BYD M6. Service Manual - part 10

 

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BYD M6. Service Manual - part 10

 

 

BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
y When the ABS operation is
y
In gravel, sand and deep snow;
ABS Warning Indicator
completed, the brake pedal may
y
When snow chains are mounted
When the ignition switch is at ON, this
move forward slightly.
on the tires;
indicator comes on. If the ABS system
y
On a stepped road, such as the
CAUTION
and brake assist system are working
junction of roads;
normally, it will go out in several
y
Don't get too close to the vehicle
y
On a rough road with pits or
seconds. The indicator will come on if
in front of you. Even although
uneven pavement.
an error occurs in the ABS system.
the ABS system can help you
y
All four tires must have the
maintain steering control, the
specified size and tire pressure.
vehicle stability and steering
ABS monitors the rotational
performance will deteriorate.
speed of each wheel through a
y
When you drive at high speed
speed sensor. Tires with
on rainy days, if the tires’ driving
different size than the original
force exceeds the limit or if the
may affect the detection of
wheels are spinning, the ABS
wheel speed and increase the
system cannot help you control
braking distance.
the vehicle.
y
ABS cannot always reduce the
braking distance. Always leave
When the
warning indicator
enough room up ahead to stop.
stays on and
the braking system
Under the following conditions, a
indicator remains off, the ABS system,
longer braking distance may be
traction
control
system
and
required compared to a vehicle
stabilization control system are not
without ABS:
working normally. However, the
Before Driving 3-6
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
conventional brake system still works
Brake Pad Wear Warning
normally.
Indicator
When the
warning indicator
CAUTION
stays on and the braking system
indicator remains off, the ABS system
y
If both the
indicator and
isn‘t working normally and the wheels
braking system indicator turn on
may be locked in hard braking or on
in driving, stop the vehicle
slippery road surface.
immediately and contract a BYD
service station to service your
In any of the following cases, there is
vehicle.
a problem with the components that
y
In this case, the ABS is not
are monitored by this indicator.
working and the vehicle
Contact a BYD service station as
becomes hard to control.
soon as possible to have the vehicle
serviced.
Disc bake pads
have
built-in
wear
warning indicators that make warning
y If this indicator doesn’t turn on or
sound when the worn brake pads
stays on when the ignition switch is
must be replaced by new pads.
at ON;
When you hear high-pitched noise or
y If this indicator turns on when you
friction noise in driving, drive to the
are driving the vehicle.
nearest service station to check and
The fact that this indicator turns on
replace the brake pads.
temporarily does not mean that
something is wrong.
Before Driving 3-7
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
Don’t drive your vehicle for long
Storage of Luggage
on the floor directly.
distance with the warning sound
y
To prevent the luggage from
Abide by the following instructions on
going on.
injuring the occupants, do not tilt
the luggage storage in the vehicle:
any seatback too far when the
Continuing to drive with worn-out
y It is recommended to keep
vehicle is moving.
brake pads could result in costly
luggage and cargos in the trunk.
y
Don’t let anybody stay in the
brake repair. Meanwhile, the braking
Make sure all luggage cannot
trunk
when the vehicle
is
distance gets longer and you
must
move in driving.
moving. All occupants must sit in
press the brake pedal harder.
y Maintain proper distribution of
the seats and wear seal belts
weight across the vehicle. Heavy
properly. Otherwise he could be
articles must be kept in the front
severely injured or even die in a
part of the trunk to ensure proper
hard braking or crash accident.
weight distribution.
y
Don’t leave any article on the
y Don’t leave unnecessary articles
dashboard when you are driving
on the vehicle to save fuel.
the vehicle. It may interfere with
the
driver’s
visibility.
In
CAUTION
accelerating or turning, it may
move and affect the driver’s
y The luggage stored in the trunk
ability to steer or control the
must be lower than the height of
vehicle. In collision, it may cause
the seatback; otherwise the
personal injury to the occupants.
luggage may move forward in
driving. The luggage or cargos
must be placed as low as
possible if they cannot be placed
Before Driving 3-8
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
4 Chapter 4 Starting and Driving
Before engine is started
4-2
Parking Brake
4-2
Starting Engine
4-3
Manual Transmission
4-6
Automatic Transmission
4-8
Safety Inspection before Driving
4-10
Driving Tips in Various Conditions
4-11
Driving in Bad Weather
4-12
How to Save Fuel and Extend Vehicle Service Life
4-13
Starting and Driving 4-1
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
Before engine is started
Parking Brake
To remind you that the parking brake
is applied, the warning indicator on
1.
