Tesla Model X (2022 year). Manual in english - page 3

 

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Tesla Model X (2022 year). Manual in english - page 3

 

 

Lights
Turn Signals
To engage a turn signal, press the corresponding arrow
button on the left side of the steering yoke. A turn signal
cancels based on the angle of the steering yoke (for
example, you finish making a turn). You can also cancel a
turn signal by pressing the turn signal button a second
time.
If Controls > Pedals & Steering > Automatic Turn Signals
is set to Auto Cancel, turn signals cancel automatically
when Model X detects completion of a maneuver such
as a merge, lane change, or a fork in the roadway. You
can override automatic cancellation at any time (for
example, you want the turn signal to remain on because
you are making more than one lane change). To override,
engage the turn signal by pressing and momentarily
holding the turn signal button (instead of just pressing).
Then, when the first maneuver is complete, the turn
signal remains on. If Automatic Turn Signals is set to Off,
NOTE: Hazard warning flashers operate even without a
you must cancel the turn signal manually by pressing the
key nearby.
turn signal button after maneuvers such as a merge, lane
change, or fork in the roadway.
When a turn signal is operating,
the corresponding indicator lights
up on the instrument panel and
you can hear a clicking sound.
Hazard Warning Flashers
To turn on the hazard warning flashers, press the button
on the drive mode selector located at the front of the
center console. All turn signals flash. Press again to turn
off.
68
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview
The instrument panel changes depending on whether Model X is:
• Off or Parked (shown below).
• Driving (see Instrument Panel - Driving on page 70).
• Charging (see Charging Instructions on page 182).
When Model X is off or Parked, the instrument panel shows remaining estimated range, vehicle status, and outside
temperature.
1. When the car is off and you initially press the brake, indicator lights flash briefly along the top of the instrument
panel. Unless an indicator light applies to a current situation, it should turn off. If an indicator light fails to turn on
or off, refer to Indicator Lights on page 71.
2. An image of your car and its accompanying status (such as lights on, door open, etc.).
3. Total estimated driving distance (or energy) available. Instead of driving distance, you can display the percentage
of battery energy remaining. To do so, touch Controls > Display > Energy Display.
NOTE: When anticipating when you need to charge, use estimates as a general guideline only.
4. Estimated outside temperature.
5. Pay attention to instructions or important alert messages that display here. If any alerts are in effect, you can view
information about them by touching Controls and then touching the bell icon located at the top of the screen.
6. Currently selected drive mode: Park, Reverse, Neutral, or Drive. If Auto Shift out of Park is enabled, Drive or
Reverse is automatically selected (based on sensor input) and displayed on the instrument panel when the
driver's door is closed and seatbelt is buckled (see Auto Shift out of Park on page 63).
7. Current time of day.
Seating and Safety Restraints
69
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel - Driving
When Model X is driving (or ready to drive), the instrument panel shows your current driving status and a real-time
visualization of the road as detected by the Autopilot components (see About Autopilot on page 98). The
visualization automatically zooms in and out based on the detected road type.
NOTE: Touch Controls > Autopilot > Full Self-Driving Visualization Preview (if equipped) to display more details
about the roadway and its surroundings, such as road markings, stop lights, objects (such as trash cans and poles),
etc.
1. The instrument panel displays your location on a map, a wiper menu, Auto Shift out of Park instructions, etc.
When a navigation route is active, the upcoming portion of the route displays.
2. The speed limit (if available) that is currently being detected by Speed Assist (see Speed Assist on page 134).
3. Current driving speed.
4. The currently set cruising speed. When Tra…c-Aware Cruise Control is available but you haven't set a cruising
speed by engaging Tra…c-Aware Cruise Control or Autosteer, the icon is gray (see Tra…c-Aware Cruise Control
on page 101).
5. Autosteer is actively steering Model X. When Autosteer is available but you haven't activated it, the icon is gray
(see Autosteer on page 105).
6. When navigating, upcoming instructions in the navigation route appear here.
7. Total estimated driving distance (or energy) available. Instead of driving distance, you can display the percentage
of battery energy remaining (touch Controls > Display > Energy Display).
NOTE: When anticipating when you need to charge, use estimates as a general guideline only.
8. Surrounding road users are shown in their corresponding locations.
WARNING: Although the instrument panel shows surrounding tra…c, some vehicles may not be displayed.
Never rely on the instrument panel to determine if a vehicle is present (for example, in your blind spot).
Always use your mirrors and perform shoulder checks.
9. Your Model X.
70
Instrument Panel
10. The power meter displays real-time power usage. During acceleration, the bar fills to the right with a gray color
(or white if the display is dark) to represent power being used. During deceleration (when Model X is moving and
you release your foot from the accelerator pedal), the bar fills to the left with a green color to represent power
being fed back to the Battery by regenerative braking (see Regenerative Braking on page 75).
11. When Autosteer is active and detects the driving lane, it is highlighted in blue (see Autosteer on page 105).
Depending on the current driving scenario, you may see neighboring lanes.
NOTE: In situations where Autosteer is unable to detect lane markings, the driving lane is determined based on
the vehicle you are following.
NOTE: If Navigate on Autopilot is active, the driving lane displays as a single blue line in front of Model X (see
Navigate on Autopilot on page 110).
Indicator Lights
Indicator
Description
Airbag safety. If this red indicator does
Indicator lights display along the top of the instrument
not flash on briefly when Model X
panel to show status and alert you of specific vehicle
prepares to drive, or if it remains on,
conditions.
contact Tesla immediately. See Airbags
on page 48.
Indicator
Description
A brake system fault is detected or the
Front fog lights are on, if equipped. See
brake fluid level is low. See Braking and
Lights on page 66.
Stopping on page 74. Contact Tesla
immediately.
Parking lights (side marker lights, tail
lights, and license plate lights) are on.
A brake booster fault has been detected.
See Lights on page 66.
See Braking and Stopping on page 74.
An ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) fault
Low beam headlights are on.
is detected. See Braking and Stopping on
page 74. Contact Tesla immediately.
High beam headlights are on. Illuminates
when high beams are on but the Auto
A parking brake fault is detected.
High Beam setting is turned off or if the
Contact Tesla. See Parking Brake on page
Auto High Beam setting is turned on but
75.
is temporarily unavailable. See High
Beam Headlights on page 66.
High beam headlights are currently
turned on, and Auto High Beam is ready
The parking brake is manually applied.
to turn off the high beams if light is
See Parking Brake on page 75.
detected in front of Model X. See High
Beam Headlights on page 66.
Tire pressure warning. The pressure of a
High beam headlights are temporarily
tire is out of range. If a fault with the Tire
turned off because Auto High Beam is on
Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) is
and is detecting light in front of Model X.
detected, the indicator flashes. For a
When light is no longer detected, the
TPMS fault, contact Tesla. See Tire Care
high beams automatically turn back on.
and Maintenance on page 190.
See High Beam Headlights on page 66.
If a fault is detected with the Adaptive
A seat belt for an occupied seat is not
Front Lighting this indicator displays, if
fastened. See Seat Belts on page 37.
equipped. See Adaptive Front Lighting
System (AFS) on page 67.
Seating and Safety Restraints
71
Instrument Panel
Indicator
Description
This indicator flashes amber when the
electronic stability control systems are
actively minimizing wheel spin by
controlling brake pressure and motor
power. See Traction Control on page
77. If this indicator remains on, a fault is
detected and you should immediately
contact Tesla.
If a fault is detected that reduces the
performance of the air suspension
system, this amber indicator light
displays (see Air Suspension on page
163). If the problem persists, contact
Tesla.
If a fault is detected that disables the air
suspension system, this red indicator
light displays (see Air Suspension on
page 163). Contact Tesla.
Vehicle Hold is actively applying the
brakes. See Vehicle Hold on page 80.
Electronic stability control systems are no
longer minimizing wheel spin. See
Traction Control on page 77.
Model X is in Transport mode and can roll
freely. It does not automatically shift into
Park when you exit. See Activate
Transport Mode on page 223.
Trailer mode (if equipped) is active. See
Towing and Accessories on page 87.
A blue snowflake appears when some of
the energy stored in the Battery may not
be available due to cold weather
conditions. During these cold weather
conditions, charging rates may also be
limited. If Model X is plugged in, you can
heat your Battery by turning on climate
control with the mobile app. The
snowflake disappears when the Battery is
su…ciently warm.
Vehicle power is currently being limited
because the energy remaining in the
Battery is low, the vehicle's systems are
being heated or cooled, or an error is
detected by the drive inverter.
72
Wipers and Washers
NOTE: For vehicles manufactured after
Wipers and Washers
approximately February 13, 2022, Autosteer
requires wipers to be set to Auto. This setting is
You can access wiper settings by touching the wiper
automatic and you cannot change it.
button on the steering yoke or touching Controls >
Wipers.
