Opel Astra Saloon (2017 year). Manual - part 12

 

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Opel Astra Saloon (2017 year). Manual - part 12

 

 

182

Vehicle care

The maximum speed is achievable at

kerb weight with driver (75 kg) plus

125 kg payload. Optional equipment

could reduce the maximum speed of

the vehicle.
Performance 3 208.

Tyre pressure

Check the pressure of cold tyres at

least every 14 days and before any

long journey. Do not forget the spare

wheel. This also applies to vehicles

with tyre pressure monitoring system.
Use the valve cap key to make

unscrewing the valve caps easier.

The valve cap key is located on the

inside of the tank flap.
Tyre pressure 3 212.
The tyre pressure data refers to cold

tyres. It applies to summer and winter

tyres.
Always inflate the spare tyre to the

pressure specified for full load.
The ECO tyre pressure serves to

achieve the smallest amount of fuel

consumption possible.

Incorrect tyre pressures will impair

safety, vehicle handling, comfort and

fuel economy and will increase tyre

wear.
Tyre pressures differ depending on

various options. For the correct tyre

pressure value, follow the procedure

below:

1. Identify the engine identifier code.

Engine data 3 207.

2. Identify the respective tyre.

The tyre pressure tables show all

possible tyre combinations 3 212.
For the tyres approved for your

vehicle, refer to the EEC Certificate of

Conformity provided with your vehicle

or other national registration

documents.
The driver is responsible for correct

adjustment of tyre pressure.

9 Warning

If the pressure is too low, this can

result in considerable tyre warm-

up and internal damage, leading to

tread separation and even to tyre

blow-out at high speeds.

9

Warning

For specific tyres the

recommended tyre pressure as

shown in the tyre pressure table

may exceed the maximum tyre

pressure as indicated on the tyre.

Never exceed the maximum tyre

pressure as indicated on the tyre.

If the tyre pressure must be reduced

or increased on a vehicle with tyre

pressure monitoring system, switch

off ignition.

Temperature dependency

The tyre pressure depends on the

temperature of the tyre. During

driving, tyre temperature and

pressure increase. Tyre pressure

values provided on the tyre

information label and tyre pressure

chart are valid for cold tyres, which

means at 20 °C.
The pressure increases by nearly

10 kPa for a 10 °C temperature

increase. This must be considered

when warm tyres are checked.

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Vehicle care

183

The tyre pressure value displayed in

the Info-Display shows the real tyre

pressure. A cooled down tyre will

show a decreased value, which does

not indicate an air leak.

Tyre pressure monitoring

system

The tyre pressure monitoring system

checks the pressure of all four wheels

once per minute when vehicle speed

exceeds a certain limit.

Caution

Tyre pressure monitoring system

warns only about low tyre pressure

condition and does not replace

regular tyre maintenance by the

driver.

All wheels must be equipped with

pressure sensors and the tyres must

have the prescribed pressure. If

wheels without sensors are mounted,

the tyre pressure monitoring system

is not operational.

Note

In countries where the tyre pressure

monitoring system is legally

required, the use of wheels without

pressure sensors will invalidate the

vehicle type approval.

The tyre pressure sensors monitor

the air pressure in the tyres and

transmit tyre pressure readings to a

receiver located in the vehicle.
Each tyre, including the spare, should

be checked monthly when cold and

inflated to the recommended inflation

pressure 3 212.

Low tyre pressure condition

A detected low tyre pressure

condition is indicated by control

indicator w 3 88.
If w illuminates, stop as soon as

possible and inflate the tyres as

recommended 3 212.
When the system detects a

malfunction, w will flash for approx.

one minute and then remain

continuously illuminated. This

sequence will continue upon

subsequent vehicle start-ups as long

as the malfunction exists.
When w is illuminated, the system

may not be able to detect or signal low

tyre pressure as intended.
If w illuminates at lower temperatures

and extinguishes after driving, this

could be an indicator for approaching

a low tyre pressure condition. Check

tyre pressure.

