Opel Grandland X (2018 year). Manual - part 9

 

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Opel Grandland X (2018 year). Manual - part 9

 

 

134

Climate control

Fixed air vents

Additional air vents are located

beneath the windscreen and door

windows and in the foot wells.

Glovebox cooler

The air conditioning system can also

keep the contents of the glovebox

cool.

Move the slider back and forth in

order to enable or disable glovebox

cooling.

Maintenance

Air intake

The air intake in front of the

windscreen in the engine

compartment must be kept clear to

allow air intake. Remove any leaves,

dirt or snow.

Pollen filter

The pollen filter cleans dust, soot,

pollen and spores from the air

entering the vehicle through the air

intake.

Air conditioning regular

operation

In order to ensure continuously

efficient performance, cooling must

be operated for a few minutes once a

month, irrespective of the weather

and time of year. Operation with

cooling is not possible when the

outside temperature is too low.

Service

For optimal cooling performance, it is

recommended to annually check the

climate control system, starting

three years after initial vehicle

registration, including:

● functionality and pressure test
● heating functionality
● leakage check
● check of drive belts
● cleaning of condenser and

evaporator drainage

● performance check

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Driving and operating

135

Driving and

operating

Driving hints ............................... 136

Control of the vehicle ............... 136

Steering ................................... 136

Starting and operating ............... 136

New vehicle running-in ............ 136

Ignition switch positions ........... 136

Power button ........................... 137

Power saving mode ................. 138

Starting the engine .................. 139

Overrun cut-off ........................ 140

Stop-start system .................... 141

Parking .................................... 143

Engine exhaust .......................... 144

Diesel particle filter .................. 144

Catalytic converter ................... 145

AdBlue ..................................... 145

Automatic transmission .............. 148

Transmission display ............... 148

Selector lever .......................... 149

Manual mode ........................... 150

Electronic driving programmes 150

Fault ........................................ 150

Interruption of power supply .... 151

Manual transmission .................. 151
Brakes ........................................ 152

Antilock brake system ............. 152

Parking brake .......................... 153

Brake assist ............................. 154

Hill start assist ......................... 154

Ride control systems ................. 155

Electronic Stability Control and

Traction Control system ......... 155

Selective ride control ............... 156

Sport mode .............................. 158

Driver assistance systems ......... 159

Cruise control .......................... 159

Speed limiter ........................... 162

Adaptive cruise control ............ 164

Forward collision alert ............. 170

Active emergency braking ....... 172

Front pedestrian protection ..... 175

Parking assist .......................... 176

Advanced parking assist ......... 179

Side blind spot alert ................. 183

Panoramic view system ........... 185

Rear view camera ................... 188

Lane departure warning .......... 190

Lane keep assist ..................... 191

Driver alert ............................... 193

Fuel ............................................ 194

Fuel for petrol engines ............. 194

Fuel for diesel engines ............ 195

Refuelling ................................ 196

Fuel consumption - CO

2

-

Emissions ............................... 197

Trailer hitch ................................ 198

General information ................. 198

Driving characteristics and

towing tips .............................. 198

Trailer towing ........................... 199

Towing equipment ................... 199

Trailer stability assist ............... 202

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136

Driving and operating

Driving hints

Control of the vehicle

Never coast with engine not

running

Many systems will not function in this

situation (e.g. brake servo unit, power

steering). Driving in this manner is a

danger to yourself and others.
All systems function during an

Autostop.
Stop-start system 3 141.

Idle boost

If charging of the vehicle battery is

required due to battery condition, the

power output of the generator must

be increased. This will be achieved by

an idle boost which may be audible.
A message appears in the Driver

Information Centre.

Pedals

To ensure the pedal travel is

uninhibited, there must be no mats in

the area of the pedals.

Use only floor mats, which fit properly

and are fixed by the retainers on the

driver side.

Steering

If power steering assist is lost

because the engine stops or due to a

system malfunction, the vehicle can

be steered but may require increased

effort.

Starting and operating

New vehicle running-in

Do not brake unnecessarily hard for

the first few journeys.
During the first drive, smoke may

occur because of wax and oil

evaporating off the exhaust system.

