BYD F0. Service Manual - part 6

 

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BYD F0. Service Manual - part 6

 

 

BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
Apply cleaning liquids containing
Accumulated snow or ice under the
anti-freezing agents.
dashboard may lead to turning difficulty. In
‹
Do not use water..
freezing winter, you should stop often to see
Such products are available in BYD
whether there is any accumulated ice or
Check the battery and the cable.
authorized
service
stations.
The
snow under the dashboard.
anti-freezing agent should be mixed with
Energy of all batteries can be reduced by
water according to instructions of the
It is suggested you carry some necessary
cold whether, so the battery shall have
manufacturer.
tools for emergent use according to the
sufficient power for starting in winter.
road conditions.
Section 7-3 introduces battery examination
Notice
by eye. BYD authorized service stations can
Its best you have a tire chain, a window
examine the charging status of the battery
‹
Do not use the engine
scraper, a bag of sand or salt, a signal
for you.
anti-freezing
agent
or
other
flashing device, a small shovel, connecting
substitutes as the cleaning liquid,
cables, etc. in the vehicle.
Make sure the engine oil viscosity is
since it may damage the vehicle
suitable for driving in winter.
paint.
Trailer towing
Refer to Section
7-2 for recommended
BYD F0 is designed mainly for transporting
engine oil viscosity. Too much summer-use
Do not use the parking brake if it may be
passengers. Towing trailers will exert
engine oil remaining in the engine will lead
frozen.
adverse
influence
on
operation,
to starting difficulty in winter. If you are not
performance,
brake,
durability
and
sure which engine oil should be used, you
For parking, set the gear lever in the neutral
economical driving (fuel consumption, etc.)
can seek help in any BYD authorized
gear and block up the rear wheels. Avoid
Safety and comfort of driving are totally
service station.
using the parking brake; otherwise, its
dependent on correct use of the instruments
periphery may be frozen by accumulated
and a good driving habit. For your own and
Protect door locks from being frozen by
water or snow, causing it difficult to release.
others safety, do not overload the vehicle
ice or snow.
or use it to haul trailers. BYD wont take
Make sure there is no accumulated snow
responsibilities for damage or faults caused
Inject some deicer or glycerin into the door
or ice under the dashboard.
by trailing with commercial purposes.
lock holes to prevent freezing.
80
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Weight limit
and the trailer. Avoid emergency
How to save fuel and prolong the
braking; otherwise slipping may
vehicle service life
Before towing a trailer, the towing capacity
cause vehicle folding and make the
of the trailer should be confirmed. You can
vehicle out of control.
Fuel consumption can be reduced easily and
contact a local BYD authorized service
conveniently. It can also lengthen the
center and make sure that the towing
service life of the vehicle. Following is
capacity of the trailer is within the regulated
Tires
some knowledge on reducing the fuel and
range.
repair expenditure:
z
Make sure the tires have proper
The towing capacity is determined on a flat
pressure. Refer to instructions in Section
z
Keep proper tire pressure. Tire
road surface. It should be remembered that
7-2.
pressure insufficiency will lead to tire wear
z
Keep the trailer tire pressure at the
in mountainous regions, the engine power
and increase the fuel consumption. Refer to
and its towing capacity will be reduced.
pressure strength defined by the trailer
instruction in Section 7-2.
manufacturer according to the total weight
z
Do not place unnecessary things on
of the trailer.
Friendly Tips
the vehicle. Too heavy weight will increase
the engine load and lead to fuel
z
The hauled trailer weight
Running-in procedures
consumption increase.
should not exceed the maximum
z
Avoid long-time pre-heating idling.
rated weight of the towing hook;
z
BYD Company suggests that all new
Once the engine has entered steady state,
otherwise, accidents and severe
vehicles or vehicles with new parts (engine,
you can start driving, but the operation
human damage may be caused.
speed reducer, differential, wheel bearing,
should be steady. It should be noted that in
transmission shaft, etc.) not haul trailers in
cold weather, the longer time is needed to
z
Towing may increase the brake
the first 2,000km (kilometer).
preheat the engine.
distance, so in trailer towing, the
z
Accelerate slowly and steadily.
safety distance should be lengthened.
