at ambient

temperatures below 0 °C.
Arctic grade diesel fuel can be used

in extreme cold temperatures below

-20 °C. Using this fuel grade in warm

or hot climates is not recommended

and may cause engine stalling, poor

starting or damage on the fuel

injection system.

Refuelling

9 Danger

Before refuelling, switch off

ignition and any external heaters

with combustion chambers.
Follow the operating and safety

instructions of the filling station

when refuelling.

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Driving and operating

249

9 Danger

Fuel is flammable and explosive.

No smoking. No naked flames or

sparks.
If you can smell fuel in your

vehicle, have the cause of this

remedied immediately by a

workshop.

A label with symbols at the fuel filler

flap is indicating the allowed fuel

types. In Europe the pump nozzles of

the filling stations are marked with

these symbols. Refuel only the

allowed fuel type.

Caution

In case of misfuelling, do not

switch on ignition.

Fuel filler flap is located at right rear

side of vehicle.

The fuel filler flap can only be opened

if the vehicle is unlocked. Release the

fuel filler flap by pushing the flap.

Petrol and Diesel refuelling

Place the nozzle in straight position to

the filler neck and press with slight

force to insert.
To refuel, switch on pump nozzle.
After the automatic cut-off, the tank

can be topped up by operating the

pump nozzle a maximum of two more

times.

Caution

Wipe off any overflowing fuel

immediately.

Close the flap and allow it to engage.

Misfuel inhibitor

9 Warning

Do not try to open the flap of the

fuel filler neck manually on

vehicles with misfuel inhibitor.
Disregarding this could lead to

trapping of the fingers.

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250

Driving and operating

The misfuel inhibitor ensures that the

flap of the fuel filler neck can only be

opened by using the suitable fuel

nozzle or a funnel for emergency

refilling.
In case of an emergency, refill with a

canister. A funnel must be used to

open the cap of the filler neck.

The funnel may be stowed in the load

compartment or the glovebox.
Place the funnel in straight position to

the filler neck and press with slight

force to insert.
After topping-up, clean funnel from

fuel remains and stow it away.

Trailer hitch

General information

The factory-fitted towing equipment is

folded up under the rear bumper

fascia.
Entrust retrofitting of towing

equipment to a workshop. It may be

necessary to make changes that

affect the cooling system, heat

shields or other equipment. Only use

towing equipment that has been

approved for your vehicle.
To avoid vehicle damage, the power

tailgate cannot be operated with the

electronic key when a trailer is

electrically connected.
The bulb outage detection function for

trailer brake light cannot detect a

partial bulb outage, e.g. in case of four

times five watt bulbs, the function only

detects lamp outage when only a

single five Watt lamp remains or none

remain.
Fitting of towing equipment could

cover the opening of the towing eye.

If this is the case use the coupling ball

bar for towing.

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Driving and operating

251

Driving characteristics and

towing tips

Before attaching a trailer, lubricate

the coupling ball. However, do not do

so if a stabiliser, which acts on the

coupling ball, is being used to reduce

snaking movements.
During trailer towing do not exceed a

speed of 80 km/h. A maximum speed

of 100 km/h is only appropriate if an

oscillation damper is used and the

permissible gross trailer weight does

not exceed the vehicle’s kerb weight.
For trailers with low driving stability

and caravan trailers, the use of an

oscillation damper is strongly

recommended.
If the trailer starts snaking, drive more

slowly, do not attempt to correct the

steering and brake sharply if

necessary.
When driving downhill, drive in the

same gear as if driving uphill and

drive at a similar speed.
Adjust tyre pressure to the value

specified for full load 3 319.

Trailer towing

Trailer loads

The permissible trailer loads are

vehicle and engine-dependent

maximum values which must not be

exceeded. The actual trailer load is

the difference between the actual

gross weight of the trailer and the

actual coupling socket load with the

trailer coupled.
The permissible trailer loads are

specified in the vehicle documents. In

general, they are valid for gradients

up to 12%.
The permissible trailer load applies

up to the specified incline and at sea

level. Since engine power decreases

as altitude increases due to the air

becoming thinner, therefore reducing

climbing ability, the permissible gross

train weight also decreases by 10%

for every 1000 metres of altitude. The

gross train weight does not have to be

reduced when driving on roads with

slight inclines (less than 8%, e.g.

motorways).