I - Intermittent, slow.
Press the wiper button on the steering yoke to wipe the
II - Intermittent, fast.
windshield.
III - Continuous, slow.
Press and hold the wiper button to spray washer fluid
IIII - Continuous, fast.
onto the windshield. After releasing the button, the
NOTE: If you choose Auto and the ability to detect
wipers perform two additional wipes then, depending on
liquid on the windshield becomes unavailable, the
vehicle and environmental conditions, a third wipe a few
wiper setting reverts to the most recently used
seconds later. You can also press and hold the wiper
manual setting. If a manual setting cannot be
button for a continuous spray of washer fluid—the
determined, the wipers turn off.
wipers perform the wipes after you release.
NOTE: You can also adjust the windshield wiper
Whenever you press the wiper button, the instrument
speed and frequency using voice commands (see
panel displays the wiper menu, allowing you to adjust
Voice Commands on page 165).
wiper settings. Roll the left scroll button on the steering
CAUTION: To avoid the risk of damaging the
yoke up or down to choose your desired setting.
wipers, do not leave the wipers set to Auto
when washing Model X.
Periodically check and clean the edge of the wiper
blades. If a blade is damaged, replace it immediately. For
details on checking and replacing wiper blades, see
Wiper Blades and Washer Jets on page 200.
CAUTION: To avoid damaging the hood, ensure
that the hood is fully closed before activating the
windshield wipers.
CAUTION: Remove ice from the windshield before
turning the wipers on. Ice has sharp edges that can
damage the rubber on the wiper blades.
CAUTION: In harsh climates, ensure that the wiper
blades are not frozen or adhered to the windshield.
1. Turn the wipers off.
2. Choose how you want the wipers to operate:
Auto - Model X detects whether or not it is raining.
When liquid is detected on the windshield,
Model X determines the optimal frequency of the
wipers. If Model X does not detect liquid on the
windshield, the wipers do not operate.
Driving
73
Braking and Stopping
WARNING: Do not pump the brake pedal. Doing so
Braking Systems
interrupts operation of the ABS and can increase
braking distance.
WARNING: Properly functioning braking systems
are critical to ensure safety. If you experience a
WARNING: Always maintain a safe distance from
problem with the brake pedal, brake calipers, or
the vehicle in front of you and be aware of
any component of a Model X braking system,
hazardous driving conditions. While the ABS can
contact Tesla immediately.
improve stopping distance, it cannot overcome the
laws of physics. It also does not prevent the
Model X has an anti-lock braking system (ABS) that
danger of hydroplaning (where a layer of water
prevents the wheels from locking when you apply
prevents direct contact between the tires and the
maximum brake pressure. This improves steering control
road).
during heavy braking in most road conditions.
CAUTION: Automatic Emergency Braking (see
Automatic Emergency Braking on page 132) may
During emergency braking conditions, the ABS
intervene to automatically brake in situations
constantly monitors the speed of each wheel and varies
where a collision is considered imminent.
the brake pressure according to the grip available.
Automatic Emergency Braking is not designed to
prevent a collision. At best, it can minimize the
The alteration of brake pressure can be felt as a pulsing
impact of a frontal collision by attempting to
sensation through the brake pedal. This demonstrates
reduce your driving speed. Depending on
that the ABS is operating and is not a cause for concern.
Automatic Emergency Braking to avoid a collision
Keep firm and steady pressure on the brake pedal while
can result in serious injury or death.
experiencing the pulsing.
The ABS indicator briefly flashes yellow on
Dynamic Brake Lights (if equipped)
the instrument panel when you first start
Model X. If this indicator lights up at any
If you are driving over 30 mph (50 km/h) and brake
other time, an ABS fault has occurred and
forcefully (or if Automatic Emergency Braking engages),
the ABS is not operating. Contact Tesla.
the brake lights flash quickly to warn other drivers that
The braking system remains fully
Model X is rapidly slowing down. If Model X stops
operational and is not affected by an ABS
completely, the hazard warning lights flash. Flashing
failure. However, braking distances may
continues until you press the accelerator or manually
increase. Drive cautiously and avoid heavy
press the hazard lights button to turn them off (see
braking.
Hazard Warning Flashers on page 68).
If the instrument panel displays this red
NOTE: When towing a trailer (if applicable), the brake
brake indicator at any time other than
lights on the trailer also operate as described above,
briefly when you first start Model X, a
even when the trailer is not equipped with a separate
brake system fault is detected, or the level
braking system.
of the brake fluid is low. Contact Tesla
WARNING: When towing a trailer (if applicable),
immediately. Apply steady pressure and
always increase your following distance. Sudden
keep the brakes firm to bring the vehicle to
braking may result in skidding, jack-knifing, and
a stop when safe to do so.
loss of control.
The instrument panel displays this yellow
brake indicator if a brake booster fault is
Brake Disc Wiping
detected. Apply steady pressure and keep
the brakes firm to stop the vehicle when
To ensure brakes remain responsive in cold and wet
safety permits. Hydraulic Boost
weather, Model X is equipped with brake disc wiping.
Compensation will be active (see Hydraulic
When cold and wet weather is detected, this feature
Boost Compensation on page 75).
repeatedly applies an imperceptible amount of brake
force to remove water from the surface of the brake
discs.
Emergency Braking
Hydraulic Fade Compensation
In an emergency, fully press the brake pedal and
maintain firm pressure, even on low traction surfaces.
The ABS varies the braking pressure to each wheel
Model X is equipped with hydraulic fade compensation.
according to the amount of traction available. This
This assists in monitoring brake system pressure and
prevents wheels from locking and ensures that you stop
ABS activity for instances of reduced brake
as safely as possible.
performance. If reduced brake performance is detected
(for example, as a result of brake fade, or cold or wet
conditions), you may hear a sound, feel the brake pedal
pull away from your foot, and notice a strong increase in
74
Braking and Stopping
braking. Brake as you normally would and continue to
press the brake pedal without releasing or pumping the
brakes.
CAUTION: If brakes are not functioning properly,
stop the vehicle when safety permits and contact
1. The left side of the power meter represents power
Tesla Service.
generated from regenerative braking, or power that is
WARNING: Always maintain a safe driving distance
used to slow down the vehicle. Power being fed back
from the vehicle in front of you and exercise
to the Battery displays in green whereas power used
caution when driving conditions are hazardous.
by the regular braking system displays in gray.
Brake disc wiping and hydraulic fade
2. The right side of the power meter shows power that
compensation is not a substitute for adequately
is used to accelerate the vehicle. During acceleration,
applying the brakes.
the power meter fills to the right with gray to
represent the amount of power being used.
Hydraulic Boost Compensation
NOTE: To ensure visibility when the display is dark,
Model X is equipped with a brake booster that activates
power represented by the gray color displays as white.
the brakes when the brake pedal is pressed. Hydraulic
NOTE: Installing winter tires with aggressive compound
boost compensation provides mechanical assistance if
and tread design may result in temporarily-reduced
the brake booster fails. If a brake booster failure is
regenerative braking power. However, your vehicle is
detected, the brake pedal feels stiffer to press and you
designed to continuously recalibrate itself, and after
may hear a sound when you press the brake pedal. To
changing tires it will increasingly restore regenerative
stop Model X, apply steady force to the brake pedal
braking power after some straight-line accelerations. For
without releasing or pumping. Drive cautiously and
most drivers this occurs after a short period of normal
maintain a safe distance from other road users—brake
driving, but drivers who normally accelerate lightly may
pedal responsiveness and braking performance may be
need to use slightly harder accelerations while the
degraded.
recalibration is in progress.
NOTE: If regenerative braking is aggressively slowing
Regenerative Braking
Model X (such as when your foot is completely off the
accelerator pedal at highway speeds), the brake lights
Whenever Model X is moving and your foot is off the
turn on to alert others that you are slowing down.
accelerator, regenerative braking slows down the vehicle
WARNING: In snowy or icy conditions, Model X
and feeds any surplus power back to the Battery. By
may experience loss of traction during
anticipating your stops and reducing or removing
regenerative braking.
pressure from the accelerator pedal to slow down, you
can take advantage of regenerative braking to increase
driving range.
Parking Brake
Vehicle deceleration due to regenerative braking may
To engage the parking brake, touch Controls > Safety >
vary depending on the current state of the Battery. For
Parking Brake. Follow the onscreen instructions.
example, regenerative braking may be limited if the
Battery is cold or is already fully charged.
Use the touchscreen to manually release the parking
brake (which also shifts Model X into Neutral):
To experience the same amount of deceleration
whenever you release the accelerator pedal, regardless
1. Touch Controls > Safety.
of the state of the Battery, you can choose to have the
regular braking system automatically engage whenever
2. Press the brake pedal, then touch Parking Brake. If
regenerative braking is limited. Touch Controls > Pedals
Model X was previously in Park, it shifts into Neutral.
