Opel Zafira (2020 year). Manual in english - page 10

 

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Opel Zafira (2020 year). Manual in english - page 10

 

 

Driving and operating
203
dazzle caused by headlamps of
Diesel fuel that meets standard
Fuel
oncoming vehicles, low sun,
EN16734 mixed with a biofuel that
reflections on damp roads,
meets standard EN14214 (possibly
Fuel for diesel engines
leaving a tunnel, alternating
containing up to 10% Fatty Acid
shade and light etc.
The Diesel engines are compatible
Methyl Ester)
with bio-fuels that conform to current
windscreen area in front of the
and future European standards and
camera covered by dirt, snow,
and can be obtained from filling
stickers etc.
stations:
no lane markings detected or
multiple lane markings due to
roadworks
close vehicles ahead
Paraffinic Diesel fuel that meets
winding roads or narrow roads
standard EN15940 mixed with a
biofuel that meets standard
EN14214 (possibly containing up to
Diesel fuel that meets standard
7% Fatty Acid Methyl Ester).
EN590 mixed with a biofuel that
meets standard EN14214 (possibly
containing up to 7% Fatty Acid Methyl
Ester)
The use of B20 or B30 fuel meeting
standard EN16709 is possible.
However, this use, even occasional,
requires strict application of the
special servicing conditions referred
to as "Arduous conditions".
204
Driving and operating
For more information, contact a
and may cause engine stalling, poor
the filling stations are marked with
dealer or a qualified workshop.
starting or damage on the fuel
these symbols. Refuel only the
injection system.
allowed fuel type.
Caution
Caution
Refuelling
The use of any other type of (bio)
fuel (vegetable or animal oils, pure
In case of misfuelling, do not
9 Danger
or diluted, domestic fuel etc.) is
switch on ignition.
strictly prohibited (risk of damage
Before refuelling, switch off
to the engine and fuel system).
Fuel filler flap is located at left rear
ignition and any external heaters
side of vehicle.
with combustion chambers.
Note
The only Diesel additives authorised
Follow the operating and safety
for use are those that meet the
instructions of the filling station
B715000 standard.
when refuelling.
Low temperature operation
9 Danger
At temperatures below 0 °C, some
diesel products with biodiesel blends
Fuel is flammable and explosive.
may clog, freeze or gel, which may
No smoking. No naked flames or
affect the fuel supply system. Starting
sparks.
and engine operation may not work
If a smell of fuel can be noticed
properly. Make sure to fill winter
inside the vehicle, have the cause
grade diesel fuel at ambient
of this remedied immediately by a
temperatures below 0 °C.
If the vehicle is equipped with an
workshop.
Arctic grade diesel fuel can be used
electronic key system, the fuel filler
in extreme low temperatures below
flap can only be opened if the vehicle
A label with symbols at the fuel filler
-20 °C. Using this fuel grade in warm
is unlocked. Depending on the
flap is indicating the allowed fuel
or hot climates is not recommended
types. In Europe the pump nozzles of
Driving and operating
205
version, release the fuel filler flap by
After the automatic cut-off, the tank
Trailer hitch
pushing the flap or pulling at the right
can be topped up by operating the
bottom corner.
pump nozzle a maximum of two more
General information
times.
Depending on the version, place the
Only use towing equipment that has
key in the lock and unlock the cap.
been approved for the vehicle.
Caution
To open, turn the cap slowly
Entrust retrofitting of towing
anticlockwise.
Wipe off any overflowing fuel
equipment to a workshop. It may be
immediately.
necessary to make changes that
affect the cooling system, heat
To close, turn the fuel filler cap
shields or other equipment.
clockwise until it clicks.
Close the flap and allow it to engage.
Driving characteristics and
towing tips
Fuel filler cap
Before attaching a trailer, lubricate
Only use genuine fuel filler caps.
the coupling ball. However, do not do
Diesel-engined vehicles have special
so if a stabiliser, which acts on the
fuel filler caps.
coupling ball, is being used to reduce
snaking movements.