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184

Vehicle care

Tyre pressures in Info-Display

The current tyre pressures can be

shown in the menu item Tyres in the

Board Computer menu. Press BC on

the Infotainment system and select

the menu item.
The tyre pressure monitoring system

automatically detects the vehicle

load. A corresponding message may

appear on the Info-Display if

inconsistent tyre pressures are

detected. In some versions, the

message is displayed in abbreviated

form.
For example, the following messages

can be displayed:

A graphic indicating the left rear tyre

is shown together with the current tyre

pressure; slight pressure deviation.
Reduce speed. Check tyre pressure

at next opportunity with an

appropriate gauge and correct if

necessary.
On the Colour-Info-Display, this

message will appear in yellow.

A graphic indicating the front left tyre

is shown together with the current tyre

pressure; significant pressure

deviation or direct pressure loss.
Steer out of the flow of traffic as

quickly as possible without

endangering other vehicles. Stop and

check the tyres. Mount the spare

wheel if necessary 3 190.
On the Colour-Info-Display, this

message will appear in red.
Acknowledgement of warnings 3 92,

3

 94.

Vehicle messages 3 99.

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Vehicle care

185

If the tyre pressure is to be reduced or

increased, switch off the ignition. Tyre

pressures 3 1823 212.

General information

The use of commercially available

liquid tyre repair kits can impair the

function of the system. Factory-

approved tyre repair kits can be used.
Tyre repair kit 3 187.
Operating electronic devices or being

close to facilities using similar wave

frequencies could disrupt the tyre

pressure monitoring system.
The tyre pressure monitoring system

valve cores and sealing rings must be

replaced each time the tyres are

changed.

Tyre pressure sensor matching

process

Each tyre pressure sensor has a

unique identification code. The

identification code must be matched

to a new tyre/wheel position after

rotating the tyres or replacing one or

more of the tyre pressure sensors.

The tyre pressure sensor matching

process should also be performed

after replacing a spare tyre with a

road tyre containing a tyre pressure

sensor. The control indicator w and

the warning message should

extinguish at the next ignition cycle.
The sensors are matched to the tyre/

wheel positions, using a TPMS

relearn tool, in the following order:

● left front tyre
● right front tyre
● right rear tyre
● left rear tyre

Consult your workshop for service or

to purchase a relearn tool.
There are two minutes to match the

first tyre/wheel position, and

five minutes overall to match all four

tyre/wheel positions. If it takes longer,

the matching process stops and must

be restarted.

The tyre pressure sensor matching

process is as follows:

1. Apply the electrical parking brake

3

 143; on vehicles with automatic

transmission move the selector

lever to position P.

2. Turn the ignition on 3 125.
3. Initiate the TPMS Learn Mode by

simultaneously pressing p and

q

 on the radio remote control,

- or -
Press INFO on the Infotainment

system until a tyre learn message

appears on the Info-display.

Press and hold OK.
The horn sounds twice and the left

front turn signal also illuminates

as confirmation that Learn Mode

has been enabled.

4. Start with the left front tyre.
5. Place the relearn tool against the

tyre sidewall, near the valve stem.

Then press the button to activate

the tyre pressure sensor. A horn

chirp confirms that the sensor

identification code has been

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186

Vehicle care

matched to this tyre and wheel

position. The next relevant turn

signal illuminates.

6. Proceed to the right front tyre, and

repeat the procedure in Step 5.

7. Proceed to the right rear tyre, and

repeat the procedure in Step 5.

8. Proceed to the left rear tyre, and

repeat the procedure in Step 5.

The horn sounds twice to indicate

the sensor identification code has

been matched, and the tyre

pressure sensor matching

process is no longer active.

9. Turn off the ignition.

10. Set all four tyres to the

recommended inflation pressure

3

 212.

Tread depth

Check tread depth at regular

intervals.
Tyres should be replaced for safety

reasons at a tread depth of 2-3 mm

(4 mm for winter tyres).

For safety reasons it is recommended

that the tread depth of the tyres on

one axle should not vary by more than

2 mm.