& Steering > Apply Brakes When Regenerative Braking
is Limited.
When you manually apply the parking
brake using the touchscreen, the red
NOTE: If Apply Brakes When Regenerative Braking is
parking brake indicator lights up on the
Limited is enabled and applying the brakes, the brake
instrument panel.
pedal may move and it may feel stiffer when pressed.
This is expected and does not change your ability to
slow down Model X.
If the parking brake experiences an
The power meter (a thin horizontal line centered at the
electrical issue, the amber parking brake
indicator lights up and a fault message
bottom of the instrument panel) displays real-time
displays on the instrument panel.
power usage:
Driving
75
Braking and Stopping
NOTE: The parking brake operates on the rear wheels
only, and is independent of the pedal-operated brake
system.
CAUTION: In the unlikely event that Model X loses
electrical power, you cannot access the
touchscreen and are therefore unable to release
the parking brake without first jump starting
Model X (see Instructions for Transporters on page
222).
WARNING: In snowy or icy conditions the rear
wheels may not have su…cient traction to prevent
Model X from sliding down a slope, particularly if
not using winter tires. Avoid parking on hills in
snowy or icy conditions. You are always
responsible for parking safely.
WARNING: Your Model X may display an alert if
the road is too steep to safely park on, or if the
parking brakes are not properly engaged. These
alerts are for guidance purposes only and are not a
substitute for the driver’s judgment of safe parking
conditions, including specific road or weather
conditions. Do not depend on these alerts to
determine whether or not it is safe to park at any
location. You are always responsible for parking
safely.
Brake Wear
Model X brake pads are equipped with wear indicators.
A wear indicator is a thin metal strip attached to the
brake pad that squeals as it rubs against the rotor when
the pad wears down. This squealing sound indicates that
the brake pads have reached the end of their service life
and require replacement. To replace the brake pads,
contact Tesla Service.
Brakes must be periodically inspected visually by
removing the tire and wheel. For detailed specifications
and service limits for rotors and brake pads, see
Subsystems on page 212. Additionally, Tesla
recommends cleaning and lubricating the brake calipers
every year or 12,500 miles (20,000 km) if in an area
where roads are salted during winter months.
WARNING: Neglecting to replace worn brake pads
damages the braking system and can result in a
braking hazard.
76
Traction Control
How It Works
The traction control system constantly monitors the
speed of the front and rear wheels. If Model X
experiences a loss of traction, the system minimizes
wheel spin by controlling brake pressure and motor
power. By default, the traction control system is on.
Under normal conditions, it should remain on to ensure
maximum safety.
This yellow indicator flashes on the
instrument panel whenever the traction
control system is actively controlling brake
pressure and motor power to minimize
wheel spin. If the indicator stays on, a fault
is detected with the traction control
system. Contact Tesla Service.
WARNING: Traction control cannot prevent
collisions caused by driving dangerously or turning
too sharply at high speeds.
Allowing Wheel Slip
To allow the wheels to spin at a limited speed, you can
enable Slip Start. Slip Start can be enabled only when
Model X is moving 30 mph (48 km/h) or slower. Slip
Start automatically disables when the speed exceeds
50 mph (80 km/h).
Under normal conditions, Slip Start should not be
enabled. Enable it only in circumstances where you
deliberately want the wheels to spin, such as:
• Starting on a loose surface, such as gravel or snow.
• Driving in deep snow, sand or mud.
• Rocking out of a hole or deep rut.
To allow the wheels to spin, touch Controls > Pedals &
Steering > Slip Start.
The instrument panel displays an alert
message when Slip Start is enabled.
Although Slip Start is automatically disabled the next
time you start Model X, it is strongly recommended that
you disable it immediately after the circumstances that
required you to enable it have passed.
NOTE: Slip Start can not be enabled when you are
actively using cruise control.
Driving
77
Park Assist
How Park Assist Works
Model X has several sensors designed to detect the
presence of objects. When driving slowly in Drive or
Reverse (for example, when parking), the vehicle alerts
you if an object is detected in close proximity of your
Model X. Objects are only detected in your chosen
direction; front objects in Drive, rear objects in Reverse.
WARNING: You may not be alerted if Model X rolls
freely in the opposite direction (for example, Park
Assist does not display an alert if Model X rolls
backwards down a hill while in Drive).
NOTE: Rear sensors are disabled when a bicycle is
detected or Model X is in trailer mode.
WARNING: Never depend on Park Assist to inform
you if an area you are approaching is free of
objects and/or people. Several external factors can
reduce the performance of Park Assist, causing
either no readings or false readings (see
Limitations and False Warnings on page 79).
Therefore, depending on Park Assist to determine
if Model X is approaching an obstruction can result
in damage to the vehicle and/or objects, and can
potentially cause serious injury. Always inspect the
area with your own eyes. When reversing, perform
shoulder checks and use all mirrors. Park assist
does not detect children, pedestrians, bicyclists,
animals, or objects that are moving, protruding,
located too far above or below the sensors, or too
close or too far from the sensors. Park Assist is for
guidance purposes only and is not intended to
replace your own direct visual checks. It is not a
substitute for careful driving.
Visual and Audio Feedback
When you shift to Reverse, the Park Assist view displays
on the left side of the instrument panel, showing objects
that are in close proximity to the front and rear of
Model X. This view closes when you shift into Drive
unless an object is detected close to the front of
Model X, in which case the Park Assist view closes
automatically when your driving speed exceeds 5 mph
(8 km/h). When reversing, visual feedback also displays
on the touchscreen (see Rear Facing Camera(s) on page
85). You can manually close the park assist view on the
touchscreen by touching the X.
When driving with the Camera app displayed on the
touchscreen, you can switch to the Park Assist view
when driving at speeds below 5 mph (8 km/h). Touch
the button located in the upper left corner of the
Camera app screen. This is useful if you need assistance
The sensors are activated when driving slower than
with parallel parking.
5 mph (8 km/h).
If chimes are turned on (see Controlling Audible
Feedback on page 79), an audible beep sounds as you
approach an object. You can temporarily mute the chime
by touching the speaker icon on the bottom corner of
the Park Assist view.
78
Park Assist
NOTE: If a sensor is unable to provide feedback, the
• An object that is mounted to Model X is interfering
instrument panel displays an alert message.
with and/or obstructing the sensor (such as a bike
rack or bumper sticker).
CAUTION: Keep sensors clean from dirt, debris,
snow, and ice. Avoid using a high pressure power
• Model X rolls freely in the opposite direction you
washer on the sensors and do not clean a sensor
selected (for example, Park Assist does not display an
with a sharp or abrasive object that can scratch or
alert if Model X rolls backwards down a hill while in
damage its surface.
Drive).
CAUTION: Do not install accessories or stickers on
or near the parking sensors.
Other Parking Aids
Controlling Audible Feedback
In addition to Park Assist, when shifted into Reverse, the
backup camera displays a view of the area behind
You can use Park Assist with or without audible
Model X (see Rear Facing Camera(s) on page 85).
feedback. To turn chimes on or off, touch Controls >
Safety > Park Assist Chimes.
To mute the chimes temporarily, touch the speaker icon
in the bottom corner of the Park Assist view. The chimes
are muted until you shift or drive over 5 mph (8 km/h).
Limitations and False Warnings
The parking sensors may not function correctly in these
situations:
• One or more of the ultrasonic sensors or cameras is
damaged, dirty, or obstructed (such as by mud, ice,
or snow, or by a vehicle bra, excessive paint, or
adhesive products such as wraps, stickers, rubber
coating, etc.).
• The object is located below approximately 8 inches
(20 cm) (such as a curb or low barrier).
CAUTION: Shorter objects that are detected
(such as curbs or low barriers) can move into
the blind spot of the sensors. Model X cannot
alert you about an object while it is in the blind
spot of the sensors.
• Weather conditions (heavy rain, snow, or fog) are
interfering with sensor operation.
• The object is thin (such as a sign post).
• A sensor’s operating range has been exceeded.
• The object is sound-absorbing or soft (such as
powder snow).
• The object is sloped (such as a sloped embankment).
• Model X has been parked in, or being driven in,
extremely hot or cold temperatures.
• The sensors are affected by other electrical
equipment or devices that generate ultrasonic waves.
• You are driving in a location where the sensors'
ultrasonic waves are deflected away from the vehicle
(such as driving next to a wall or pillar).
• The object is located too close to the bumper.
• A bumper is misaligned or damaged.
Driving
79
Vehicle Hold
When Model X is stopped, Vehicle Hold can continue to
apply the brakes even after you remove your foot from
the brake pedal. When driving on a hill or on a flat
surface, brake as you normally would. After coming to a
complete stop, simply press the brake pedal again (until
the instrument panel displays the Vehicle Hold indicator
light) to enable Vehicle Hold. You can then release the
brake pedal and remain stopped, even on a hill.