Observe the area around the
When parking the vehicle, firmly apply
the dashboard will stay on until you
vehicle.
the parking brake to keep the vehicle
release the parking brake handle.
stationary.
2.
Make adjustment to the seats,
CAUTION
seat backs, seat cushions,
headrests, steering wheel angle
y
To park
an
automatic
and height, if necessary.
transmission vehicle, shift to P
gear; to park a manual
3.
Adjust the interior and exterior
transmission vehicle, turn off the
rearview mirror.
engine and shift to any gear
4.
Lock up all doors.
other than N gear. This can
prevent the vehicle from moving
5.
All occupants must fasten their
due to accidental operation or
seat belt.
To set the parking brake, pull up the
parking brake failure.
6.
Check the fuel gauge and check
parking brake handle. To get larger
y
Before driving the vehicle, make
whether all warning indicators are
braking force, press down and hold
sure the parking brake is fully
working normally.
the brake pedal first and then pull up
released and the parking brake
the parking brake handle.
warning indicator goes out.
To release the parking brake, slightly
y
Driving with the parking brake on
pull up the parking brake handle (1),
can cause damage to the rear
press the lock release button (2) and
brake, tires and axle.
then put down the parking brake
handle (3).
Starting and Driving 4-2
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
Starting Engine
(b) Starting Engine
(a) Before Starting
NOTICE
Always follow the instructions in (a)
1.
Firmly apply the parking brake.
Before Starting.
y
Each starting attempt must be
less than 20 seconds, otherwise
2.
Turn off all unnecessary lights and
Push Button Starting
the engine and wiring system
accessories.
This vehicle is equipped with a smart
may get overheated.
3.
If an automatic transmission is
key system. You can press the button
y
Don’t let a cold engine run at
equipped, shift to P or N gear.
on the smart key to turn on the
high speed.
If
a manual transmission is
engine.
y
If the engine stalls frequently or
equipped, shift to N gear.
is hard to start, your vehicle
Normal Starting Procedure
must be checked immediately.
4.
Press down the brake pedal or
To start the engine, a smart key must
clutch pedal to the bottom and
be in the vehicle.
hold there until the vehicle starts
up.
(For a manual transmission
The indicator on the smart key will
vehicle, even not at N gear, you
turn green when you firmly pressing
can start the engine by stepping
down the brake or clutch pedal. Press
down on the clutch pedal. But this
the start button firmly and slowly to
operation is not recommended.)
start the engine.
Warm up the engine in driving rather
than running idle. Drive the vehicle at
stable speed until the engine coolant
temperature rises up to the normal
range.
Starting and Driving 4-3
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
If Engine Stalls
If Engine Cannot Start
In the following cases, the engine
cannot start when you press the Start
Try to start the engine by the normal
switch:
starting procedure.
y
If the smart key functions are not
NOTICE
working, the battery in it may have
y
Don’t operate the Start key when
depleted.
you get oil on your hand.
Try the starting procedure again
while holding the smart key close
to the Start switch.
(For details,
CAUTION
see
“Keyless Entry & Start
In the following cases, the engine
System” in section 1-2.)
y
When the Start switch get faulty
cannot start.
during the starting procedure,
Replace the battery in the smart
stop using it and contact a BYD
y If the smart key isn't in the vehicle:
key as soon as possible.
(See
service station to check the
when you press the Start button,
“Replace Battery in Card Key” and
vehicle.
the keyless entry & start system
“Replace Battery in Electronic
indicator will come on and the
Smart Key” in section 1-2.)
buzzer will sound.
y
If the engine starts repeatedly in a
y Even if the smart key is in the
short period of time.
vehicle, when its transmitter is
Please wait for at least 10 seconds
blocked
(for example, the smart
before trying again.
key is on the floor or in the glove
box), the engine cannot be started.
y
If the green indicator on the Start
switch is flashing and the keyless
entry & start system indicator on
Starting and Driving 4-4
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
the dashboard comes on, it
Driving and Parking with
indicates the steering wheel is
Keyless Entry & Start System
locked.