Park the vehicle in the open for a

while after the first drive and avoid

inhaling the fumes.
During the running-in period, fuel and

engine oil consumption may be

higher.
Additionally, the cleaning process of

the diesel particle filter may take

place more often.
Diesel particle filter 3 144.
Autostop may be inhibited to allow

charging of the vehicle battery.

Ignition switch positions

Turn key:

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Driving and operating

137

0 : ignition off: Some functions

remain active until key is

removed or driver's door is

opened, provided the ignition was

on previously

1 : ignition on power mode: Ignition

is on, diesel engine is preheating.

Control indicators illuminate and

most electrical functions are

operable

2 : engine start: Release key after

engine has been started

Steering wheel lock

Remove key from ignition switch and

turn steering wheel until it engages.

9 Danger

Never remove the key from

ignition switch during driving as

this will cause steering wheel lock.

Power button

Electronic key must be inside the

vehicle.
Engine start

Operate clutch pedal (manual

transmission) or brake pedal

(automatic transmission) and press

Start/Stop. Release button after

starting procedure begins. Diesel

engine starts after preheating.

Ignition on power mode without

starting the engine

Press Start/Stop without operating

clutch or brake pedal. Control

indicators illuminate and most

electrical functions are operable.
Engine and ignition off

Press Start/Stop briefly in each mode

or when engine is running and vehicle

is stationary. Some functions remain

active until driver's door is opened,

provided the ignition was on

previously.
Emergency shut off during driving

Press Start/Stop for five seconds

3

 139. Steering wheel locks as soon

as vehicle is stationary.

Steering wheel lock

The steering wheel lock activates

automatically when:

● The vehicle is stationary.
● The ignition has been switched

off.

To release steering wheel lock, open

and close driver's door and switch on

accessory mode or start the engine

directly.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

138

Driving and operating

9 Warning

If the vehicle battery is discharged,

the vehicle must not be towed,

tow-started or jump-started as the

steering wheel lock cannot be

disengaged.

Operation on vehicles with

electronic key system in case of

failure

If either the electronic key fails or the

battery of the electronic key is weak,

the Driver Information Centre may

display No Remote Detected or

Replace Battery in Remote Key when

you try to start the vehicle.

Hold the electronic key with buttons

outside at the marking on the steering

column cover as shown in the

illustration.
Depress the clutch pedal (manual

transmission) or the brake pedal

(automatic transmission or manual

transmission automated) and press

Start/Stop button to start the engine.
This option is intended for

emergencies only. Replace the

electronic key battery as soon as

possible 3 24.
For unlocking or locking the doors,

see fault in radio remote control unit

or electronic key system 3 25.

Power saving mode

This function manages the duration of

using certain systems to avoid

discharging of the vehicle battery.

After the engine has stopped, some

systems can still be used such as the

audio and telematics system,

windscreen wipers, dipped beam

headlamps, courtesy lamps, etc. for a

total maximum time of about forty

minutes.

Changing into power saving

mode

When a certain discharging status of

the vehicle battery is achieved, the

active functions are switched in

standby mode. A message appears in

the Driver Information Centre

indicating Power saving mode.
A telephone call being made at this

time will be maintained for around 10

minutes with the Bluetooth handsfree

system of the Infotainment system.

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Driving and operating

139

Deactivating power saving mode

Standby mode is reactivated

automatically next time the vehicle is

driven. To use the functions

immediately, start the engine:

● for less than ten minutes to use

the systems for approximately

five minutes

● for more than ten minutes to use

the systems for up to

approximately thirty minutes.

Have the engine run for the duration

specified to ensure that the battery

charge is sufficient. Do not repeatedly

and continuously restart the engine in

order to charge the battery.

Starting the engine

Vehicles with ignition switch

Turn key to position 1 to release the

steering wheel lock.
Manual transmission: operate clutch

and brake pedal.
Automatic transmission: operate

brake pedal and move selector lever

to P or N.
Do not operate accelerator pedal.
Diesel engines: wait until control

indicator ! extinguishes.

Turn key briefly to position 2 and

release after engine has been

started.
Manual transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by depressing the clutch pedal

3

 141.

Automatic transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by releasing the brake pedal 3 141.

Vehicles with power button

Manual transmission: operate clutch

and brake pedal.