This indicator displays on the instrument
panel whenever Vehicle Hold is actively
braking Model X.
To disengage Vehicle Hold, press the accelerator pedal
or press and release the brake pedal.
NOTE: Shifting into Neutral also disengages Vehicle
Hold.
NOTE: After actively braking Model X for approximately
ten minutes, Model X shifts into Park and Vehicle Hold
cancels. Model X also shifts into Park if it detects that
the driver has left the vehicle.
80
Acceleration Modes
Touch Controls > Pedals & Steering > Acceleration to
2. Wait for the instrument panel to indicate that the
choose a preferred acceleration mode:
vehicle is Peak Performance Ready.
3. With Model X shifted into Drive and at a complete
Chill limits acceleration for a slightly smoother and
stop, firmly hold the brake pedal with your left foot,
gentler ride.
then fully press the accelerator pedal.
NOTE: When Chill is selected, Chill displays on the
4. Once step 3 is complete, the front suspension begins
instrument panel, above the driving speed.
lowering into a "cheetah stance".
Sport provides the normal level of acceleration.
5. Wait for the instrument panel to indicate that Drag
Strip Mode is Ready to Launch.
Insane (called Plaid on performance vehicles) (if
equipped) provides access to the maximum level of
6. Once you see "Cheetah Stance Enabled" and "Ready
acceleration immediately available.
to launch" on the instrument panel, release the brake
pedal to launch the vehicle.
NOTE: Using the increased torque and power
available in Insane or Plaid mode can reduce range
and e…ciency.
NOTE: Insane or Plaid strives to keep the Battery
within an optimal temperature range. In addition to
heating the Battery, these settings also cool the
battery when necessary (for example, while driving at
high speeds, during rapid acceleration, driving for
long periods, etc.).
In addition, Model X features Drag Strip Mode. Using
Drag Strip Mode to precondition your Model X is useful
before a short distance race.
Drag Strip Mode
Drag Strip Mode preconditions the Battery and drive
unit to ideal operating temperatures for timed
acceleration. Model X stays in Drag Strip Mode for three
hours, even if you leave the vehicle. After three hours,
the feature times out to prevent unnecessary energy
consumption (for example, you leave the vehicle and
forget to cancel Drag Strip Mode).
When using Drag Strip Mode, Model X consumes more
energy to keep the Battery within an optimal
temperature range.
Cancel Drag Strip Mode at any time by toggling Drag
Strip Mode off.
NOTE: Drag Strip Mode automatically disables Slip Start
when enabled.
WARNING: Drag Strip Mode is designed for use on
closed circuit driving courses only. It is the driver’s
responsibility to ensure that driving style and
acceleration do not endanger or inconvenience
other road users.
How to Launch the Vehicle
The touchscreen provides visual instructions on how to
launch:
1. Touch Controls > Pedals & Steering > Drag Strip
Mode.
Driving
81
Trip Information
Displaying Trip Information
Trip information displays on the touchscreen when you
touch Controls > Trips. For the current trip, you can
display distance, duration and average energy usage.
You can also show distance and total and average
energy used since your last charge and for additional
trips.
To name or rename a trip, touch the trip's name, enter a
new name for the trip, then press Save. To reset a
particular trip meter, touch its associated Reset button.
Odometer
To display the odometer, touch Controls > Software or
open the mobile app.
82
Getting Maximum Range
Factors Affecting Energy
• Limit the use of resources such as heating and air
conditioning. Using seat and steering yoke heaters (if
Consumption
equipped) to keep warm is more e…cient than
heating the cabin using climate controls.
While driving:
• With your vehicle plugged in, use the mobile app to
precondition your vehicle to ensure the cabin is at a
• Elevated driving speed.
comfortable temperature and windows are defrosted
• Environmental conditions such as cold or hot weather
(if needed) before your drive by touching Climate >
and wind.
On and customizing your preferences (see Mobile
App on page 177).
• Using climate controls to heat or cool the cabin.
• Touch Schedule, available on both the charging and
• Uphill travel: Driving uphill requires more energy and
climate control screens, to set a time when you want
depletes range at a faster rate. However, driving
your vehicle to be ready to drive (see Scheduled
downhill allows your vehicle to regain a portion of its
Charging and Scheduled Departure on page 185).
expended energy through regenerative braking (see
Regenerative Braking on page 75).
• Ensure the wheels are aligned to specification, the
tires are kept at the recommended inflation pressures
• Short trips or stop-and-go tra…c: It takes energy to
(see Tire Care and Maintenance on page 190), and
bring the cabin and Battery to a specified
are rotated when needed (see Maintenance on page
temperature when starting the vehicle. You may see a
188).
higher average consumption when the vehicle is used
for very short trips or in heavy tra…c.
• Lighten your load by removing any unnecessary
cargo.
• Heavy cargo load.
• Fully raise all windows.
• Windows rolled down.
• Features such as Sentry Mode and Cabin Overheat
• Wheels and tires not maintained.
Protection can impact range. Disable features when
• Customized settings or third-party accessories (roof
not needed.
or trunk racks, third-party wheels).
• To prevent an excessive amount of energy
consumption while the vehicle is idle, keep the
While parked and not plugged in to a charger:
vehicle plugged in when not in use.
• Minimize the use of DC chargers (such as
• Preconditioning the cabin or using climate controls.
Superchargers) for optimal Battery health.
• Summon.
• Vehicle infotainment and climate controls system.
It is normal for estimated range to decrease slightly over
the first few months before leveling off. Over time, you
• Sentry mode.
may see a gradual, but natural, decrease in range at full
• Tesla or third-party mobile app requests.
charge - this depends on factors such as Supercharging
regularly or the mileage and age of the Battery. Your
Model X will inform you in the unlikely event a hardware
Tips to Maximize Range
issue is causing excessive Battery or range degradation.
You can maximize your driving range using the same
Range Assurance
driving habits you use to conserve fuel in a gasoline-
powered vehicle. To achieve maximum range:
The driving range displayed in Model X is an estimate of
the remaining battery energy based on EPA-rated
• Slow down your driving and avoid frequent and rapid
consumption. It may not account for your personal
acceleration. Consider using Chill Mode (touch
driving patterns or external conditions. The displayed
Controls > Pedals & Steering > Acceleration) and
range on the instrument panel may decrease faster than
Speed Assist (see Speed Assist on page 134) to
the actual distance driven.
assist in controlling your acceleration and speed.
• If safe to do so, modulate the accelerator pedal
NOTE: Rated driving range is based on EPA-rated
instead of using the brake pedal when gradually
consumption in the United States, which deviates from
slowing down. Whenever Model X is moving and you
tests advertised and performed in other jurisdictions.
are not pressing the accelerator pedal, regenerative
braking slows down the vehicle and feeds surplus
Model X helps protect you against running out of
energy back to the Battery (see Regenerative Braking
energy. Your vehicle continuously monitors its energy
on page 75).
level and proximity to known charging locations.
Driving
83
Getting Maximum Range
Touch Chargers in the Navigation search
bar to toggle between types of chargers,
including Superchargers and destination
charging sites.
When you are at risk of driving beyond the range of
known charging locations, the touchscreen displays a
message giving you the opportunity to display a list of
charging locations that are within range. When you
select a charging location from the list, Model X provides
navigation instructions and the turn-by-turn direction list
displays the predicted amount of energy that will remain
when you arrive at the charging destination.
Trip Planner (if available in your market region) routes
you through Supercharger locations to minimize the
amount of time you spend charging and driving. To
enable, touch Controls > Navigation > Trip Planner (see
Trip Planner on page 152).
84
Rear Facing Camera(s)
WARNING: Never depend on the cameras to
Camera Location
inform you if the area behind you is free of objects
and/or people. The cameras may not detect
Model X is equipped with a rear view camera located
objects or barriers that can potentially cause
above the rear license plate.
damage or injury. In addition, several external
factors can reduce the performance of the
cameras, including a dirty or obstructed lens.
Therefore, depending on the cameras to determine
if Model X is approaching an obstruction can result
in damage to the vehicle and/or objects and can
potentially cause serious injury. Always inspect the
area with your own eyes. When reversing, perform
shoulder checks and use all mirrors. Use the
cameras for guidance purposes only. It is not
intended to replace your own direct visual checks
and is not a substitute for careful driving.
Cleaning a Camera
To ensure a clear picture, the camera lens must be clean
and free of obstructions. Remove any build-up of dirt or
debris by spraying water onto the camera lens with a
spray bottle or pressure washer.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to remove dirt or debris
by wiping an exposed lens with your hands or a
cloth. This debris can damage the surface of the
lens when rubbed against it during wiping.
CAUTION: Do not use chemical-based or abrasive
cleaners. Doing so can damage the surface of the
lens.
Whenever you shift into Reverse, the touchscreen
displays the view from the camera. Lines show your
driving path based on the position of the steering yoke.