The fuel filler cap can be attached to
During trailer towing do not exceed a
the hook on the fuel filler flap.
speed of 80 km/h. A maximum speed
of 100 km/h is only appropriate if an
Place the nozzle in straight position to
oscillation damper is used and the
the filler neck and press with slight
permissible gross trailer weight does
force to insert.
not exceed the vehicle’s curb weight.
To refuel, switch on pump nozzle.
206
Driving and operating
For trailers with low driving stability
By driving uphill, the temperature of
becoming thinner, therefore reducing
and caravan trailers, the use of an
the coolant is increased. To reduce
climbing ability, the permissible gross
oscillation damper is strongly
heating, drive at a reduced speed and
train weight also decreases by 10%
recommended.
pay attention to the coolant
for every 1000 metres of altitude. The
temperature. If the control indicator
gross train weight does not have to be
If the trailer starts snaking, drive more
2 of the engine coolant temperature
reduced when driving on roads with
slowly, do not attempt to correct the
gauge illuminates, stop the vehicle
slight inclines (less than 8%, e.g.
steering and brake sharply if
and switch off engine as soon as
motorways).
necessary.
possible.
The permissible gross train weight
When driving downhill, drive in the
must not be exceeded. This weight is
same gear as if driving uphill and
drive at a similar speed.
Trailer towing
specified on the identification plate
3 264.
If the outside temperature exceeds
Trailer loads
When distributing the loads in the
37 °C, reduce the load on the trailer
trailer, heavy objects should be
to protect the engine of the vehicle.
The permissible trailer loads are
placed as close as possible to the
vehicle and engine-dependent
At high outside temperatures it is
axle.
maximum values which must not be
recommended to leave the engine
exceeded. The actual trailer load is
running for one or two minutes after
Vertical coupling load
the difference between the actual
having stopped the vehicle in order to
gross weight of the trailer and the
The vertical coupling load is the load
faciliate cooling.
actual coupling socket load with the
exerted by the trailer on the coupling
Adjust tyre pressure to the value
trailer coupled.
ball. It can be varied by changing the
specified for full load 3 271.
The permissible trailer loads are
weight distribution when loading the
Towing a trailer increases the braking
trailer.
specified in the vehicle documents. In
distance of the vehicle. To limit the
general, they are valid for gradients
The maximum permissible vertical
heating of the brakes, it is
up to 12%.
coupling load is specified on the
recommended to use the braking
The permissible trailer load applies
towing equipment identification plate
effect of the engine.
up to the specified incline and at sea
and in the vehicle documents.
level. Since engine power decreases
as altitude increases due to the air
Driving and operating
207
Always aim for the maximum vertical
Fitting the coupling ball bar
2. Insert the coupling ball bar into the
coupling load, especially in the case
opening and push firmly up to the
of heavy trailers. The vertical coupling
stop.
load should never fall below 25 kg.
Rear axle load
When the trailer is coupled and the
towing vehicle fully loaded, the
permissible rear axle load (see
identification plate or vehicle
documents) may be exceeded by
60 kg, the gross vehicle weight rating
must not be exceeded. If the
permissible rear axle load is
1. Swivel the connecting socket
exceeded, a maximum speed of
downwards. Take off the cap.
100 km/h applies.
3. Insert the plug lock in the opening
and lock it with the
Towing equipment
corressponding key.
Depending on version the vehicle can
4. Put on the cap.
be fitted with a detachable or a fixed
5. Attach the trailer.
coupling ball bar.
Type A
Caution
When operating without a trailer,
remove the coupling ball bar.
208
Driving and operating
9 Warning
Towing a trailer is permitted only
when a coupling ball bar is fitted
correctly. If the coupling ball bar
does not engage correctly, seek
the assistance of a workshop.
Dismounting coupling ball bar
1. Disconnect the trailer plug.
2. Unfasten the breakaway stopping
cable.
6. Connect the trailer plug to the
5. Insert the key in the plug lock,
socket.
