CLUTCH ASSEMBLY CONDITIONS
For the clutch to operate correctly as described and
illustrated in the "Description and Operation", it is
important the following conditions are satisfied:-
A. The primary shaft 15 must be free in the
crankshaft spigot bush 17.
B. The friction plate 2 must be able to slide easily
on the splines on the primary shaft 15, to a
position where it does not contact either the
flywheel or the pressure plate.
C. The friction plate must not be distorted or the
linings contaminated with oil, which may cause it
to stick or continue to run in contact with the
flywheel or pressure plate.
A number of faults can develop in the operation of the
clutch for a variety of reasons and although most
faults are due to normal wear at high mileage,
problems can also occur if the unit has been renewed
by an unskilled operator.
Recognising and diagnosing a particular clutch fault is
therefore of paramount importance in ensuring, that
the problem is rectified at the first attempt.
Problems which develop in the clutch are as follows:-
A. Clutch spin/drag
B. Clutch slip
C. Clutch judder/fierce
CLUTCH SPIN - DRAG
Clutch spin is that, with engine running and clutch
pedal depressed, the gears cannot be immediately
engaged without making a grinding noise. This
indicates the clutch is not making a clean break.
However, if the clutch pedal is held depressed for
several seconds the friction plate will eventually break
free from the engine and the gear will engage silently.
Clutch spin as it becomes more severe develops into
clutch drag, making the silent engagement of a gear
impossible, regardless of how long the pedal is held
Clutch slip is most evident climbing a hill or when the
vehicle is moving off from stationary with a heavy
load. As the clutch is released slip occurs between the
engine and the transmission, allowing the engine
speed to increase without a corresponding increase in
Clutch slip can develop to the stage where no power
is transmitted through the clutch as the pedal is
CLUTCH JUDDER - FIERCE
Clutch judder or fierce engagement, like slip, is most
likely to occur when the vehicle is moving off from
stationary. As the clutch pedal is released the vehicle
will move rapidly or in a series of jerks, which can not
be controlled even by careful operation of the clutch
by the driver.
It should be noted that a vehicle may display all the
symptoms or any combination of the symptoms
described, depending on the driving conditions vehicle
load and operating temperatures.