These lines adjust as you move the steering yoke.
Model X also displays images from the side cameras (if
equipped). Simply swipe up or down to hide or show the
side camera views.
NOTE: Visual feedback from the parking sensors also
appear on the instrument panel (see Park Assist on page
78).
To display the view from the rear view
cameras at any time, open the app
launcher and touch the Camera app.
Driving
85
Pedestrian Warning System
The Pedestrian Warning System (if equipped) causes
Model X to emit sound when driving below
approximately 19 mph (32 km/h) or while driving in
reverse. Electric vehicles operate quietly and this sound
helps to alert pedestrians of your oncoming vehicle. The
sound, which activates whenever Model X is shifted out
of Park, gets louder as speed increases.
WARNING: If sound cannot be heard, pedestrians
may not be aware of your oncoming vehicle, which
may increase the likelihood of a collision resulting
in serious injury or death. If the Pedestrian
Warning System is not operating, immediately
contact Tesla.
86
Towing and Accessories
The towing package allows you to tow a trailer with your
NOTE: When not in use, the hitch receiver should be
Model X. It also allows you to carry skis, snowboards,
removed and stored in a dry location to prevent rust and
bicycles, etc. by attaching an accessory carrier to the
corrosion. Keep the dust cover over the hitch housing to
hitch.
prevent dirt and debris from entering (see
Disconnecting the Tow Hitch on page 93).
Carrying Accessories
CAUTION: A carrier may obscure your view from
the rear view mirror, the rear camera(s), and/or the
rear ultrasonic sensors. In addition, some Autopilot
The Model X towing package has a 2" hitch receiver that
features may not function as expected.
can support an accessory carrier.
WARNING: Tesla assumes no responsibility for
The hitch receiver is designed to support vertical loads
damage or injuries resulting from installing and
of up to 120 lbs (54 kg). When carrying bicycles or other
using an accessory carrier, for any omissions in the
items on the Model X hitch, always check to ensure that
instructions accompanying an accessory carrier, or
the maximum weight is not exceeded. When calculating
for your failure to follow the instructions. Damage
weight, remember to include the weight of the
caused by using an accessory carrier is not
accessory carrier. For example, assuming the carrier
covered by the warranty.
weighs 40 lbs, the weight threshold is su…cient for
carrying two bicycles weighing approximately 40 lbs
each, or four bicycles weighing approximately 20 lbs
each.
CAUTION: The Model X hitch is designed to
support up to 120 lbs (54 kg). Exceeding this
maximum weight can cause significant damage.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to install a carrier on a
Model X that is not equipped with the towing
package. Doing so can cause significant damage.
To install and use an accessory carrier, the tow hitch
must be connected (see Connecting the Tow Hitch on
page 92). Then follow the instructions provided with
your accessory carrier. Observe all regulations and legal
requirements in your state/region that apply to carrying
accessories.
The Model X towing package includes the wiring
necessary for using an accessory carrier equipped with
lights (see Electrical Connections on page 94). The
package also includes Trailer Mode software (see Trailer
Mode on page 89).
When you connect an accessory carrier's
wiring harness, Model X detects a
connection for trailer lights and this
indicator illuminates on the instrument
panel. Trailer Mode is disabled.
When carrying accessories, periodically confirm that the
accessory carrier and its cargo remain secure at all
times, and if applicable, that the lights on the accessory
carrier are working.
NOTE: Go to www.tesla.com to purchase accessories for
your Model X. Although third-party products are
available, Tesla recommends and supports only Tesla-
approved products (see Parts and Accessories on page
205). The accessory products available for your Model X
vary based on market region. Before attempting to
install a non-Tesla carrier, review the product information
to ensure compatibility.
Driving
87
Towing and Accessories
Towing Capacity
The total trailer weight (including all cargo and additional equipment), and the trailer tongue weight, must never
exceed the following:
Tires
Maximum Towing Capacity*
Maximum Tongue Weight**
275/45R20 110 V / Y
SAE Class III - 500 lb (230 kg)
SAE Class III - 5000 lb (2300 kg)
285/35R22 106 W
SAE Class II - 350 lb (158 kg)
SAE Class II - 3500 lb (1588 kg)
*Tesla recommends a separate braking system on trailers with a loaded weight of over 1000 lbs (450 kg). The
braking system must be appropriate for the weight of the trailer. Follow the instructions provided by the trailer brake
manufacturer to ensure that trailer brakes are properly installed, adjusted, and maintained.
**The tongue weight is the downward force that the weight of the trailer exerts on the hitch. It must not be less than
10% of the trailer load. Carrying a significant amount of equipment, passengers, or cargo in the tow vehicle can
reduce the tongue weight it can handle, which also reduces the maximum towing capacity. Maximum towing
capacity is calculated assuming the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) is not exceeded. The GVWR is printed on
the Vehicle Certification Label (see Vehicle Certification Label on page 207).
NOTE: If the towing capacity on the hitch label conflicts with the information provided in this owner's manual, this
owner's manual takes precedence.
WARNING: Do not overload the vehicle or trailer. Doing so can cause poor performance, vehicle damage and
loss of vehicle control, resulting in serious injury.
WARNING: Do not use the trailer hitch to tow/transport Model X.
CAUTION: Tesla assumes no responsibility for damage or injuries resulting from towing a trailer, for any errors
or omissions in the instructions accompanying towing equipment, or for your failure to follow the proper
instructions. Damage caused by towing a trailer is not covered by the warranty.
88
Towing and Accessories
Tire Pressures when Towing
• Model X rests horizontally with the trailer attached. If
the vehicle is tipped up at the front, and down at the
rear, check that you are not exceeding the maximum
When towing a trailer, tire pressures must be adjusted to
towing capacity and tongue loads provided in
accommodate the additional load. Keep tires inflated to
Carrying Capacity.
the pressures shown below (these pressures override the
pressures that are provided on the Tire and Loading
• All trailer hitch parts and attachments , safety chains,
information label):
and electrical connectors are in good condition and
are properly connected. If any problems are apparent,
do not tow the trailer.
Front Tires
Rear Tires
Cold Tire Inflation Pressure
• Trailer lights (brake lights, turn signal lights, and
marker lights) are working properly.
255/45R20
275/45R20
46 psi (320 kPa)
• The trailer tongue is securely connected to the hitch
265/45R20
ball.
• Safety chains are properly connected between the
trailer and the tow vehicle. Cross the safety chains
265/35ZR22
285/35ZR22
50 psi (345 kPa)
under the tongue of the trailer to help prevent the
tongue from contacting the road if it separates from
the hitch. Leave enough slack in the safety chains to
WARNING: Check tire pressures using an accurate
allow for turns and ensure that the chains can never
pressure gauge when tires are cold. Driving one
drag on the ground.
mile (1.6 km) warms the tires su…ciently to affect
tire pressures. Parking the vehicle in direct sunlight
• All cargo is secured.
or in hot weather can also affect tire pressures. If
• Wheel chocks are available.
you must check warm tires, expect increased
• The trailer load is evenly distributed such that the
pressures. Do not let air out of warm tires in an
trailer tongue weight is approximately 10% of the
attempt to match recommended cold tire
total trailer weight, without exceeding the maximum
pressures. A hot tire at or below the recommended
tongue weights provided in Carrying Capacity.
cold tire inflation pressure is dangerously under-
inflated.
• If the trailer is equipped with a separate braking
system, check that the brakes work and are properly
WARNING: Never attempt to tow a trailer when a
adjusted. To provide safe stopping ability, you must
Model X tire is faulty or has been inflated using a
balance the trailer brakes with the vehicle brakes.
tire repair kit. A temporarily repaired tire is not
designed to sustain the towing load. Towing using
a faulty or temporarily repaired tire can result in
NOTE: For general information about trailer safety
tire failure and loss of vehicle stability.
provided by the National Highway Tra…c Safety
Administration, go to: http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/
problems/Equipment/towing/Towing.pdf.
Before Towing a Trailer
WARNING: The trailer tongue weight must be
approximately 10% of the total trailer weight
Before towing a trailer, you must do the following:
without exceeding the maximum tongue weights
provided in Carrying Capacity. Loads that are
• Inflate tires to the cold tire inflation pressure
balanced over the wheels or heavier in the rear can
specified in Tire Pressures when Towing.
cause trailer sway, resulting in loss of vehicle
• Ensure your vehicle's Adaptive Suspension Damping
control.
is set to Advanced, then set the Suspension height to
WARNING: Always ensure that cargo is secured in
Medium height (touch Controls > Suspension >
the trailer and will not shift. Dynamic load shifts
Medium).
can cause loss of vehicle control, resulting in
• Observe all regulations and legal requirements in
serious injury or death.
your state/region that apply to trailer towing. Failure
to comply with regulations can compromise your
Trailer Mode
safety.
• Adjust side mirrors to provide a clear rearward view
Trailer Mode must always be active when towing a trailer.
without a significant blind spot.