The legally permissible minimum

tread depth (1.6 mm) has been

reached when the tread has worn

down as far as one of the tread wear

indicators (TWI). Their position is

indicated by markings on the

sidewall.
If there is more wear at the front than

the rear, swap round front wheels and

rear wheels. Ensure that the direction

of rotation of the wheels is the same

as before.

Tyres age, even if they are not used.

We recommend tyre replacement

every 6 years.

Changing tyre and wheel

size

If tyres of a different size than those

fitted at the factory are used, it may be

necessary to reprogramme the

speedometer as well as the nominal

tyre pressure and make other vehicle

modifications.
After converting to a different tyre

size, have the label with tyre

pressures replaced.

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheels

may lead to accidents and will

invalidate the vehicle type

approval.

If wheel rims of a different type are to

be installed, the wheel nuts may also

need to be changed. We recommend

you consult a workshop.

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Vehicle care

187

Wheel covers

Wheel covers and tyres that are

factory approved for the respective

vehicle and comply with all of the

relevant wheel and tyre combination

requirements must be used.
If the wheel covers and tyres used are

not factory approved, the tyres must

not have a rim protection ridge.
Wheel covers must not impair brake

cooling.

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheel

covers could lead to sudden

pressure loss and thereby

accidents.

Tyre chains

Tyre chains are only permitted on the

front wheels.
They must be fitted to the tyres

symmetrically in order to achieve a

concentric fit.

9 Warning

Damage may lead to tyre blowout.

Special snow chains are only

permitted when they are designed

with a rotating chain belt on the tyre

tread, no chain links on the wheel

inboard sides and the chains add no

more than 12 mm to the tyre tread.

For further information regarding

correct snow chain usage for the tyre

size, contact a specialised vehicle

parts dealer or snow chain

manufacture. Tyre chains are only

permitted on tyres of size

235/60 R17 and 235/55 R18.
General

The use of tyre chains is not permitted

on the temporary spare wheel.

Tyre repair kit

Minor damage to the tyre tread or

sidewall can be repaired with the tyre

repair kit.
Do not remove foreign bodies from

the tyres.
Tyre damage exceeding 4 mm or that

is at the tyre's sidewall near the rim

cannot be repaired with the tyre repair

kit.
In vehicles with a tyre repair kit, there

may not be a jack and vehicle tool kit.
Vehicle tools 3 179.
Temporary spare wheel 3 193.

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Vehicle care

9 Warning

Do not drive faster than 80 km/h.
Do not use for a lengthy period.
Steering and handling may be

affected.

If you have a flat tyre:
Apply the electrical parking brake

3

 143 and engage first gear, reverse

gear or P.
The tyre repair kit is in a storage

compartment below the floor cover in

the load compartment.
To remove the tyre repair kit, open the

tailgate.
Pull the floor cover handle upwards

3

 68.

Vehicle tools 3 179.

Caution

Do not allow objects to protrude

above the top of the rear floor

storage compartment, to avoid

damage to the storage area and

the load compartment floor.

1. Release the sealant filler hose 1

and the power plug 2.

2. Unscrew valve cap from defective

tyre.
Screw the sealant filler hose onto

the tyre valve.

3. Connect the power plug to the

power outlet. Unplug all items

from other power outlets.

4. Switch on ignition. To avoid

discharging the battery, we

recommend running the engine.

5. Turn the selector switch

anticlockwise to the sealant +

air position.

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Vehicle care

189

6. Press the on/off button to turn the

tyre repair kit on. The tyre is filled

with sealant.
The pressure gauge briefly shows

a high pressure while the sealant

canister is emptying. Then the

pressure starts to drop.
All of the sealant is pumped into

the tyre. Then the tyre is inflated.

7. Inflate the tyre to the

recommended inflation pressure

using the pressure gauge. The

prescribed tyre pressure should

be obtained within 10 minutes

3

 212. When the correct pressure

is obtained, switch off the

compressor.
If the prescribed tyre pressure is

not obtained within 10 minutes,

remove the tyre repair kit. Move

the vehicle one tyre rotation.

Reattach the tyre repair kit and

continue the filling procedure for

10 minutes. If the prescribed tyre

pressure is still not obtained, the

tyre is too badly damaged. Seek

the assistance of a workshop.