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140

Driving and operating

Automatic transmission: operate

brake pedal and move selector lever

to P or N.
Do not operate accelerator pedal.
Press and release Start/Stop: an

automatic procedure operates the

starter with a short delay until the

engine is running.
Before restarting or to switch off the

engine when vehicle is stationary,

press Start/Stop once more briefly.
Manual transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by depressing the clutch pedal

3

 141.

Automatic transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by releasing the brake pedal 3 141.

Emergency shut off during driving

If the engine needs to be switched off

during driving in case of emergency,

press Start/Stop for five seconds.

9 Danger

Switching off the engine during

driving may cause loss of power

support for brake and steering

systems. Assistance systems and

airbag systems are disabled.

Lighting and brake lights will

extinguish. Therefore power down

the engine and ignition while

driving only when required in case

of emergency.

Starting the vehicle at low

temperatures

Starting the engine without additional

heaters is possible down to -25 °С for

diesel engines and -30 °C for petrol

engines. Required is an engine oil

with the correct viscosity, the correct

fuel, performed services and a

sufficiently charged vehicle battery.

With temperatures below -30 °C the

automatic transmission requires a

warming phase of approx.

five minutes. The selector lever must

be in position P.

Heating functionalities

Note

Individual heating functionalities,

such as heated seats or heated

steering wheel, may be temporarily

unavailable in the event of electrical

loading constraints. Functions will

be resumed after some minutes.

Turbo engine warm-up

Upon start-up, engine available

torque may be limited for a short time,

especially when the engine

temperature is cold. The limitation is

to allow the lubrication system to fully

protect the engine.

Overrun cut-off

The fuel supply is automatically cut off

during overrun, i.e. when the vehicle

is driven with a gear engaged but

accelerator pedal is released.
Depending on driving conditions, the

overrun cut-off may be deactivated.

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Driving and operating

141

Stop-start system

The stop-start system helps to save

fuel and to reduce the exhaust

emissions. When conditions allow, it

switches off the engine as soon as the

vehicle is at a low speed or at a

standstill, e.g. at a traffic light or in a

traffic jam.

Caution

Before driving on a flooded road,

deactivate the stop-start system.

Activation

The stop-start system is available as

soon as the engine is started, the

vehicle starts-off and the conditions

as stated below in this section are

fulfilled.

Deactivation

Deactivate the stop-start system

manually by pressing Ò. The

deactivation is indicated when the

LED in the button illuminates.

Autostop

Vehicles with manual transmission

An Autostop can be activated at a

standstill.
Activate an Autostop as follows:

● Depress the clutch pedal.
● Set the lever to neutral.
● Release the clutch pedal.

The engine will be switched off while

the ignition stays on.
Vehicles with automatic transmission

If the vehicle is at a standstill with

depressed brake pedal, Autostop is

activated automatically.
The engine will be switched off while

the ignition stays on.
The stop-start system will be disabled

on inclines of 10% or more.

Indication

An Autostop is indicated by control

indicator D.
During an Autostop, the heating and

brake performance will be

maintained.

Conditions for an Autostop

The stop-start system checks if each

of the following conditions is fulfilled.

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142

Driving and operating

● The stop-start system is not

manually deactivated.

● The driver's door is closed or the

driver's seat belt is fastened.

● The vehicle battery is sufficiently

charged and in good condition.

● The engine is warmed up.
● The engine coolant temperature

is not too high.

● The engine exhaust temperature

is not too high, e.g. after driving

with high engine load.

● The ambient temperature is

above -5 °C.

● The climate control system

allows an Autostop.

● The brake vacuum is sufficient.
● The self-cleaning function of the

diesel particle filter is not active.

● The vehicle was driven at least at

walking speed since the last

Autostop.

Otherwise an Autostop will be

inhibited.

Certain settings of the climate control

system may inhibit an Autostop. See

Climate control chapter for more

details 3 126.
Immediately after higher speed

driving an Autostop may be inhibited.
New vehicle running-in 3 136.

Vehicle battery discharge protection

To ensure reliable engine restarts,

several vehicle battery discharge

protection features are implemented

as part of the stop-start system.