Tips on Use of Keyless Entry &
To release it, press down the Start
Start System
switch and shake the steering
When using the keyless entry & start
wheel slightly at the same time.
function, you must have a smart key
y
If the orange indicator on the Start
on hand to start the engine.
switch is flashing and the keyless
Sometimes a passenger may take
entry & start system indicator on
away the smart key without letting the
Keyless Entry & Start System
the dashboard comes on, it
driver know it, and in this case the
Indicator
indicates the steering lock is faulty.
engine cannot be started. In addition,
System Function Reminder
Please contact a BYD service
the power may not be at OFF when
station to check the vehicle and all
you leaving the vehicle.
In case of any of the following
keys.
warnings, follow the instructions
Always take the smart key with you
when leaving the vehicle.
below:
y
In addition to the situations above,
the keyless entry and start function
(A) If the combination instrument
NOTICE
may not work under certain
buzzer sounds once when
ambient conditions. For details,
y Don’t touch the Start switch in
turning on the ignition switch;
see
“Keyless Entry & Start
driving.
This indicates the smart key is not
System” in section 1-2.
inside the vehicle. The keyless entry
If an emergency engine stop is
& start system indicator stays on for
necessary when you are driving the
up to 8 seconds. You can operate the
vehicle, press and hold the Start
ignition switch only when the smart
switch for 3 seconds.
key is inside the vehicle.
Starting and Driving 4-5
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
(B) If the combination instrument
Manual Transmission
vehicle is still moving, shifting to
buzzer sounds once and the
Reverse gear may damage the
indicator flashes when turning off
transmission. After you step down on
the ignition switch;
the clutch pedal, please wait for a few
seconds and then shift to Reverse
This indicates the battery in the smart
gear; you can also shift to a forward
key runs low. Replace the smart key
gear for a short moment and then shift
battery in advance to ensure normal
to Reverse gear. In this way the gears
operation of the keyless entry & start
will stop before shifting to reverse,
system.
preventing the gears from “grinding”
(C) If the green indicator on the
For stable operation of the manual
each other.
ignition switch is flashing when
transmission, synchronizer systems
In braking, you can get extra braking
turning on the ignition switch;
are equipped for all forward gears.
force from the engine by downshift.
This indicates the steering lock is
The manual transmission is equipped
The engine braking force can
stuck. To release it, press down the
with a lock device to prevent shifting
maintain a safe speed, and prevent
ignition switch and slightly shake the
from
5th gear directly to Reverse
the brake overheating while driving
steering wheel at the same time.
gear.
downhill. Before downshifting, the
engine speed shown on the
(D) If the orange indicator on the
To shift gears, press the clutch pedal
tachometer must not enter the red
ignition switch blinks once every
fully down; to protect the clutch from
zone. Refer to the maximum
2 seconds;
excessive wear, don't step on the
allowable speed table below.
clutch pedal unless you want to shift
This indicates there is trouble with the
the gear.
steering lock, and your vehicle must
be serviced.
You can shift to Reverse gear only
after the vehicle stops. When the
Starting and Driving 4-6
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
Driving in a higher gear can maintain
Maximum Allowable Speed
To prevent damage to the engine, do
stable engine running. Doing so will
not downshift if you are going faster
There is a maximum allowable speed
save fuel and reduce exhaust
than the maximum allowable speed
for each gear. When exceeding these
emission. The recommended gear
for the next lower gear.
speeds, the engine speed will enter
shift points are listed below:
the red zone on the tachometer. If this
Maximum
Gear
Gear shifting
occurs, you will feel the engine cuts
Allowable Speed
Upshift
speed
out regularly, which is caused by a
1st
47 km/h
1st to 2nd
20-25 km/h
limiter in the engine’s computer
2nd
87 km/h
controls. The engine will run normally
2nd to 3rd
35-45 km/h
3rd
122 km/h
when you reduce the engine speed
below the red zone.
4th
164 km/h
3rd to 4th
50-60 km/h
Reverse
40 km/h
4th to 5th
70-80 km/h
Starting and Driving 4-7
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
Automatic Transmission
The automatic transmission is
equipped with a shift lock system to
minimize the possibility of incorrect
operation. The shift lever cannot be
moved out of P gear unless the
brake pedal is pressed down while
the ignition switch is at ON.
(a) Shift Lever
The current gear is displayed on
the combination instrument.
P: When parking, starting engine
Shift gear with the brake pedal
pressed down (ignition switch at
or when the key is removed.