When you connect a trailer's electrical connection,
• Engage Trailer Mode (see Trailer Mode on page 89).
Model X automatically engages Trailer Mode. When you
disconnect the trailer's electrical connection, Trailer
Mode disengages. To engage or exit Trailer Mode
Confirm the following:
manually, touch Controls > Pedals & Steering > Trailer
Mode on the touchscreen. One of the following
indicators display on the instrument panel:
Driving
89
Towing and Accessories
Trailer Mode is active.
Trailer Brakes
When towing a loaded trailer that weighs more than
1000 lbs (450 kg), Tesla recommends that the trailer be
equipped with its own brake system adequate for the
weight of the trailer. Ensure compliance with local
Model X detects a connection for trailer
regulations. A brake controller must be purchased
lights but Trailer Mode is disabled. It is
separately, and the required 4-pin pigtail connector can
likely that a carrying accessory has been
be ordered from Tesla Service.
connected.
Follow these steps to connect a brake controller:
Model X detects a faulty electrical
connection for the trailer lights. Some, or
1. Connect the wiring on the brake controller to the
all, trailer lights may not be functioning.
appropriate locations on the 4-pin pigtail connector.
Pull over as soon as safety permits and
inspect the trailer lights for faulty cabling
or connections. If the issues are resolved
and the red icon still persists, turn Trailer
Mode off and on again.
Some Autopilot features (Autosteer, Summon, Lane
Assist, etc.), as well as rear parking sensor functionality,
may not be available when Trailer Mode is enabled. In
addition, some features may operate differently. For
example:
• Tra…c-Aware Cruise Control increases the following
distance from the car in front of you.
• The air suspension system will not make speed-based
adjustments from Medium to Low.
• The air suspension system does not automatically
raise ride height based on saved locations.
• Side collision warnings are active but automatic
steering interventions are disabled.
• The braking force provided by Automatic Emergency
Braking (see Collision Avoidance Assist on page 131)
is significantly limited.
WARNING: Do not rely on Model X to detect the
trailer and automatically engage Trailer Mode.
Always check that Trailer Mode is engaged before
towing a trailer.
1 - Brake control output to trailer
WARNING: Under no circumstances should you
2 - Ground
exit Trailer Mode when towing a trailer. Doing so
can cause serious injury and/or death.
3 - Brake On Signal
WARNING: Do not use the suspension setting to
appropriately match the height of the hitch with
4 - Low Voltage Power (20A)
the height of the trailer. You must choose a trailer
hitch and trailer that have the appropriate height
2. Remove the cover located under the dashboard in
for suitable axle loading and trailer balance.
the driver's side foot well.
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Towing and Accessories
WARNING: Never attempt to connect trailer brakes
directly to the vehicle braking system. Doing so
can cause damage to the vehicle and the trailer,
and can cause the braking system to malfunction,
resulting in serious injury or death.
Towing Guidelines
Model X is designed primarily as a passenger-carrying
vehicle. Towing a trailer puts additional load on the
motor(s), drive train, brakes, tires, and suspension and
significantly decreases range. If you decide to tow a
trailer, proceed with caution and follow these general
guidelines:
• Reduce your driving speed and avoid sudden
maneuvers. Keep in mind that when towing a trailer,
3. Peel back the carpet to expose Model X's 4-pin
steering, stability, turning radius, stopping distance
connector on the wiring harness.
and braking performance are different when
compared to driving without a trailer.
• Increase your following distance by maintaining at
least twice the distance from a vehicle ahead. This
helps to avoid situations that require heavy braking.
Sudden braking may result in skidding or jack-knifing,
and loss of control.
• Avoid sharp turns. Sharp turns can cause the trailer to
contact the vehicle and cause damage. Keep in mind
that the trailer wheels are closer to the inside of the
turn than the vehicle’s wheels. Therefore, make wider
turns to prevent the trailer from hitting curbs, road
signs, trees or other objects.
• Periodically check the trailer lights and turn signals to
confirm that bulbs are still working. When towing a
trailer, the turn signal arrows on the vehicle
instrument cluster flash as normal, even if the bulbs
on the trailer are burned out.
• Periodically confirm the cargo is secure.
4. Connect the pigtail connector to the vehicle wiring
connector.
• Periodically confirm the trailer brakes are working.
• Avoid parking on a grade (see Parking with a Trailer
WARNING: Towing increases your stopping
on page 91).
distance, even when the trailer is equipped with its
own braking system. When towing, increase your
• Regularly confirm that all towing components are
following distance and avoid situations that could
securely tightened.
potentially cause heavy braking. Failure to do so
can result in a collision.
Parking with a Trailer
WARNING: Observe all regulations and legal
requirements in your regional and national
Whenever possible, avoid parking on a grade. However,
jurisdictions that apply specifically to trailer towing
if parking on a grade is absolutely necessary, place
and brake requirements. Many regions require a
wheel chocks under the trailer wheels:
breakaway switch, located on the tongue of the
trailer, to activate the trailer brakes in the event
• One person presses and holds the brake pedal.
that the trailer separates from the vehicle. Failure
to comply with regulations can compromise your
• A second person places the wheel chocks under the
safety.
wheels on the downgrade side of the vehicle's tires.
WARNING: Follow the instructions provided by the
• When the chocks are in place, release the brake pedal
trailer brake manufacturer to ensure that trailer
and ensure the chocks hold the weight of the vehicle
brakes are properly installed, adjusted, and
and trailer.
maintained. Tesla is not responsible for damages
caused by incorrect installation of trailer braking
systems.
Driving
91
Towing and Accessories
NOTE: When testing chocks, ensure that Vehicle Hold
(see Vehicle Hold on page 80) is not engaged. If
Vehicle Hold is braking Model X, the Vehicle Hold
indicator light displays on the instrument panel. To
disengage Vehicle Hold, press and release the brake
pedal.
• Place the vehicle in Park.
WARNING: If parking on a grade is necessary,
always ensure that all trailer wheels have been
securely chocked. Failure to do so can result in
serious damage, injury, or death.
Trailer Sway Mitigation
When trailer sway is detected, the Model X electronic
NOTE: The maximum permissible rear overhang for the
stability control system attempts to apply the
coupling point is 47 inches (1186 mm).
appropriate amount of braking to minimize trailer sway.
NOTE: Always attach safety chains when towing. Cross
The instrument panel briefly displays the traction control
the chains under the trailer tongue and attach to the
system indicator. Pressing the brake pedal when the
trailer eyelets to ensure the security of the trailer load.
system is actively braking to mitigate trailer sway does
not cancel this automatic braking.
CAUTION: Always remove the ball mount before
installing or removing the hitch receiver from the
vehicle (see Attaching and Removing the Ball
Connecting the Tow Hitch
Mount on page 94).
The Model X towing package includes a weight-carrying
WARNING: You must use the Model X trailer hitch
when towing a trailer. Never attempt to attach a
hitch with a 2” x 2” removable hitch receiver. When not
different type of trailer hitch.
in use, the hitch receiver should be removed and stored
in a dry location to prevent rust and corrosion. Keep the
To install the trailer hitch receiver:
dust cover over the hitch housing to prevent dirt and
debris from entering.
1. Remove the dust cover from the hitch housing.
NOTE: Model X may have two push clips that secure
the dust cover to the vehicle. To open, use a sharp
The trailer hitch assembly is attached to the body of the
object, such as a flat screwdriver, to carefully pry the
vehicle with 8 nuts.
clips open. Remove the dust cover.
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Towing and Accessories
NOTE: Do not grasp the locking cylinder because it
needs to rotate freely.
5. Push the hitch into the hitch housing until the locking
cylinder rotates approximately 120° counter-
clockwise and automatically locks into the "Closed
Position". The green area on the locking cylinder
(above the white arrow) aligns with the white dot on
the housing.
6. Visually check to confirm that the hitch is fully
inserted into the housing. Try pulling down on the
hitch. The hitch should not drop when you pull down.
NOTE: If the hitch does not lock into the housing, it
falls out when you pull down on it.
7. Turn the key so the arrows align with the “locked”
marking on the locking cylinder.
8. Remove the key and store it in a safe place
(preferably inside the vehicle).
NOTE: The key can be removed only if the hitch is
locked. This indicates a proper connection. Do not
use the hitch if the key is not removed.
NOTE: Tesla recommends making a note of the key
2. Insert the key into the locking cylinder on the hitch,
code. You need this code if you lose the keys and
and turn the cylinder so the top of the key is aligned
need to order a replacement.
with the “unlocked” position.
3. Pull the locking cylinder out of the adapter
approximately 1/8" (0.5 cm), and turn clockwise until
the red marking on the cylinder aligns with the white
dot.
9. Close the dust cover to prevent dirt and debris from
entering the lock. For newer version with push clips,
reattach the dust cover, snap it in place and open the
push clips before pushing them in.