Power saving measures

During an Autostop, several electrical

features such as auxiliary electric

heater or rear window heating are

disabled or switched to a power

saving mode. The fan speed of the

climate control system is reduced to

save power.

Restart of the engine by the driver

Vehicles with manual transmission

Depress the clutch pedal without

depressing the brake pedal to restart

the engine.

Vehicles with automatic transmission

The engine is restarted if

● you release the brake pedal while

the selector lever is in position D

or M

● or the brake pedal is released or

the selector lever is in position N

when you move the selector lever

to position D or M.

● or you move the selector lever to

position R.

Restart of the engine by the stop-

start system

The selector lever must be in neutral

to enable an automatic restart.
If one of the following conditions

occurs during an Autostop, the

engine will be restarted automatically

by the stop-start system:

● The stop-start system is

manually deactivated.

● The driver's seat belt is

unfastened and the driver's door

is opened.

● The engine temperature is too

low.

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Driving and operating

143

● The charging level of the vehicle

battery is below a defined level.

● The brake vacuum is not

sufficient.

● The vehicle is driven at least at

walking speed.

● The climate control system

requests an engine start.

● The air conditioning is manually

switched on.

If an electrical accessory, e.g. a

portable CD player, is connected to

the power outlet, a brief power drop

during the restart might be noticeable.

Parking

9 Warning

● Do not park the vehicle on an

easily ignitable surface. The

high temperature of the

exhaust system could ignite the

surface.

● Always apply the parking

brake.

● Switch off the engine.

● If the vehicle is on a level

surface or uphill slope, engage

first gear or set the selector

lever to position P before

removing the ignition key or

switching off ignition on

vehicles with power button. On

an uphill slope, turn the front

wheels away from the kerb.
If the vehicle is on a downhill

slope, engage reverse gear or

set the selector lever to position

P before removing the ignition

key or switching off ignition on

vehicles with power button.

Turn the front wheels towards

the kerb.

● Close the windows.
● Remove the ignition key from

the ignition switch or switch off

ignition on vehicles with power

button. Turn the steering wheel

until the steering wheel lock is

felt to engage.

● Lock the vehicle.
● Activate the anti-theft alarm

system.

● The engine cooling fans may run

after the engine has been

switched off 3 205.

Caution

After running at high engine

speeds or with high engine loads,

operate the engine briefly at a low

load or run in neutral for

approx. 30 seconds before

switching off, in order to protect

the turbocharger.

Note

In the event of an accident with

airbag deployment, the engine is

switched off automatically if the

vehicle comes to a standstill within a

certain time.

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144

Driving and operating

Emergency operation under

extreme cold temperatures

9 Warning

This emergency operation may

only be carried out in case of

extremely cold temperatures and if

the vehicle is parked on a level

surface.

In countries with extreme cold

temperatures it may be necessary to

park the vehicle without applied

parking brake.
This is an emergency operation to

avoid freezing of the parking brake.

Engine exhaust

9 Danger

Engine exhaust gases contain

poisonous carbon monoxide,

which is colourless and odourless

and could be fatal if inhaled.
If exhaust gases enter the interior

of the vehicle, open the windows.

Have the cause of the fault

rectified by a workshop.
Avoid driving with an open load

compartment, otherwise exhaust

gases could enter the vehicle.

Diesel particle filter

Automatic cleaning process

The diesel particle filter system filters

harmful soot particles out of the

exhaust gases.
The start of saturation of the particle

filter is indicated by the temporary

illumination of % or H,

accompanied by a message in the

Driver Information Centre.

As soon as the traffic conditions

permit, regenerate the filter by driving

at a vehicle speed of at least 60 km/h

until the control indicator

extinguishes.

Note

On a new vehicle, the first particle

filter regeneration operations may

be accompanied by a burning smell,

which is normal. Following

prolonged operation of the vehicle at

very low speed or at idle, you may,

in exceptional circumstances, notice

the emission of water vapour at the

exhaust on acceleration. This does

not affect the behaviour of the

vehicle or the environment.

Cleaning process not possible

If % or H stays on, accompanied

by an audible signal and a message,

this indicates that the particle filter

additive level is too low.
The reservoir must be topped-up

without delay. Seek the assistance of

a workshop.