The permissible gross train weight

must not be exceeded. This weight is

specified on the identification plate

3

 304.

Vertical coupling load

The vertical coupling load is the load

exerted by the trailer on the coupling

ball. It can be varied by changing the

weight distribution when loading the

trailer.
The maximum permissible vertical

coupling load of:

● 60 kg (Grand Sport with all

engines except B20DTH /

B20NFT / D20DTR)

● 75 kg (Sports Tourer, Country

Tourer with all engines except

B20DTH / B20NFT / D20DTR)

● 90 kg (All bodystyles with

engines B20DTH / B20NFT /

D20DTR)

is specified on the towing equipment

identification plate and in the vehicle

documents. Always aim for the

maximum load, especially in the case

of heavy trailers. The vertical coupling

load should never fall below 25 kg.

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252

Driving and operating

Rear axle load

When the trailer is coupled and the

towing vehicle fully loaded, the

permissible rear axle load (see

identification plate or vehicle

documents) may be exceeded by

70 kg (engines B20DTH: 80 kg), the

gross vehicle weight rating must not

be exceeded. If the permissible rear

axle load is exceeded, a maximum

speed of 100 km/h applies.

Towing equipment

Caution

The folding coupling ball bar

cannot be removed from the

vehicle. When driving without a

trailer, fold in the coupling ball bar.

9 Warning

Make sure that no one is in the

pivot zone of the coupling ball bar.

Risk of body injury.

When releasing the stowed

coupling ball bar, make sure to

stand left of the grip.

Release stowed coupling ball bar

Pull the grip located left to the number

plate under the rear bumper fascia at

an angle of approx. 45° to the ground.

A buzzing tone sounds as a warning

when the release handle is pulled out

and the ball neck is disengaged.
Take the released coupling ball bar

and raise it up until it engages.
Ensure the coupling ball bar is

correctly engaged and the released

handle is guided back to its hidden

initial position, otherwise the buzzing

tone will not stop.

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Driving and operating

253

Stow/hide coupling ball bar

Pull the grip located left of the number

plate under the rear bumper fascia at

an angle of approx. 45° to the ground.

A buzzing tone sounds as a warning

when the release handle is pulled out

and the ball neck is disengaged.

With the flat of the hand, swivel the

released coupling ball bar to the right

until it engages under the floor. Make

sure that the release handle is back in

its hidden initial position, otherwise

the buzzing tone will not stop.

9 Warning

Towing a trailer is permitted only

when the coupling ball bar is fitted

correctly. If the coupling ball bar

does not engage correctly or if the

release handle is impossible to

guide to its hidden initial position in

the housing or if the buzzing tone

sounds after engaging the

coupling ball bar, seek the

assistance of a workshop.

Eye for break-away stopping cable

Attach break-away stopping cable to

eye.

Trailer stability assist

If the system detects snaking

movements, engine power is reduced

and the vehicle/trailer combination is

selectively braked until the snaking

ceases. While the system is working

keep steering wheel as still as

possible.
Trailer stability assistant is a function

of the Electronic Stability Control

3

 199.

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254

Vehicle care

Vehicle care

General Information ................... 254

Accessories and vehicle

modifications .......................... 254

Vehicle storage ........................ 255

End-of-life vehicle recovery ..... 255

Vehicle checks ........................... 256

Performing work ...................... 256

Bonnet ..................................... 256

Engine oil ................................. 257

Engine coolant ......................... 258

Washer fluid ............................ 259

Brakes ..................................... 259

Brake fluid ............................... 259

Vehicle battery ......................... 260

Diesel fuel system bleeding ..... 261

Wiper blade replacement ........ 261

Bulb replacement ....................... 262

Halogen headlights .................. 262

LED headlights ........................ 264

Front fog lights ......................... 264

Tail lights ................................. 266

Side turn lights ......................... 271

Number plate light ................... 272

Interior lights ............................ 272

Instrument panel illumination ... 272

Electrical system ........................ 272

Fuses ....................................... 272

Engine compartment fuse box . 273

Instrument panel fuse box ....... 276

Vehicle tools .............................. 277

Tools ........................................ 277

Wheels and tyres ....................... 278

Winter tyres ............................. 278

Tyre designations .................... 279

Tyre pressure .......................... 279

Tyre pressure monitoring

system .................................... 280

Tread depth ............................. 283

Changing tyre and wheel size . 283

Wheel covers ........................... 283

Tyre chains .............................. 284

Tyre repair kit .......................... 284

Wheel changing ....................... 289

Spare wheel ............................ 290

Jump starting ............................. 293
Towing ....................................... 295