NOTE: To maintain the hitch, regularly grease its
surfaces with non-resinous grease.
Disconnecting the Tow Hitch
After towing, remove the hitch:
1. Insert the key and turn to align the top of the key
with the “unlocked” position.
2. While firmly holding the bottom of the hitch (to
WARNING: Be careful when turning the locking
prevent it from dropping to the ground), pull the
locking cylinder out approximately 1/8" (0.5 cm), and
cylinder. If it does not lock into the “Open
turn it clockwise until the red marking on the locking
Position”, it automatically retracts into its
original “Closed Position” and can pinch your
cylinder aligns with the white dot. At this point, the
fingers.
locking cylinder is locked in the "open" and the hitch
drops out of the housing.
4. Firmly grasp the hitch from the bottom and align the
triangular-shaped guides at the sides of the hitch
with the corresponding cutouts in the hitch housing.
Driving
93
Towing and Accessories
WARNING: Be careful when turning the locking
Electrical Connections
cylinder. If it does not lock into the “Open
Position”, it automatically retracts into its
Regulations require all trailers to be equipped with tail
original “closed" position and can pinch your
lights, brake lights, side marker lights, and turn signals.
fingers.
To provide power for trailer lighting, a built-in seven-way
wiring connector (SAE J560) is attached near the tow
3. Reinstall the dust cover on the hitch housing to
hitch. Most trailer wiring plugs can be attached to this
prevent dirt from accumulating inside the housing.
connector.
4. Close the dust cover on the hitch's locking cylinder
and store the hitch in a secure location.
Attaching and Removing the Ball
Mount
The Model X towing package does not include a ball
mount. You must purchase a ball mount suitable for the
type of trailer you are towing. The Model X hitch receiver
supports a ball mount up to 8” with a rise of up to 0.75”.
Do not use any type of drop ball mount.
1. Reverse Lights (Purple)
To attach a ball mount:
2. Low Voltage Power (Red or Black)
1. If necessary, remove the cotter pin from the locking
3. Right Turn Signal and Brake Light (Green)
bolt and slide the locking bolt out of the hitch
4. Brake Controller Output (Blue)
assembly.
5. Tail Lights and Running Lights (Brown)
2. Slide the ball holder into the hitch assembly.
6. Left Turn Signal and Brake Light (Yellow)
3. Align the hole in the ball holder with the one in the
hitch assembly.
7. Ground (White)
4. Slide the locking bolt through the hitch assembly/ball
NOTE: It is the driver's responsibility to ensure that all
holder.
electrical connections are working, and all trailer lights
5. Insert the cotter pin in the hole at the end of the
are operating before and during towing. Model X does
locking bolt.
not detect faulty trailer lights. You must perform manual
checks.
To remove a ball mount:
NOTE: Loss of trailer lights when towing may be the
result of a fault in the trailer wiring or excessive power
1. Remove the cotter pin from the locking bolt and slide
consumption by the lights connected to the trailer
the locking bolt out of the ball holder/hitch assembly.
output(s). When this occurs, a red Trailer Mode icon
appears on the touchscreen. Fix any issues with the
2. Pull the ball holder out of the hitch assembly.
wiring and/or reduce the number of lights connected to
the trailer output(s), then toggle Trailer Mode off and on
again.
94
Towing and Accessories
Plugging trailer wiring into the Model X electrical
connector automatically engages Trailer Mode (see
Trailer Mode on page 89).
WARNING: The brake controller output operates
only when a brake controller is installed (see Trailer
Brakes on page 90).
WARNING: Use only the electrical connection
designed by Tesla. Do not attempt to directly
splice or attempt to connect trailer electrical
wiring using any other method. Doing so can
damage the vehicle electrical system and cause
malfunctions.
CAUTION: Always ensure that the trailer electrical
cable does not contact or drag on the ground and
there is enough slack in the cable to allow for
turns.
Impact on Range
Towing a trailer and carrying accessories increases
vehicle weight and drag. As a result, driving range can
decrease significantly. Although Trip Planner attempts to
adjust estimates based on Trailer Mode, actual energy
consumption may vary. Plan trip length and charging
destinations accordingly.
Driving
95
Cold Weather Best Practices
To ensure that Model X provides you with the best
Mirrors
ownership experience possible in harsh cold weather
conditions, follow these best practices.
If ice buildup is expected when parking, turn off Auto-
Fold Mirrors. Touch Controls > Auto-Fold. Ice can
Before Driving
prevent exterior side mirrors from folding or unfolding.
When snow and ice accumulate on your vehicle, moving
NOTE: Side mirrors automatically heat as needed during
parts, such as the door handles, windows, mirrors, and
preconditioning, or when the rear defroster is turned on.
wipers can freeze in place. To achieve maximum range
and performance, it is helpful to warm the cabin and
Wipers
Battery before you leave. There are several ways to do
so:
If you expect snow or ice to build up when parked, touch
Controls > Service > Wiper Service Mode. This raises
• Touch Schedule, available on both the charging and
wipers against the windshield so they can defrost when
climate control screens, to set a time when you want
the windshield defrosts (see Wipers and Washers on
your vehicle to be ready to drive (see Scheduled
page 73). You can also turn on wiper defrosters (if
Charging and Scheduled Departure on page 185).
equipped). See Climate Controls on page 142.
• On the mobile app, navigate to Climate to customize
the temperature at which you want to heat the cabin.
Tires and Tire Chains
This also warms the high voltage Battery as needed.
• On the mobile app, navigate to Climate > Defrost Car
• Use winter tires to increase traction in snowy or icy
to melt snow, ice, and frost on the windshield,
conditions. You can purchase winter tires on http://
windows, and mirrors. This also warms the high
www.tesla.com (see Seasonal Tire Types on page
voltage Battery as needed.
194).
NOTE: Tesla recommends activating climate settings
• Tire chains provide additional traction when driving in
at least 30-45 minutes before departure (see Climate
snowy or icy conditions. Check local regulations to
Controls on page 142). Preconditioning times
determine if tire chains are recommended or required
depend on outside temperature and other factors.
during winter months. See Using Tire Chains on page
The Mobile App will notify you once your vehicle has
194 for more information.
reached the desired preconditioning temperature.
• In extremely cold weather or icy conditions, it is
Your vehicle’s tire pressures will drop in cold ambient
possible that your charge port latch may freeze in
temperatures. If the TPMS indicator light appears, inflate
place. In cases where you cannot remove or insert the
the tires before driving. The tires will lose one PSI for
charge cable, or the vehicle is not Supercharging due
every 10° F (6° C) drop in outside temperature (see Tire
to the latch being frozen in place, use the Defrost Car
Care and Maintenance on page 190). Proper tire
setting in the mobile app. This can help thaw ice on
pressures help protect tires from potholes and improve
the charge port latch so the charge cable can be
range when properly inflated.
removed or inserted.
• Warming the Battery using Scheduled Departure or
While Driving
the mobile app before driving can also reduce
charging time at a Supercharger or third party fast
Cold weather can increase energy consumption because
charger, especially if the Supercharger or third party
more power is required for driving, cabin and Battery
fast charger is close enough that Trip Planner (if
heating. Follow these suggestions to reduce energy
available in your market region) does not have
consumption:
su…cient time to precondition the Battery (see
Warming the Battery Before Supercharging on page
• Use seat heaters to keep warm. Seat heaters use less
97).
energy than the cabin heater. Lowering the cabin
temperature and using seat heaters reduces energy
consumption (see Climate Controls on page 142).
Windows
• Slow down your driving and avoid frequent and rapid
acceleration.
• On the mobile app, navigate to Climate > Defrost as
mentioned previously.
Regenerative Braking
• Use the mobile app to schedule a service
appointment for Tesla to provide hydrophobic
coating to your windows for a nominal fee.
Regenerative braking can be limited if the Battery is too
cold. As you continue to drive, the Battery warms up
and regenerative power increases (see Regenerative
Braking on page 75).
96
Cold Weather Best Practices
NOTE: Limited regenerative braking can be avoided if
Battery are warm by your set departure time. For more
you allow enough time to precondition your vehicle or if
information, see Scheduled Charging and Scheduled
you use Schedule to precondition Model X before your
Departure on page 185.
departure time (see Scheduled Charging and Scheduled
Departure on page 185).
Charge Port
Blue Snowflake Icon
• If your charge port latch freezes in place and a
charging cable becomes stuck in the charge port, try
A blue snowflake icon appears on your
manually releasing the charge cable. See Manually
instrument panel when some of the stored
Releasing Charge Cable on page 186.
energy in the Battery is unavailable because the
• Use the mobile app to precondition your vehicle to
Battery is cold. This portion of unavailable
help thaw ice on the charge port latch so that the
energy displays in blue on the Battery meter.
charge cable can be removed or inserted (see Mobile
Regenerative braking, acceleration, and charging
App on page 177).
rates may be limited. The snowflake icon no
longer displays when the Battery is su…ciently
NOTE: You can also prevent the occurrence of a charge
warm.
port latch freezing in place by using the Schedule
settings (see Scheduled Charging and Scheduled
Departure on page 185).