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Driving and operating

145

Catalytic converter

The catalytic converter reduces the

amount of harmful substances in the

exhaust gases.

Caution

Fuel grades other than those listed

on pages 3 1943 245 could

damage the catalytic converter or

electronic components.
Unburnt petrol will overheat and

damage the catalytic converter.

Therefore avoid excessive use of

the starter, running the fuel tank

dry and starting the engine by

pushing or towing.

In the event of misfiring, uneven

engine running, a reduction in engine

performance or other unusual

problems, have the cause of the fault

rectified by a workshop as soon as

possible. In an emergency, driving

can be continued for a short period,

keeping vehicle speed and engine

speed low.

AdBlue

General information

The selective catalytic reduction

(BlueInjection) is a method to

substantially reduce the nitrogen

oxides in the exhaust emission. This

is achieved by injecting a Diesel

Exhaust Fluid (DEF) into the exhaust

system. The ammonia released by

the fluid reacts with nitrous gases

(NO

x

) from the exhaust and turns it

into nitrogen and water.
The designation of this fluid is

AdBlue

®

. It is a non-toxic, non-

flammable, colourless and odourless

fluid which consists of 32% urea and

68% water.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of your eyes or skin

with AdBlue.
In case of eye or skin contact,

rinse off with water.

Caution

Avoid contact of the paintwork with

AdBlue.
In case of contact, rinse off with

water.

AdBlue freezes at a temperature of

approx. -11 °C. As the vehicle is

equipped with an AdBlue pre-heater,

the emissions reduction at low

temperatures is ensured. The AdBlue

pre-heater works automatically.
The typical AdBlue consumption is

approx. two litres per 1000 km, but

can also be higher depending on

driving behaviour (e.g. high load or

towing).

AdBlue tank

At a remaining volume of approx. five

litres, there is a liquid level switch.

Warning messages are displayed

only below that threshold. Tank

volume 3 247.

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146

Driving and operating

Level warnings

Depending on the calculated range of

AdBlue, different messages are

displayed in the Driver Information

Centre. The messages and the

restrictions are a legal requirement.

1. The first possible warning is Top

up emissions additive: Starting

prevented in 2400 km.
When switching on the ignition,

this warning will show up once

briefly with the calculated range.

Additionally, control indicator

UREA will illuminate and a chime

will sound. Driving is possible

without any restrictions.
When driving, the message is

displayed every 300 km until the

additive tank has been topped-up.

2. The next warning level is entered

with a range below 600 km. The

message with the current range

will always be displayed when

ignition is switched on.

Additionally, control indicator

UREA will flash and a chime will

sound. Refill AdBlue before

entering the next warning level.

When driving, the message is

displayed every 30 seconds until

the additive tank has been

topped-up.

3. The last warning level is entered

when the AdBlue tank is empty.

Restart of the engine is not

possible. The following warning

message will be displayed:
Top up emissions additive:

Starting prevented
Additionally, control indicator

UREA will flash and a chime will

sound.
The tank must be refilled with at

least 3.8 litres of AdBlue,

otherwise restarting of the engine

is not possible.

High emission warnings

In the event of a fault with the

emissions control system, different

messages are displayed in the Driver

Information Centre. The messages

and the restrictions are a legal

requirement.

1. If a fault is detected for the first

time, the warning Emissions fault

is displayed.
Additionally, control indicators

UREA, SERVICE and Z will

illuminate and a chime will sound.

Driving is possible without any

restrictions.
If it is a temporary fault, the alert

disappears during the next

journey, after self-diagnosis of the

emissions control system.

2. If the fault is confirmed by the

emission control system, the

following message will be

displayed:
Emissions fault: Starting

prevented in 1100 km.
Additionally, control indicators

UREA, SERVICE and Z will

illuminate and a chime will sound.
When driving, the message is

displayed every 30 seconds while

the fault persists.

3. If the last warning level is entered,

the following warning message

will be displayed:

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Driving and operating

147

Emissions fault: Starting

prevented
Additionally, control indicators

UREA, SERVICE and Z will

illuminate and a chime will sound.
Consult a workshop for

assistance.