3. Remove the trailer.
unlock it and remove it from the
opening.
7. Attach the breakaway stopping
4. Take off the cap.
cable to the eye on the carrier.
Driving and operating
209
6. Move 1 to left and hold it pressed,
Type C
3. Swivel the connecting socket
push 2 to the back and remove the
downwards.
coupling ball.
4. Attach the trailer, close the towing
7. Swivel the connecting socket
ring and fix the splint.
upwards. Put on the cap.
Type B
1. Swivel the connecting socket
downwards.
2. Attach the trailer.
1. Remove the safety splint.
5. Connect the trailer plug to the
socket and attach the breakaway
stopping cable to the eye on the
carrier.
Type D
1. Swivel the connecting socket
3. Connect the trailer plug to the
downwards.
socket and fasten the breakaway
stopping cable to the eye on the
2. Attach the trailer.
carrier.
2. Pull the lever and open the towing
ring.
210
Driving and operating
3. Connect the trailer plug to the
socket and fasten the breakaway
stopping cable to the eye on the
carrier.
Trailer stability assist
If the system detects snaking
movements, engine power is reduced
and the vehicle / trailer combination is
selectively braked until the snaking
ceases. While system is working keep
steering wheel as still as possible.
Trailer stability assist is a function of
the Electronic Stability Control 3 171.
Vehicle care
211
Number plate light
230
Interior care
255
Vehicle care
Interior lights
230
Floor mats
256
Electrical system
231
Fuses
231
General Information
212
Engine compartment fuse box . 232
Accessories and vehicle
Instrument panel fuse box
232
modifications
212
Vehicle tools
234
Vehicle storage
212
Tools
234
End-of-life vehicle recovery
213
Wheels and tyres
237
Vehicle checks
213
Winter tyres
237
Performing work
213
Tyre designations
237
Bonnet
214
Tyre pressure
237
Engine oil
214
Tyre deflation detection
Engine coolant
215
system
238
Washer fluid
216
Tread depth
239
Brakes
216
Changing tyre and wheel size . 240
Brake fluid
216
Wheel covers
240
Vehicle battery
217
Tyre chains
240
Diesel fuel system bleeding
219
Tyre repair kit
241
Wiper blade replacement
219
Wheel changing
244
Bulb replacement
220
Spare wheel
245
Halogen headlights
220
Jump starting
250
Xenon headlights
223
Towing
251
Front fog lights
224
Towing the vehicle
251
Front turn lights
225
Towing another vehicle
252
Tail lights
226
Side turn lights
228
Appearance care
253
Centre high-mounted brake
Exterior care
253
light
229
212
Vehicle care
General Information
Vehicle storage
Caution
Storage for a long period of time
Accessories and vehicle
When transporting the vehicle on
modifications
a train or on a recovery vehicle, the
If the vehicle is to be stored for several
mud flaps might be damaged.
months:
We recommend the use of genuine
parts and accessories and factory
Wash and wax the vehicle.
Cold protection covers
approved parts specific for your
Have the wax in the engine
vehicle type. We cannot assess or
In order to prevent the accumulation
compartment and underbody
guarantee reliability of other products
of snow at the radiator cooling fan, it
checked.
- even if they have a regulatory or
is recommended to install removable
Clean and preserve the rubber
otherwise granted approval.
protection covers.
seals.
Any modification, conversion or other
The protection covers must be
Fill up fuel tank completely.
changes made to standard vehicle
professionally installed, consult a
specifications (including, without
Change the engine oil.
workshop.
limitation, software modifications,
Drain the washer fluid reservoir.
modifications of the electronic control
Caution
Check the coolant antifreeze and
units) may invalidate the warranty
corrosion protection.
offered by Opel. Furthermore, such
The protection covers must be
Adjust tyre pressure to the value
changes may affect driver assistance
removed when one of the
specified for full load.
systems, may impact fuel
following conditions occurs:
consumption, CO2 emissions and
Park the vehicle in a dry, well
● The ambient temperature is
other emissions of the vehicle and
ventilated place. Engage first or
above 10 °C.
cause the vehicle to no longer
reverse gear or set selector lever
● When the vehicle is towed.
to P. Prevent the vehicle from
conform to the operating permit,
impacting the validity of your vehicle
● The vehicle is driven at speeds
rolling.
registration.
above 120 km/h.