Maintenance
Avoid sudden start. Drive with high-speed
At
a
speed
of
10km/h
gear shifts soon.
(kilometer/hour),
the
distance
z
Trailer towing will increase the load
z
Avoid long-time engine idling. To
between your vehicle and the
of the vehicle, so it should be maintained
wait for others when the traffic is not busy,
preceding vehicle should be at least
more frequently.
youd better stop the engine and, after the
the sum of the lengths of your vehicle
people have come, start it again.
81
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
Avoid lug down or over-speed
pedal or the brake pedal. This may
lives, all parts should be maintained
operation of the engine. Select proper
produce early wear and over heat and
regularly. If you often drive in harsh
speed gear shifts according to the road
consume large amounts of oil.
environments, the vehicle should be
conditions.
z
Position the front wheels correctly.
maintained more often (refer to Section 6).
z
Avoid frequent acceleration and
Avoid crushing into stones on road sides.
deceleration. It may increase the fuel
Drive slowly on uneven roads. Improper
Friendly Tips
consumption.
front wheel location can not only lead to
z
Avoid unnecessary parking or
over wear of tires, but also increase the
z
Do not stop the engine when
braking. Keep a steady speed. Driving in
engine load and fuel consumption.
going down slopes. If the engine is
accordance with the traffic signal lights can
z
The chassis should be kept clean
stopped, the power steering system
reduce the stop times to the minimum.
and free of mud. This can not only reduce
and the vacuum booster wont
Alternatively, drive on free roads with no
the vehicle weight but also prevent
function. Similarly, only when the
traffic lights with a proper distance kept
corrosion.
engine is working can the exhaust
from the preceding vehicle to avoid
z
Adjust the vehicle to keep it in the
pollutant control device can work
emergency braking. This can also reduce
optimal state. Dirty air filter, improper air
properly.
brake wear.
vale, dirty spark plug, dirty engine oil and
z
Avoid areas with busy traffic or
lubricant, improperly adjusted brakes, etc.
congestion as far as possible.
can all affect the engine performance and
z
Do not place your foot on the clutch
cause fuel waste. To prolong their useful
82
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 4
Chapter 4 Emergency Handling
The car can not start up
84
The engine shut down while driving
86
The car is overheated
87
The car has flat tires
88
If the car gets stuck
92
The car needs towing
92
83
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
The car can not start up
see "(c) Jump Start".
(b) Fuel Spill in Engine Starting
z
If the reading light is lit up but the
(a) Simple Check
engine can not start up, please contact
If the engine can not start up, maybe
the service store authorized by BYD.
there is fuel spilled as a result of repeated
First please make sure that you are trying to
starting.
start the car according to "Starting Method
Notice
for Engine" of Section
3. Then, check
In this case, please step on the accelerator
whether there is plenty of fuel, and whether
pedal in full force and meanwhile rotate the
Do not try to manage it by pulling or
the spare key can start the engine. If the
key to "III". Keep the key and accelerator
pushing the car, otherwise there may
spare key can start it, that means the master
pedal in place for
15 seconds, and then
be damage to the car or crash when
key may have been damaged and please
release them for another try of starting with
the engine starts up, and meanwhile
contact the service store authorized by BYD
your feet off the accelerator pedal.
three-way catalytic converter may get
for test. If no key can start up the vehicle,
If the engine still can not start up after the
overheated to start a fire. resulting in
probably there is something wrong with the
15 seconds, please release the key, and try
a fire.
engine system, and please contact the
starting once again several minutes later.
service store authorized by BYD for repair
Now if you still fail to start the engine,
(see "Key" of Section 1~2).
If the starter motot of the engine runs at
please contact the service store authorized
the normal speed but can not start the
by BYD for help.