Drain excess tyre pressure with

the button next to the pressure

gauge.
Do not run the compressor for

longer than 10 minutes.

8. Detach the tyre repair kit and

replace the tyre valve cap.

9. Remove any excess sealant

using a cloth.

10. Take the label indicating

maximum permitted speed from

the sealant canister and affix in

the driver's field of view.

11. Continue driving immediately so

that sealant is evenly distributed

in the tyre. After driving approx.

10 km (but no more than

10 minutes) stop and check tyre

pressure.
If the tyre pressure has fallen

slightly, set it to the correct value.

Repeat the procedure until there

is no more loss of pressure.
If the tyre pressure has fallen by

more than 68 kPa (0.68 bar), the

vehicle must not be driven. Seek

the assistance of a workshop.

12. To adjust tyre pressure, screw

compressor air hose (arrowed)

directly onto tyre valve.

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190

Vehicle care

13. Turn the selector switch clockwise

to the air only position. Switch on

the compressor to inflate the tyre

with air only.

Note

The driving characteristic of the

repaired tyre is severely affected,

therefore have this tyre replaced.
If unusual noise is heard or the

compressor becomes hot, turn

compressor off for at least

30 minutes.
Note the expiry date of the kit. After

this date its sealing capability is no

longer guaranteed. Pay attention to

storage information on sealant

canister.

Replace the used sealant canister.

To remove sealant canister, release

sealant filler hose and air hose, slide

canister out of housing and unscrew

hose from canister. Dispose of the

canister as prescribed by applicable

laws.
The accessory adapter supplied can

be used to pump up other items e.g.

footballs, air mattresses, inflatable

dinghies etc. The adapter is located

on the underside of the tyre repair

kit.

Wheel changing

Some vehicles are equipped with a

tyre repair kit instead of a spare wheel

3

 187.

Make the following preparations and

observe the following information:

● Park the vehicle on a level, firm

and non-slippery surface. The

front wheels must be in the

straight-ahead position.

● Apply the electrical parking brake

3

 143 and engage first gear,

reverse gear or P.

● Remove the spare wheel 3 193.

● Never change more than one

wheel at a time.

● Block wheel diagonally opposite

the wheel to be changed, by

placing wedge blocks or

equivalent in front and behind the

wheel.

● Use the jack only to change

wheels in case of puncture, not

for seasonal winter or summer

tyre changes.

● Never exceed jack maximum

working load (900 kg).

● If the ground on which the vehicle

is standing is soft, a solid board

(max. 1 cm thick) should be

placed under the jack.

● Do not raise the vehicle more

than is necessary to change a

wheel.

● No people or animals may be in

the vehicle when it is jacked-up.

● Never crawl under a jacked-up

vehicle.

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Vehicle care

191

● Do not start the engine when it is

raised on the jack.

● Clean wheel nuts and thread

before mounting the wheel.

9 Warning

Do not grease wheel bolt, wheel

nut and wheel nut cone.

1. Pull off the wheel cover.
2. Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it locates securely and loosen

each wheel nut by one turn by

turning anticlockwise.

3. The location of front and rear

jacking points is indicated by

notches on the bottom edge of the

vehicle, under the doors.

4. Before positioning the jack, set it

to the necessary height by

rotating the eye by hand.
Position jack at the jacking point

located nearest to the wheel

concerned so that the jack claw

spans the vertical base. Ensure

the jack is positioned correctly.
The jack base must be on the

ground directly below the jacking

point in a manner that prevents it

from slipping.

5. Attach wheel wrench to eye of

threaded rod and rotate wrench

clockwise to raise vehicle.

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Vehicle care

If this is not the case, carefully

lower the vehicle immediately and

reposition the jack. Raise the

vehicle until the wheel is just clear

of the ground.

6. Unscrew wheel nuts completely

and wipe clean with a cloth.
Do not grease the threads. Put

wheel nuts somewhere where the

threads will not be soiled.

7. Change the wheel. Notes on

spare wheel 3 193.

8. Screw on the wheel nuts and

tighten slightly by hand by turning

clockwise until wheel is held

against the hub.