Do not apply the parking brake.
Vehicle care
213
● Open the bonnet, close all doors
End-of-life vehicle recovery
Vehicle checks
and lock the vehicle.
Information on end-of-life vehicle
● Disconnect the clamp from the
recovery centres and the recycling of
Performing work
negative terminal of the vehicle
end-of-life vehicles is available on our
battery. Note that all systems are
website, where legally required. Only
not functional, e.g. anti-theft
entrust this work to an authorised
alarm system.
recycling centre.
Putting back into operation
When the vehicle is to be put back into
operation:
● Connect the clamp to the
negative terminal of the vehicle
battery. Initialize the power
windows 3 42.
● Check tyre pressure.
● Fill up the washer fluid reservoir.
9 Warning
● Check the engine oil level.
Only perform engine compartment
● Check the coolant level.
checks when the ignition is off.
● Fit the number plates if
The cooling fan may start
necessary.
operating even if the ignition is off.
214
Vehicle care
Closing
9 Danger
Before closing the bonnet, press the
The ignition system uses
support into the holder.
extremely high voltage. Do not
Lower the bonnet and let it fall into the
touch.
latch from a low height (20-25 cm).
Check that the bonnet is engaged.
Bonnet
Caution
Opening
Do not press the bonnet into the
Open the driver's door.
latch to avoid dents.
Push the safety catch upwards and
Engine oil
open the bonnet.
Check the engine oil level manually
on a regular basis to prevent damage
to the engine. Ensure that the correct
specification of oil is used.
Recommended fluids and lubricants
3 262.
The maximum engine oil
consumption is 0.6 l per 1000 km.
Check with the vehicle on a level
Pull the release lever and return it to
surface. The engine must be at
its original position.
operating temperature and switched
off for at least 5 minutes.
Secure the bonnet support.
Vehicle care
215
Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean,
Caution
reinsert it fully, pull out and read the
engine oil level.
Overfilled engine oil must be
drained or suctioned out. If the oil
exceeds the maximum level, do
not start the vehicle and contact a
workshop.
Capacities 3 270.
Fit the cap on straight and tighten it.
Different dipsticks are used
Engine coolant
depending on engine variant.
The factory filled coolant provides
freeze protection down to approx.
-37 °C.
When the engine oil level has
dropped to the MIN mark, top up the
Caution
engine oil.
We recommend the use of the same
Only use approved antifreeze.
grade of engine oil that was used at
last change.
Coolant and antifreeze 3 262.
The engine oil level must not exceed
the MAX mark on the dipstick.
Coolant level
Caution
Too low a coolant level can cause
engine damage.
216
Vehicle care
the coolant concentration checked
Washer fluid 3 262.
and have the cause of the coolant
loss remedied by a workshop.
Brakes
In the event of minimum thickness of
Washer fluid
the brake lining, a squealing noise
sounds during braking.
Continued driving is possible but
have the brake lining replaced as
soon as possible.
Once new brake linings are installed,
do not brake unnecessarily hard for
the first few journeys.
If the cooling system is cold, the
coolant level should be above the
MIN mark. Top up if the level is low.
Brake fluid
9 Warning
9 Warning
Allow the engine to cool before
Fill with clean water mixed with a
Brake fluid is poisonous and
opening the cap. Carefully open
suitable quantity of approved
corrosive. Avoid contact with eyes,
the cap, relieving the pressure
windscreen washer fluid which
skin, fabrics and painted surfaces.
slowly.
contains antifreeze.
To top up, use a 1:1 mixture of
Caution
released coolant concentrate mixed
with clean tap water. If no coolant
Only washer fluid with a sufficient
concentrate is available, use clean
antifreeze concentration provides
tap water. Install the cap tightly. Have
protection at low temperatures or
a sudden drop in temperature.