If the engine can not run or run too
engine,
slowly,
Notice
Rotate the ignition key to "I" or "0" and try
1.
Check whether the battery connectors
again to start the engine.
‹
Each starting attempt should not
are tightened and clean.
If the engine can not start up, maybe there is
last more than
30 seconds, or the
2.
If the battery connectors are not the
fuel spilled as a result of repeated starting.
starter motor and line system may get
problem, please turn on the reading
Please see "(b) Fuel Spill in Engine
overheated.
light:
Starting" for more details.
z
If the reading light can not be lit up or
If the engine still can not be started, please
with dim light, or the battery power
contact the service store authorized by
run out during the engine is starting
BYD.
up, you can try a jump start. Please
84
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
(c) Jump Start
the way to clinic.
3.
Connect starting wires in order of a, b,
c, d:
z
If there is flame or sparkle
To avoid personal injury and damage to
nearby, the gas generated by battery
the car caused by battery explosion,
a) Connect the clamp of anode
(red)
may come into explosiondes. Please use
sulphur
acid
burning,
electrical
starting wire and anode terminal
standard wire for starting and avoid
appliances
burning, or damaged
(+) of the depleted battery.
smoking or lighting a match.
electronic components, please follow the
below instructions.
b) Connect the another clamp of anode
Notice
(red) starting wire and anode terminal
If you are not sure about these procedures,
(+) of the backup battery.
please ask the service store authorized by
‹
The battery power for starting is
BYD for help.
12V. Before conducting a jump start,
please make sure the battery is
Friendly Tips
applicable.
z
The battery containing sulphur
Procedures of Jump Start
acid is toxic and erosive. While
starting, please wear safety glasses and
1.
If the backup battery is installed in
protect your skin, clothes, and the car
another car, please make sure there is
from being touched by sulphur acid
no contact between two cars. Shut
leakage.
down all the unnecessary lights and
z
If sulphur acid runs onto your
auxiliary equipments.
body or into your eyes accidentally,
please take off the clothes attacked by
2.
Start and run the engine of the car
sulphur acid right away, wash the
with backup battery for a couple of
afflicted part with clean water, and
minutes. That is, step lightly on the
then go to see the doctor quickly. If
accelerator pedal to keep the engine
possible, please continue to scrub the
running for minutes at the speed of
afflicted part by wet sponge or cloth on
2000r/m.
85
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Below is the joint point:
pedal to keep the engine running for
Starting Wire
several minutes at the speed of
2000r/m.
5.
Disconnect the starting wire carefully
in
completely reversed order:
disconnect the cathode starting wire
first, and then disconnect the anode
starting wire. If the battery power is
depleted for reasons unknown, please
Depleted Battery
contact the service store authorized by
Cathode Terminal “-”
BYD for examination.
Backup Battery
If jump start fails
Please check whether the clamp on the
c) Connect the clamp of cathode (black)
starting wire is tightened. If the starting wire
starting wire and cathode terminal
is connected properly, please charge the
Joint Point on the Petrol Engine
(-) of the backup battery.
power-depleted battery for minutes and then
When the engine is running, please do not
d) Connect the another clamp of cathode
try again to start the engine in normal way.
connect the starting wire to any mobile
(black) starting wire to a solid, fixed,
If the engine still can not start up, please
object nearby.
unpainted metal fixation point on the
contact the service store authorized by BYD
power-depelted car.
for examination.
Warning
The engine shut down while driving
While connecting, please do not lean
the battery or make the starting wire
1.
Please slow down the car slowly, keep
touch any objects except the
moving in a straight way and drive
appointed battery terminal so as to
away from the road to a safe place.
avoid damage.
2.
Turn on the emergency flashlight.
3.
Rotate the ignition key to "I" or "0"
4.
Start the engine in normal way, and
and try again to start the engine.
then step lightly on the accelerator
86
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
If the engine can not be started, please see
is working. If not, please turn off the
5.