9. Rotate wrench anticlockwise and

lower vehicle to the ground.

10. Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it locates securely and tighten

each wheel nut in a crosswise

sequence. Tightening torque is

140 Nm.

11. Stow the replaced wheel 3 193

and the vehicle tools 3 179.

12. Check the tyre pressure of the

installed tyre as soon as possible.

Have the defective tyre renewed and

replace temporary spare wheel with a

full specification wheel without delay.

Jacking position for lifting platform

Rear arm position of the lifting

platform centrically under the recess

of the sill.

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Vehicle care

193

Front arm position of the lifting

platform centrically under the recess

of the sill.

Spare wheel

Temporary spare wheel

Some vehicles are equipped with a

tyre repair kit instead of a spare

wheel.
The temporary spare wheel is

designed for use on your vehicle only.
If mounting a spare wheel which is

different from the other wheels, this

wheel might be classified as a

temporary spare wheel and the

corresponding speed limits apply,

even though no label indicates this.

Seek the assistance of a workshop to

check the applicable speed limit.
Use of the temporary spare wheel

could affect driveability, particularly if

using winter tyres. Have the defective

tyre renewed as soon as possible and

have the wheel balanced and fitted to

the vehicle.

Caution

The use of a spare wheel that is

smaller than the other wheels or in

combination with winter tyres

could affect driveability. Have the

defective tyre replaced as soon as

possible.

The temporary spare wheel is located

in the load compartment below the

floor cover and is secured with a

screw-in retainer.

Push both levers on the floor cover

towards the handle and pull up the

cover by the handle. Hang the hook

to the upper part of the tailgate

opening.
Vehicle tools 3 179.
Remove the retainer by rotating it

anticlockwise and remove temporary

spare wheel from the spare wheel

well.
Only mount one temporary spare

wheel. Do not drive faster than

80 km/h. Take curves slowly. Do not

use for a long period of time.
When the temporary spare wheel is

fitted, do not take the vehicle through

an automatic vehicle wash with guide

rails. The temporary spare wheel may

get caught on the rails, causing

damage to the tyre, wheel and other

vehicle parts.
The use of tyre chains is not permitted

on the temporary spare wheel.
Tyre chains 3 187.

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Vehicle care

Directional tyres

Fit directional tyres such that they roll

in the direction of travel. The rolling

direction is indicated by a symbol

(e.g. an arrow) on the sidewall.
The following applies to tyres fitted

opposing the rolling direction:

● Driveability may be affected.

Have the defective tyre renewed

or repaired as soon as possible

and fit it instead of the spare

wheel.

● Do not drive faster than 80 km/h.
● Drive particularly carefully on wet

and snow-covered road

surfaces.

9 Warning

Storing a jack, a wheel or other

equipment in the load

compartment could cause injury if

they are not fixed in place

properly. During a sudden stop or

a collision, loose equipment could

cause personal injury or damage

to the vehicle.

Always store the jack and vehicle

tools in their respective storage

compartments and secure them

properly.
Always place the damaged wheel

in the load compartment, secured

in the spare wheel well with the

screw-in retainer.

Jump starting

Do not start with quick charger.
A vehicle with a discharged battery

can be started using jump leads and

the battery of another vehicle.

9 Warning

Be extremely careful when starting

with jump leads. Any deviation

from the following instructions can

lead to injuries or damage caused

by battery explosion or damage to

the electrical systems of both

vehicles.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of the battery with

eyes, skin, fabrics and painted

surfaces. The fluid contains

sulphuric acid which can cause

injuries and damage in the event

of direct contact.

● Never expose the battery to

naked flames or sparks.

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Vehicle care

195

● A discharged battery can already

freeze at a temperature of 0 °C.

Defrost the frozen battery before

connecting jump leads.

● Wear eye protection and

protective clothing when

handling a battery.

● Use a booster battery with the

same voltage (12 Volts). Its

capacity (Ah) must not be much

less than that of the discharged

battery.

● Use jump leads with insulated

terminals and a cross section of

at least 16 mm

2

 (25 mm

2

 for

diesel engines).