Vehicle care
217
When the vehicle battery is being
replaced, please ensure that there
are no open ventilation holes in the
vicinity of the positive terminal. If a
ventilation hole is open in this area, it
must be closed off with a dummy cap,
and the ventilation in the vicinity of the
Batteries do not belong in household
negative terminal must be opened.
waste. They must be disposed of at
Ensure that the battery is always
an appropriate recycling collection
replaced by the same type of battery.
point.
The vehicle battery has to be
Laying up the vehicle for more than
replaced by a workshop.
four weeks can lead to battery
The brake fluid level must be between
discharge. Disconnect the clamp from
Stop-start system 3 157.
the DANGER and MAX marks.
the negative terminal of the vehicle
If fluid level is below DANGER, seek
battery.
Charging the vehicle battery
the assistance of a workshop.
Ensure the ignition is switched off
Brake and clutch fluid 3 262.
before connecting or disconnecting
9 Warning
the vehicle battery.
On vehicles with stop-start
Battery discharge protection 3 138.
Vehicle battery
system, ensure that the charging
The vehicle battery is maintenance-
potential does not exceed 14.6 V
Replacing the vehicle battery
free provided that the driving profile
when using a battery charger.
allows sufficient charging of the
Note
Otherwise the vehicle battery may
battery. Short-distance-driving and
Any deviation from the instructions
be damaged.
frequent engine starts can discharge
given in this section may lead to
the battery. Avoid the use of
temporary deactivation or
Jump starting 3 250.
unnecessary electrical consumers.
disturbance of the stop-start system.
218
Vehicle care
Discharge protection
Warning label
further information.
Battery voltage
● Explosive gas may be present in
When the vehicle battery voltage is
the vicinity of the vehicle battery.
running low, a warning message will
appear in the Driver Information
Heating functionalities
Centre.
Note
When the vehicle is being driven, the
Individual heating functionalities,
load reduction function temporarily
such as heated seats or heated
deactivates certain functions, such as
steering wheel, may be temporarily
the air conditioning, the heated rear
unavailable in the event of electrical
window, heated steering wheel, etc.
loading constraints. Functions will
The deactivated functions are
be resumed after some minutes.
reactivated automatically as soon as
Meaning of symbols:
Power saving mode
conditions permit.
● No sparks, naked flames or
This mode deactivates electrical
Idle boost
smoking.
consumers to avoid excessive
If charging of the vehicle battery is
● Always shield eyes. Explosive
discharging of the vehicle battery.
required due to battery condition, the
gases can cause blindness or
These consumers, such as the
power output of the generator must
injury.
Infotainment system, windscreen
be increased. This will be achieved by
wipers, low beam headlights,
● Keep the vehicle battery out of
an idle boost which may be audible.
courtesy light, etc. can be used for a
reach of children.
A message appears in the Driver
total maximum time of about
● The vehicle battery contains
Information Centre.
40 minutes after ignition is switched
sulphuric acid which could cause
off.
Power outlet
blindness or serious burn
The power outlets are deactivated in
injuries.
the event of low vehicle battery
voltage.
Vehicle care
219
Deactivating power saving mode
Engines DW10FEU, DW10FD,
6. Close the bonnet.
Power saving mode is deactivated
DW10FDCU, DW10F
automatically when the engine is
Wiper blade replacement
1. Switch on the ignition.
restarted. Run the engine for a
sufficient charge:
2. Wait 6 seconds and switch off the
Windscreen
ignition.
● for less than 10 minutes to use
the consumers for approx.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 for ten times.
5 minutes
4. Try to start the engine.
● for more than 10 minutes to use
If the engine does not start after a
the consumers for up to approx.
short time, repeat the procedure.