In case of no obvious leakage, please
"The Car Can Not Start Up".
ignition switch.
check the coolant overflow tank. If it
is dry, please add coolant to the tank
Friendly Tips
Friendly Tips
until the level is between two scale
marks while the engine is running.
If the engine can not run, the
z
To avoid personal injury, please
power-assisting device of brake and
keep the engine hood closed until
redirector will not work. So steering
there is no steam. The spouting of
Friendly Tips
and braking will be more difficult
steam or coolant means high
than usual.
z
In high temperature, the radiator
pressure.
cap is not allowed to be removed since
The car is overheated
the spouting high-temperature steam
3.
Check whether there is obvious
and liquid under pressure may cause
If the coolant thermometer for the engine
coolant leakage under the radiator,
serious damage.
indicates overheated, or there is power
hose, and the car. The water drop from
loss, loud knocking, or noisy bang, that
the air conditioning in use is a normal
means the engine may be overheated.
phenomenon.
6.
When the coolant temperature falls
Please handle it as per the procedures
down to the normal level, please
below:
Friendly Tips
check the coolant level in the tank
1.
Drive the car away from the road,
again and add additional coolantn if
park it, and turn on the emergency
z
When the engine is running,
necessary. Great loss of coolant means
flashlight. Set the transmission in the
please keep your hands & clothes a
leakage in the system, please contact
neutral position, and apply the parking
certain distance away from the
the service store authorized by BYD
brake. Stop using the air conditioning
working fan & driving belt of the
for immediate examination.
if it is running.
engine.
2.
If there is coolant or steam spouting
out of the radiator or expansion tank,
please shut down the engine until it is
4.
If there is coolant leakage, please shut
cooled down . If no coolant or steam
down the engine at once and contact
is spouting, just keep the engine
the service store authorized by BYD
running and make sure the cooling fan
for help.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
The car has flat tires
there may be bodily injury.
or bottom of the jack while lifting.
1.
Please decrease the car speed slowly,
z
When the car is lifted by jack,
z
Just lift the car to a height that
keep moving in a straight line, and
please do not start or operate the
allows tire removal and replacement.
drive away from the road to a safe
engine.
place on the firm and flat ground out
z
Park your car on the firm and
Notice
of busy traffic. Do not park your car
flat ground, apply the parking brake
on the turnout track of the central
tightly and set the transmission in the
‹
Do not continue to drive the car
highway.
neutral position. If necessary, lay the
with flat tire. Even a short drive will
2.
Shut down the engine and turn on the
chock block under the tire in the
damage the tire permanently.
emergency flashlight.
diagonal direction of the tire to be
3.
Apply the parking brake, and set the
replaced.
transmission in the neutral position.
Take out the
tools
required
and
4.
All people should go off the car for a
z
Make sure the jack is placed on
spare tire.
place away from traffic.
the right lifting point. To lift the car by
5.
Read the following instructions
a jack not placed properly may
carefully:
damage the car or make the car drop
down from the jack and thus cause
injuries.
Friendly Tips
z
When the car is supported
To
reduce the possibility of serious
completely by jack, no one is allowed
personal injury, please obey the
to stay under the car.
instructions below when you try to lift
the car by jack.
z
Jack-up is only for tire
replacement purpose.
z
Follow the instructions for
jack-up.
z
When someone is in the car,
please do not lift it.
z
No part of your body is allowed
to stay under the car lifted by jack, or
z
Do not put any thing on the top
88
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
6.
Cover Plate for Spare Tire
1.
Loosen the bolt and remove it, then
7.
Toolkit
take the spare tire out of the car.
8.
Retaining Bolt for Spare Tire
9.
Spare Tire
10.
Jack
In an emergency, you will need to repair the
car by yourself. Please well know the use
method and storage site of the jack and its
various tools.
Use your hand to rotate the
Put the chock block in front of the front tire
terminal of the jack
or behind the back tire.
Remove: rotate the terminal in direction 1
until the jack become flexible.