Refilling AdBlue

Caution

Only use AdBlue that complies

with European standards

DIN 70 070 and ISO 22241-1.
Do not use additives.
Do not dilute AdBlue.
Otherwise the selective catalytic

reduction system could be

damaged.

Note

Whenever a filling pump with a

nozzle for passenger cars is not

available at a filling station, use only

AdBlue bottles or canisters with a

sealed refill adapter for refilling, to

prevent splashback and overspill,

and in order to ensure that the fumes

from the tank are captured and do

not emerge. AdBlue in bottles or

canisters is available in many filling

stations and can be purchased e.g.

at Opel dealers and other retail

outlets.
Since AdBlue has a limited

durability, check the date of expiry

before refilling.
Note

The refilling of AdBlue is only

detected by the system when the

abovementioned liquid level switch

in the tank is activated.
In case AdBlue refill is not

successfully detected:

1. Continuously drive the vehicle

for 10 minutes making sure that

vehicle speed is always higher

than 20 km/h.

2. If AdBlue refill is detected

successfully, AdBlue supply-

driven limitations will disappear.

If AdBlue refill is still not detected,

seek the assistance of a workshop.
If AdBlue must be refilled at

temperatures below -11 °C, the

refilling of AdBlue may not be

detected by the system. In this

event, park the vehicle in a space

with a higher ambient temperature

until AdBlue is liquefied.
Note

When unscrewing the protective cap

from the filler neck, ammonia fumes

may emerge. Do not inhale as the

fumes have a pungent smell. The

fumes are not harmful by inhalation.

The AdBlue tank should be filled

completely. This must be done if the

warning message regarding

prevention of an engine restart is

already displayed.
The vehicle must be parked on a level

surface.
The filler neck for AdBlue is located

behind the fuel filler flap, which is

located at right rear side of the

vehicle.
The fuel filler flap can only be opened

if the vehicle is unlocked.

1. Remove key from ignition switch.
2. Close all doors to avoid ammonia

fumes entering the interior of the

vehicle.

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148

Driving and operating

3. Release the fuel filler flap by

pushing the flap 3 196.

4. Unscrew protective cap from the

filler neck.

5. Open AdBlue canister.
6. Mount one end of the hose on the

canister and screw the other end

on the filler neck.

7. Lift the canister until it is empty, or

until the flow from the canister has

stopped. This can take up to five

minutes.

8. Place the canister on the ground

to empty the hose, wait 15

seconds.

9. Unscrew the hose from the filler

neck.

10. Mount the protective cap and turn

clockwise until it engages.

Note

Dispose of AdBlue canister

according to environmental

requirements. Hose can be reused

after flushing with clear water before

AdBlue dries out.

Automatic transmission

The automatic transmission permits

automatic gearshifting (automatic

mode) or manual gearshifting

(manual mode).
Manual shifting is possible in manual

mode by tapping the selector lever to

+ or - 3 150.

Transmission display

The mode or selected gear is shown

in the Driver Information Centre.
In automatic mode, the driving

programme is indicated by D.

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Driving and operating

149

In manual mode, M and the number

of the selected gear is indicated.
R indicates reverse gear.
N indicates neutral position.
P indicates park position.

Selector lever

Move the selector lever in the shifting

gate as shown in the illustration

above.

P : park position, wheels are locked,

engage only when the vehicle is

stationary and the parking brake

is applied

R : reverse gear, engage only when

the vehicle is stationary

N : neutral

D : automatic mode

M : manual mode

<

: upshift in manual mode

]

: downshift in manual mode

The selector lever is locked in P and

can only be moved when the ignition

is on and the brake pedal is applied.
The engine can only be started with

the lever in position P or N. When

position N is selected, press the brake

pedal or apply the parking brake

before starting.
Do not accelerate while engaging a

gear. Never depress the accelerator

pedal and brake pedal at the same

time.
When a gear is engaged, the vehicle

slowly begins to creep when the

brake is released.

Engine braking

To utilise the engine braking effect,

select a lower gear in good time when

driving downhill, see manual mode.

Rocking the vehicle

Rocking the vehicle is only

permissible if the vehicle is stuck in

sand, mud or snow. Move the selector

lever between D and R in a repeat

pattern. Do not race the engine and

avoid sudden acceleration.

Parking

Apply the parking brake and engage

P.

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