ON)
R: Reverse gear
Normal gear shifting
N: Neutral gear
D: Drive gear
(you can shift to
With M or D selected, move
overdrive gear)
the shift lever to left/right
M: Drive at M gear
+: Upshift
-: Downshift
Starting and Driving 4-8
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
(b) Drive with Automatic Trans-
(c) Drive with Manual Transmission
mission Mode
When the shift lever is in D, shift it into
1. Start the engine following the
M gear to switch to manual
instructions in “Starting Engine”. The
transmission mode. Under the manual
transmission must be in P or N.
mode, push the shift lever to + or - to
manually upshift or downshift.
2. Press down the brake pedal, and
Gear indicator
move the shift lever into D.
Upshift +: when driving under manual
transmission mode, if you push the
The automatic transmission will select
Gear Selection:
shift lever to this position, the
a suitable gear according to the
powertrain control module will upshift
1. Upshift
driving conditions, such as the cruise
according to the vehicle speed until
setting or vehicle load.
2. Downshift
the transmission is in the highest
Driving in D gear can save fuel and
gear.
improve the vehicle stability. You can
Downshift
-: when driving under
shift into overdrive gear from D gear.
manual transmission mode, if you
When the engine coolant temperature
push the shift lever to this position,
is low, the transmission will not shift
the powertrain control module will
into overdrive gear even if it is in D.
downshift according to the vehicle
speed until the transmission is in the
CAUTION
lowest gear.
y Never step on the accelerator
The M indicator comes on and the
pedal when shifting gear.
current gear is displayed on the
y Don’t drive in N gear.
combination instrument.
Starting and Driving 4-9
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
Safety Inspection before
Wheel nuts: make sure the nuts are
check the seat belts for wear or
not loose or missing.
damage.
Driving
Fuel leakage: check under the
Instrument and controllers: make
You had better make a safety
vehicle for leak of fuel, oil, water or
sure the service reminding indicators
inspection before driving away. A
any other liquid. (water dripping from
and defrosters are working normally.
simple safety inspection can ensure
using the A/C system is normal)
safe driving and let you enjoy driving.
Brake system: make sure the brake
To conduct the visual inspection, you
Oil level: stop the vehicle on level
pedal free travel is sufficient.
are supposed to be familiar with the
ground, turn off the engine and
Inside engine compartment
automotive systems.
measure the oil level with a dipstick.
Spare fuses: make sure there are
(refer to “Check Oil Level” in section
CAUTION
spare fuses for all specifications
8.2.)
indicated on the fuse box.
y If you conduct the safety
Lights: make sure the headlights,
inspection in an enclosed
Coolant level: make sure the coolant
brake lights, tail lights, turn signal
garage, make sure there is
level is appropriate.
(refer to the
lights and other lights are working
proper ventilation.
Exhaust
section
“Check Engine Coolant
normally. Check the headlight beam
fumes contains many toxic
Level”)
height.
substances.
Wiring: check for loose, damaged or
Interior Inspection
broken wires.
Before Starting Engine
Spare tire, jack and wheel nut
wrench: check the press the spare
Fuel pipes: check for leaking or loose
Exterior Inspection
tire, and make sure the jack and
fuel pipes.
Tires: check the tire pressure with a
wheel nut wrench are in the vehicle.
tire gauge, and check for crack,
damage or excessive wear.
Seat belts: make sure all buckles can
fasten the seat belts normally, and
Starting and Driving 4-10
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
After Starting Engine
Driving Tips in Various
washing the vehicle or driving
Exhaust system: listen for leak noise
Conditions
through water. To check whether
in the exhaust system. If a leak is
the brake is wet, make sure the
y
Always slow down in gusty
area around the vehicle is safe
identified, you must arrange a repair
crosswinds. This will allow you
and slightly press down the brake
immediately.
(See
“Engine Exhaust
much better control.
pedal. If you feel the braking force
Warning” in Chapter 3.)
y
Drive slowly onto curbs and, if
is abnormal, the brake may be wet.
Oil level: stop the vehicle on level
possible, at a right angle. Avoid
To dry them, drive the vehicle
ground, turn off the engine and
driving onto high, sharp-edged
cautiously while lightly pressing
measure the oil level with a dipstick.
objects and other road hazards.
the brake pedal with the parking
In Driving
Failure to do so can lead to severe
brake applied. If the brake still
tire damage such as a tire burst.
cannot work normally, stop the
Instruments: make sure the
speedometer and other meters are
y
Drive slowly when passing over
vehicle at a safe place and contact
working normally when you are
bumps or traveling on a bumpy
a BYD service station for help.
driving the vehicle.
road. Otherwise, the impact could
y
After driving in sand, mud, water or
cause severe damage to the tires
snow, immediately check whether
Brake system: apply the brake under
and/or wheels.
the brake system is working
safe traffic conditions, and make sure
normally.
y
When parking on a hill, turn the
the vehicle will not pull to the left or
front wheels until they touch the
right side.
curb so that the vehicle will not roll.