Towing the vehicle ................... 295

Towing another vehicle ........... 296

Appearance care ....................... 297

Exterior care ............................ 297

Interior care ............................. 299

General Information

Accessories and vehicle

modifications

We recommend the use of genuine

parts and accessories and factory

approved parts specific for your

vehicle type. We cannot assess or

guarantee reliability of other products

- even if they have a regulatory or

otherwise granted approval.
Any modification, conversion or other

changes made to standard vehicle

specifications (including, without

limitation, software modifications,

modifications of the electronic control

units) may invalidate the warranty

offered by Opel. Furthermore, such

changes may affect driver assistance

systems, fuel consumption, CO

2

emissions and other emissions of the

vehicle. They may also invalidate the

vehicle operating permit.

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Vehicle care

255

Caution

When transporting the vehicle on

a train or on a recovery vehicle, the

mud flaps might be damaged.

Vehicle storage

Storage for a long period of time

If the vehicle is to be stored for several

months:

● Wash and wax the vehicle.
● Have the wax in the engine

compartment and underbody

checked.

● Clean and preserve the rubber

seals.

● Fill up fuel tank completely.
● Change the engine oil.
● Drain the washer fluid reservoir.
● Check the coolant antifreeze and

corrosion protection.

● Adjust tyre pressure to the value

specified for full load.

● Park the vehicle in a dry, well

ventilated place. Engage first or

reverse gear or set selector lever

to P. Prevent the vehicle from

rolling.

● Do not apply the parking brake.
● Open the bonnet, close all doors

and lock the vehicle.

● Disconnect the clamp from the

negative terminal of the vehicle

battery. Beware that all systems

are not functional, e.g. anti-theft

alarm system.

Putting back into operation

When the vehicle is to be put back into

operation:

● Connect the clamp to the

negative terminal of the vehicle

battery. Activate the electronics

of the power windows.

● Check tyre pressure.
● Fill up the washer fluid reservoir.
● Check the engine oil level.
● Check the coolant level.
● Fit the number plate if necessary.

End-of-life vehicle recovery

Information on end-of-life vehicle

recovery centres and the recycling of

end-of-life vehicles is available on our

website, where legally required. Only

entrust this work to an authorised

recycling centre.

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256

Vehicle care

Vehicle checks

Performing work

9 Warning

Only perform engine compartment

checks when the ignition is off.
The cooling fan may start

operating even if the ignition is off.

9 Danger

The ignition system uses

extremely high voltage. Do not

touch.

Bonnet

Opening

Pull the release lever and return it to

its original position.

Move the safety catch sideways to the

left vehicle side and open the bonnet.
The bonnet is held open

automatically.
If the bonnet is opened during an

Autostop, the engine will be restarted

automatically for safety reasons.
Stop-start system 3 182.

Closing

Lower the bonnet and let it fall into the

latch. Check that the bonnet is

engaged.

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Vehicle care

257

Caution

Do not press the bonnet into the

latch to avoid dents.

Active bonnet 3 71.

Engine oil

Check the engine oil level manually

on a regular basis to prevent damage

to the engine. Ensure that the correct

specification of oil is used.

Recommended fluids and lubricants

3

 302.

The maximum engine oil

consumption is 0.6 litres per

1000 km.
Check with the vehicle on a level

surface. The engine must be at

operating temperature and switched

off for at least five minutes.

Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean,

reinsert fully, pull out and read the

engine oil level.

Different dipsticks are used

depending on engine variant.

We recommend the use of the same

grade of engine oil that was used at

last change.

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258

Vehicle care

When the engine oil level has

dropped to the MIN mark, top up

engine oil.
The engine oil level must not exceed

the MAX mark on the dipstick.

Caution

Wipe off any spilled engine oil

immediately.

Caution

Overfilled engine oil must be

drained or suctioned out. If the oil

exceeds the maximum level, do

not start the vehicle and contact a

workshop.

Capacities 3 318.
Fit the cap on straight and tighten it.

Engine coolant

The coolant provides freeze

protection down to approx. -28 °C. In

cold regions with very low

temperatures, the factory filled

coolant provides frost protection

down to approx. -37 °C.