30 minutes
Engine DV6DU
Diesel fuel system bleeding
1. Open the engine bonnet.
If the tank has been run dry, the diesel
2. If necessary, unclip the engine
fuel system must be bled. The
style cover to access the priming
bleeding procedure differs between
pump.
the engine types 3 268. Fuel up with
3. Operate the priming pump
at least five litres of diesel before
Switch off the ignition.
repeatedly until resistance is felt
starting the bleeding procedure.
(there may be resistance at the first
Within 1 minute after switching off the
press).
ignition, operate the wiper lever to
Engines DV5RUCd, DV5RUC
positon the wiper blades vertically on
4. Try to start the engine. If the engine
1. Switch on the ignition.
the windscreen.
does not start after a short time, wait
2. Wait 1 minute and switch off the
around 15 seconds before trying
Lift the wiper arm until it stays in the
ignition.
again. If the engine does not start
raised position, disengage and
after a few attempts, repeat step 3
remove the wiper blade.
3. Try to start the engine.
and try again to start the engine.
Attach the wiper blade to the wiper
If the engine does not start after a
5. Put the engine style cover in place
arm and push until it engages.
short time, repeat the procedure.
and clip it in.
220
Vehicle care
Lower the wiper arm carefully.
Bulb replacement
Rear window
Switch off the ignition and switch off
the relevant switch or close the doors.
Only hold a new bulb at the base. Do
not touch the bulb glass with bare
hands.
Use only the same bulb type for
replacement.
Replace headlight bulbs from within
the engine compartment.
Low beam bulb sits in outer chamber
Bulb check
(2)
After a bulb replacement switch on
High beam bulb sits in inner chamber
Lift the wiper arm. Disengage the
the ignition, operate and check the
(1)
wiper blade as shown in the
lights.
Parking light bulb sits in inner
illustration and remove.
chamber (1)
Attach the wiper blade slightly angled
Halogen headlights
Daytime running light bulb sits in
to the wiper arm and push until it
Front turn lights 3 225.
outer chamber (2)
engages.
Illustrations show the right headlight
Lower the wiper arm carefully.
unit.
Vehicle care
221
Low beam
High beam
3. Detach the bulb from the bulb
socket and replace the bulb.
1. Remove the protective cover.
1. Remove the protective cover.
4. Insert the bulb socket into the
reflector housing.
5. Fit the cover.
2. Press latch and remove the bulb
2. Press latch and remove the bulb
socket from reflector housing.
socket from reflector housing.
222
Vehicle care
Withdraw the bulb holder from the
Parking light
2. Press the clips on the bulb socket
reflector housing.
to disengage and withdraw socket
from the reflector.
1. Remove the protective cover.
3. Detach the bulb from the bulb
socket and replace the bulb.
3. Remove the bulb from the socket
by pulling.
4. Insert the bulb socket into the
reflector housing.
4. Replace and insert the new bulb
into the socket.
5. Fit the cover.
5. Insert the bulb socket into the
housing.
Vehicle care
223
Daytime running light
2. Press the clips on the bulb socket
Xenon headlights
to disengage and withdraw socket
Front turn lights 3 225.
from the reflector.
Illustrations show the right headlight
unit.
1. Remove the protective cover.
3. Remove the bulb from the socket
by pulling.
4. Replace and insert the new bulb
Low beam bulb sits in outer chamber
into the socket.
(2)
5. Insert the bulb socket into the
High beam bulb sits in inner chamber
housing.
(1)
Daytime running light with LEDs
The daytime running light unit in the
lower bumper area is designed with
LEDs. In case of defective LEDs,
have them replaced by a workshop.
224
Vehicle care
Low beam
3. Detach the bulb from the bulb
socket and replace the bulb.
9 Danger
4. Insert the bulb socket into the
reflector housing.
Xenon headlights work under
5. Fit the cover.
extremely high electrical voltage.
Do not touch. Have bulbs replaced
by a workshop.
Front fog lights
High beam
2. Press latch and remove the bulb
socket from reflector housing.
Withdraw the bulb holder from the
reflector housing.
1. Unscrew and remove the
underfloor cover.
1. Remove the protective cover.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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