Other abnormalities: check whether
Apply the parking brake, and set
there is any other loose or leaking
the transmission in
“P”. If
part. Listen for abnormal noise.
necessary, place wheel wedges
If no abnormality is found out, you can
behind the rear tires.
enjoy your driving now.
y
The brake may get wet after
Starting and Driving 4-11
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
brake is wet. Wet brake requires
CAUTION
Driving in Bad Weather
longer braking distance. The
y
Before driving the vehicle, make
vehicle may also pull to one side
In bad weather, rain, fog or snow will
sure the parking brake is fully
in braking. At this time, the
reduce visibility and driving force
released and the parking brake
parking brake will not hold the
between the tires and the road.
warning indicator goes out.
vehicle firmly in place.
Following the precautions below can
y
Do not leave the vehicle
improve driving safety.
unattended while the engine is
NOTICE
Keep your vehicle well-maintained. If
running.
you have to drive in bad weather, you
y
Do not rest your foot on the
y
Don’t drive in deep water. Large
should be extremely careful. Don’t
brake pedal in driving. This will
amount of water entering the
use cruise control in bad weather.
cause overheating, unnecessary
engine compartment may cause
wear and waste fuel.
Driving tips: don’t drive at high
damage to the engine or electric
speed in bad weather. Even if the
y
When driving downhill, slow
components.
road is just moderately wet, the
down the vehicle and shift to a
vehicle needs longer response time to
low gear. Excessive use of the
activate control devices. On a damp
brake can cause overheating
road, hard turning or braking may
and malfunction.
cause the vehicle running out of
y
Be careful when speeding up,
control. In the first few miles of driving
upshifting,
downshifting
or
under poor driving conditions,
braking on a slippery road. Hard
especially on snowy days, you should
acceleration or engine braking
be extremely careful. You may have
may cause wheel skidding or
forgotten the winter driving skills you
spinning.
developed last winter. Make exercises
y
Don’t continue driving when the
Starting and Driving 4-12
BYD M6 AUTO Owner’s Manual
to regain them.
Exterior Rearview Mirror Defrosters”).
How to Save Fuel and
Extend Vehicle Service
Be especially careful when it rains
Driving force
(adhesive force):
after a long dry period. That’s when
regularly check the tire wear and tire
Life
the oil and grease builds up on the
pressure. Inappropriate tire wear and
The following tips can help you
road,
creating
slippery
road
pressure may cause drifting
(tire
improve fuel economy simply. Abiding
conditions.
adhesion is lost) on wet surface.
by them can also extend the service
Visibility:
under all
weather
Always observe the ever-changing
life
of the vehicle and save
conditions, it is very important to have
road conditions. Wet leaves on the
maintenance costs.
a clear view outside the vehicle and to
road may be as slippery as ice. A road
y
Keep your tires inflated to the
let other drivers have a clear view of
that appears to be dry may be
proper pressure. Check the tire
your vehicle. In bad weather, visibility
covered by layers of thin ice. When
pressure every two weeks or at
will reduced significantly. Turn on the
the outside temperature is near
0
least monthly. Insufficient tire
headlights in daylight so that other
degrees Celsius, the road may be
pressure may cause excessive tire
drivers and roadway users can see
covered by a mixture of water and ice
wear and increased
fuel
you.
and driving can be very dangerous.
consumption.
The tire adhesion may experience
You must check the windshield wiper
y
Don’t load unnecessary weight in
sudden change.
and washer regularly. Keep sufficient
the vehicle. Heavier vehicles
fluid in the washer fluid reservoir. If
Be highly careful when downshifting.
increase the engine load and use
the wiper cannot clean the windshield
If the tire driving force is low, the
more fuel.
or leave streaks, the wipe blade must
driving wheels may be locked
y
Don’t warm up the engine with a
be replaced. In addition, you can use
temporarily and result in skidding.
long idle period. Once the engine
the defrosters and A/C system to
is running stable, you can drive
prevent fogging on the inside of
away - but slowly. Pay attention
windows (see “Rear Windshield and
that in cold days, it would take a
Starting and Driving 4-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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