● Do not disconnect the discharged

battery from the vehicle.

● Switch off all unnecessary

electrical consumers. The

Infotainment system may be

damaged if switched on while

jump starting.

● Do not lean over the battery

during jump starting.

● Do not allow the terminals of one

lead to touch those of the other

lead.

● The vehicles must not come into

contact with each other during

the jump starting process.

● Apply the electrical parking brake

3

 143, transmission in neutral,

automatic transmission in P.

● Open the positive terminal

protection caps of both batteries.

Lead connection order:

1. Connect the red lead to the

positive terminal 1 of the booster

battery.

2. Connect the other end of the red

lead to the positive terminal 2 of

the discharged battery.

3. Connect the black lead to the

negative terminal 3 of the booster

battery.

4. Connect the other end of the black

lead to a vehicle grounding point,

such as the engine block 4 or an

engine mounting bolt. Connect as

far away from the discharged

battery as possible, however at

least 60 cm.

Route the leads so that they cannot

catch on rotating parts in the engine

compartment.
To start the engine:

1. Start the engine of the vehicle

providing the jump start.

2. After 5 minutes, start the other

engine. Start attempts should be

made for no longer than

15 seconds at an interval of

1 minute.

3. Allow both engines to idle for

approx. 3 minutes with the leads

connected.

4. Switch on electrical consumers

(e.g. headlights, heated rear

window) of the vehicle receiving

the jump start.

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Vehicle care

5. Operate discharged vehicle for

approx. 20 minutes to allow for

adequate battery recharging.

6. Reverse above sequence exactly

when removing leads.

Towing

Towing the vehicle

Remove the spoiler lip from the front

left-hand side of the vehicle by

unfastening the six screws located on

the underside of the vehicle. Then

attach the towing eye.
The towing eye is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 179.

Screw in the towing eye as far as it will

go until it stops in a horizontal

position.
Attach a tow rope - or better still a tow

rod - to the front towing eye, never to

the bumper or front suspension units.
Do not tow the vehicle from the rear.

The front towing eye must only be

used for towing and not recovering a

vehicle.
Switch on ignition to release steering

wheel lock and to permit operation of

brake lights, horn and windscreen

wiper.
Transmission in neutral.

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197

Turn key to ignition switch position

ACC and release the electrical

parking brake before towing the

vehicle.

Caution

Drive slowly. Do not drive jerkily.

Excessive tractive force can

damage the vehicle.

When the engine is not running,

considerably more force is needed to

brake and steer.
Keep tow rope clear of front bumper,

and ensure it is securely fixed to the

towing eye at both ends. Pull on the

tow rope to check.
To prevent the entry of exhaust gases

from the towing vehicle, switch on the

air recirculation system 3 115 and

close the windows.
Vehicles with manual transmission:

The vehicle must be towed facing

forwards. The maximum speed is

88 km/h. In all other cases, and when

the transmission is defective, the front

axle must be raised off the ground.

Vehicles with automatic transmission:

Do not tow the vehicle using the

towing eye. Towing with a tow rope

could cause severe damage to the

transmission. When towing a vehicle

with automatic transmission, use flat

bed or wheel lift equipment.
Seek the assistance of a workshop.
After towing, unscrew the towing eye

and replace the spoiler lip. Store

towing eye in the storage

compartment below the floor cover in

the load compartment.
Vehicle tools 3 179.

Towing another vehicle

Remove the cover located on the rear

bumper by pressing the lower part of

the cover.
The rear towing eye attachment is

stored below the floor cover in the

load compartment.
Screw the rear towing eye attachment

anticlockwise using a suitable

screwdriver, until it is firmly in place

and stops in a horizontal position.
Attach a tow rope – or better still a tow

rod – to the rear towing eye.
The towing eye must only be used for

towing and not for recovering a

vehicle.

Caution

Drive slowly. Do not drive jerkily.

Excessive tractive force can

damage the vehicle.

To prevent damage, do not take up

slack in the tow rope too quickly.
After towing, unscrew the rear towing

eye attachment clockwise to remove,

and reinstall the cover.

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