Caution

Only use approved antifreeze.

Coolant and antifreeze 3 302.

Coolant level

Caution

Too low a coolant level can cause

engine damage.

If the cooling system is cold, the

coolant level should be above the

filling line mark. Top up if the level is

low.

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Vehicle care

259

Depending on the engine, the

position of the coolant container may

be different.

9 Warning

Allow the engine to cool before

opening the cap. Carefully open

the cap, relieving the pressure

slowly.

To top up, use a 1:1 mixture of

released coolant concentrate mixed

with clean tap water. If no coolant

concentrate is available, use clean

tap water. Install the cap tightly. Have

the coolant concentration checked

and have the cause of the coolant

loss remedied by a workshop.

Washer fluid

Fill with clean water mixed with a

suitable quantity of approved

windscreen washer fluid which

contains antifreeze.

Caution

Only washer fluid with a sufficient

antifreeze concentration provides

protection at low temperatures or

a sudden drop in temperature.

Washer fluid 3 302.

Brakes

In the event of minimum thickness of

the brake lining, a squealing noise

sounds during braking.
Continued driving is possible but

have the brake lining replaced as

soon as possible.
Once new brake linings are installed,

do not brake unnecessarily hard for

the first few journeys.

Brake fluid

9 Warning

Brake fluid is poisonous and

corrosive. Avoid contact with eyes,

skin, fabrics and painted surfaces.

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260

Vehicle care

The brake fluid level must be between

the MIN and MAX marks.
If fluid level is below MIN seek the

assistance of a workshop.
Brake and clutch fluid 3 302.

Vehicle battery

The vehicle battery is located in the

engine compartment.
There are connecting points for jump

starting. 3 293
The vehicle battery is maintenance-

free provided that the driving profile

allows sufficient charging of the

battery. Short-distance-driving and

frequent engine starts can discharge

the battery. Avoid the use of

unnecessary electrical consumers.

Batteries do not belong in household

waste. They must be disposed of at

an appropriate recycling collection

point.
Laying up the vehicle for more than

four weeks can lead to battery

discharge. Disconnect the clamp from

the negative terminal of the vehicle

battery.
Ensure the ignition is switched off

before connecting or disconnecting

the vehicle battery.
Battery discharge protection 3 143.

Disconnecting the battery

If the vehicle's battery is to be

disconnected (e.g. for maintenance

work), the alarm siren must be

deactivated as follows: Switch the

ignition on then off, then disconnect

the vehicle's battery within

15 seconds.

Replacing the vehicle battery

Note

Any deviation from the instructions

given in this section may lead to

temporary deactivation or

disturbance of the stop-start system.

When the vehicle battery is being

replaced, please ensure that there

are no open ventilation holes in the

vicinity of the positive terminal. If a

ventilation hole is open in this area, it

must be closed off with a dummy cap,

and the ventilation in the vicinity of the

negative terminal must be opened.
Ensure that the battery is always

replaced by the same type of battery.
We recommend that you have the

vehicle battery replaced by a

workshop.

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Vehicle care

261

Stop-start system 3 182.

Charging the vehicle battery

9 Warning

On vehicles with stop-start

system, ensure that the charging

potential does not exceed

14.6 volts when using a battery

charger. Otherwise the vehicle

battery might be damaged.

Jump starting 3 293.

Warning label

Meaning of symbols:

● No sparks, naked flames or

smoking.

● Always shield eyes. Explosive

gases can cause blindness or

injury.

● Keep the vehicle battery out of

reach of children.

● The vehicle battery contains

sulphuric acid which could cause

blindness or serious burn

injuries.

● See the Owner's Manual for

further information.

● Explosive gas may be present in

the vicinity of the vehicle battery.

Diesel fuel system bleeding

If the tank has been run dry, the diesel

fuel system must be bled. Switch on

the ignition three times for

15 seconds at a time. Then crank the

engine for a maximum of

40 seconds. Repeat this process after

no less than five seconds. If the

engine fails to start, seek the

assistance of a workshop.

Wiper blade replacement

Windscreen

Lift the wiper arm until it stays in the

raised position. Lift retaining clip to

disengage the wiper blade and

remove.
Attach the wiper blade slightly angled

to the wiper arm and push until it

engages.
Lower wiper arm carefully.

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