Warming the Battery Before
Supercharging
NOTE: If your charge port latch is frozen in place, it may
not lock the charging cable in place when inserted, but it
can still charge at a slow AC rate even if the latch is not
By using Trip Planner (if available in your market region)
engaged.
to navigate to a Supercharger, Model X pre-heats the
Battery to ensure when you arrive at the Supercharger,
the Battery temperature is optimal and ready to charge.
Storage
This reduces the amount of time it takes to charge. See
(see Trip Planner on page 152).
If you leave Model X parked for an extended period of
time, plug the vehicle into a charger to prevent normal
NOTE: Tesla recommends using Trip Planner to navigate
range loss and to keep the Battery at an optimal
to a Supercharger for at least 30-45 minutes before
temperature. Your vehicle is safe to stay plugged in for
arrival to ensure optimal Battery temperature and
any length of time.
charging conditions. If the drive to the Supercharger is
less than 30-45 minutes, consider preconditioning the
When not in use, Model X enters a sleep mode to
Battery prior to driving (see Before Driving on page 96).
conserve energy. Reduce the number of times you check
your vehicle’s status on the mobile app, as this
Autopilot
automatically wakes up your vehicle and starts normal
energy consumption.
To ensure optimal Autopilot performance, keep the
sensors free of snow, ice, mud, and dirt (see About
Autopilot on page 98).
After Driving
Leave Model X plugged in when not in use. This uses the
charging system, rather than the Battery itself, to keep
the Battery warm (see High Voltage Battery Information
on page 181).
Scheduled Departure
When parked, plug in Model X and use the Schedule
settings, available on both the charging and climate
control screens, to set a time when you want to
precondition Model X (see Scheduled Charging and
Scheduled Departure on page 185). Your vehicle
determines the appropriate time to begin charging so it
is complete during off-peak hours and the cabin and
Driving
97
About Autopilot
How It Works
Your Model X includes the following components that actively monitor the surrounding area:
1. A camera is mounted above the rear license plate.
2. Ultrasonic sensors are located in the front and rear bumpers.
3. A camera is mounted in each door pillar.
4. Three cameras are mounted to the windshield above the rear view mirror.
5. A camera is mounted to each front fender.
6. Radar (if equipped) is mounted behind the front bumper.
Model X is also equipped with high precision electronically-assisted braking and steering systems.
In addition, the cabin camera can determine driver inattentiveness and provide alerts when Autopilot is engaged. By
default, data from the camera does not leave the vehicle itself. In other words, data is not saved or transmitted
unless you enable data sharing. To enable data sharing, touch Controls > Software > Data Sharing > Allow Cabin
Camera Analytics. Cabin Camera Analytics helps Tesla continue to develop even safer vehicles in the future. See
Cabin Camera on page 135.
NOTE: Ensure all cameras and sensors (if equipped) are clean before each drive. See Cleaning Cameras and Sensors
on page 100 for more information. Dirty cameras and sensors, as well as environmental conditions such as rain and
faded lane markings, can affect Autopilot performance.
98
About Autopilot
When calibration is complete, Autopilot features are
Active Safety Features
available for use. Calibration typically completes after
driving 20-25 miles (32-40 km), but the distance varies
These Active Safety features are designed to increase
depending on road and environmental conditions. For
your safety:
example, calibration completes quicker when driving on
a straight road with multiple lanes (such as a controlled-
• Lane Assist (see Lane Assist on page 128)
access highway), with highly-visible lane markings (in
the driving lane as well as the adjacent lanes). Contact
• Collision Avoidance Assist (see Collision Avoidance
Assist on page 131)
Tesla only if your Model X has not completed the
calibration process after driving 100 miles (160 km) in
• Speed Assist (see Speed Assist on page 134)
the described conditions.
• Cabin Camera (see Cabin Camera on page 135)
If a camera has shifted from its calibrated position (for
example, the camera or windshield was replaced), you
You can enable/disable some of these features and in
must clear the calibration. To do so, touch Controls >
some cases, control how they work. To access settings
Service > Camera Calibration > Clear Calibration. When
for these features, touch Controls > Autopilot.
the calibration is cleared, Model X repeats the calibration
process. While this helps re-calibrate the cameras in
Autopilot Features
many cases, Clear Calibration may not resolve all
camera and sensor concerns.
NOTE: Depending on market region, vehicle
configuration, options purchased, and software version,
NOTE: To calibrate, cameras require highly-visible lane
your vehicle may not be equipped with all features listed
markings in both the driving lane and adjacent lanes (at
below, or a feature may not operate exactly as
least two lanes over on each side of the vehicle). For
described.
best results, drive in the middle lane of a multi-lane
highway (ideally with at least five lanes) that has clear
These Autopilot convenience features are designed to
lane markings and minimal tra…c.
reduce driver workload:
NOTE: If you attempt to use a feature that is not
available until the calibration process is complete, the
• Tra…c-Aware Cruise Control (see Tra…c-Aware
feature is disabled and the instrument panel displays a
Cruise Control on page 101)
message.
• Autosteer (see Autosteer on page 105)
NOTE: Model X must repeat the calibration process if
• Auto Lane Change (see Auto Lane Change on page
the cameras are serviced by Tesla, and in some cases,
107)
after a software update.
• Autopark (see Autopark on page 120)
Limitations
• Summon (see Summon on page 122)
• Smart Summon (Smart Summon on page 125)
Many factors can impact the performance of Autopilot
components, causing them to be unable to function as
• Stop Light and Stop Sign Warning (see Stop Light
intended. These include (but are not limited to):
and Stop Sign Warning on page 108)
• Navigate on Autopilot (see Navigate on Autopilot on
• Poor visibility (due to heavy rain, snow, fog, etc.).
page 110)
• Bright light (due to oncoming headlights, direct
• Tra…c Light and Stop Sign Control (see Tra…c Light
sunlight, etc.).
and Stop Sign Control on page 113)
• Damage or obstructions caused by mud, ice, snow,
etc.
You can enable/disable some of these features and in
some cases, control how they work. To access settings
• Interference or obstruction by object(s) mounted
associated with these features, touch Controls >
onto the vehicle (such as a bike rack).
Autopilot.
• Obstruction caused by applying excessive paint or
adhesive products (such as wraps, stickers, rubber
Drive to Calibrate Cameras
coating, etc.) onto the vehicle.
• Narrow or winding roads.
Model X must maneuver with precision when Autopilot
• A damaged or misaligned body panel.
features are being used. Therefore, before some features
can be used for the first time or after some types of
• Use of gray or aftermarket glass.
service repairs, cameras must complete a self-calibration
• Interference from other equipment that generates
process. For your convenience, the instrument panel
ultrasonic waves.
displays a progress indicator.
• Extremely hot or cold temperatures.
Autopilot
99
About Autopilot
CAUTION: If a windshield replacement is needed,
take your vehicle to Tesla Service. This ensures
appropriate handling and mounting of the
camera(s). Failure to do so can cause one or more
Autopilot features to malfunction.
WARNING: The list above does not represent an
exhaustive list of situations that may interfere with
proper operation of Autopilot components. Never
depend on these components to keep you safe. It
is the driver's responsibility to stay alert, drive
safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all times.
WARNING: Advanced safety features may not be
available during the calibration period.
WARNING: Re-calibrating the cameras or sensors
on the touchscreen is not a substitute for checking
the physical positioning and condition of these
components. Walk around your vehicle and inspect
the cameras and sensors for physical damage.
Incorrectly calibrated or positioned cameras and
sensors may limit or disable the use of safety
features. Contact Tesla if you suspect lingering
issues.
Cleaning Cameras and Sensors
To ensure the various Autopilot components can provide
information that is as accurate as possible, keep them
clean and free of obstructions, condensation, or damage
(see Cleaning on page 196).
Condensation can form inside the camera enclosures,
especially if you park your vehicle outside in cold or wet
conditions. The instrument cluster may display an alert
stating that a camera is blocked and that some or all
Autopilot features may be temporarily restricted until
the camera vision is clear. To proactively dry the
condensation, precondition the cabin by setting it to a
warm temperature, turning the windshield defroster on,
and directing the front air vents toward the door pillars
(see Mobile App on page 177).
CAUTION: Do not wipe an exposed lens with your
hands or a cloth in an attempt to remove dirt or
debris. The debris can damage the surface of the
lens when wiped.
CAUTION: Do not use chemical-based or abrasive
cleaners. Doing so can damage surfaces.
CAUTION: Do not clean an ultrasonic sensor or
camera lens with a sharp or abrasive object that
can scratch or damage its surface.
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