3.
Unscrew all the wheel bolts on the
To store the tire, please put the outside of
Collect: rotate the terminal in direction
2
flat tire.
the tire downward, and then fasten the tire
until the jack is fixed tightly to avoid it from
in the opposite order above to prevent it
being thrown forward when there is crash or
from being thrown forward when there is
emergency brake.
crash or emergency brake.
2.
While lifting, please lay the chock
block under the tire in the diagonal
direction of the flat tire to avoid the
car sliding.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Before jack-up, please unscrew the wheel
5.
Height that allows installation of
bolts counterclockwise to loosen them. To
spare tire.
strengthen unscrewing, you can nest a
spanner into the bolt with its hanle on the
right, and grip the handle end to pull up (see
figure above). Please avoid the spanner
slipping out of the bolt.
Do not remove the bolts, just loosen them.
Friendly Tips
Take off the flat tire and put aside.
Do not use motor oil or
Roll the spare tire to the installation position,
lubrication oil on the bolts, or the
Please notice that it needs larger clearance
aim the bolt hole at tire hole, and then screw
bolts will get loose to make the tire
to install the spare tire than remove the flat
the tire bolt and fasten it (with a torque of
tire.
drop off and cause serious accident.
For jack-up, please insert the jack handle
108 N· m).
into the jack
(loose joint) and rotate it
4. Place the jack under the proper lifting
clockwise. When the jack touches the car
point, as shown in the figure.
and starts lifting, please check again if the
jack is in the right position.
Friendly Tips
When the car is supported
completely by jack, no one is allowed
to stay under the car.
6.
Remove the wheel bolts and replace
the tire.
Before installation, please brush off all
corrosive materials on the installation
Make sure that the jack is placed on the flat
surface with a wire brush. During the
and solid ground.
90
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
installation, the metal areas on the installa-
7.
Lay down the car thoroughly and
Friendly Tips
tion surface must be well connected with
screw the wheel bolts firmly.
Please make sure no part of your
each other, or the wheel bolts may get loose
To lay down the car, please rotate the jack
body and no one nearby will get
and the tire may drop off while driving.
handle counterclockwise.
injured while laying down the car onto
Reinstall all the wheel bolts.
Please use a spanner to screw the bolts. Do
the ground.
not use any other lever tools except your
When the tire is replaced, please
hands, like hammer, tube, or your feet.
use the spanner with a torque of
Make sure the spanner is nested into the
108N·m (11kgf·m) to screw the bolts.
bolts firmly.
Or the bolts will get loose to make the
tire drop off and cause serious
accident.
After tire replacement
7.
pressure.
Before reinstallation, please use your hands
Adjust the tire pressure to the specified
to screw the wheel bolts firmly.
value in Section 8. If the current pressure is
lower than specified value, please drive the
Friendly Tips
car slowly to the nearby service station for
air charging until the tire pressure reaches
Do not use motor oil or
specified value.
lubrication oil for the bolts, or the bolts
As per the above order, screw the bolts
will be tightened overly and damaged.
Do not forget to install the tire valve cap, or
tighter and tighter one by one until all the
In this case the bolts will get loose to
dust and moisture will enter the valve core
bolts are fastened firmly.
make the tire drop off and cause
to cause possible air leakage. If you have
serious accident. So, if there is motor
oil or lubrication oil on the bolts,
please clear them off.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
lost the tire valve cap, please use a new one
Friendly Tips
The car needs towing
immediately.
z
While driving, if there are
Towing Forward
8.
Collect all the tools, jack, and flat
people or objects near the car, please
tire properly.
do not try to move the car by pushing
it forward and backward. Because in
After tire replacement, please use a torque
this way, the car will get out and
spanner to screw the wheel bolts to the
suddenly move forward or backward
Towing Backward
specified torque in Section 8. The flat tire
to cause bodily injury or object
should be repaired by technician.
damage nearby.
Friendly Tips
z
Before driving, please make sure
Towing by Platform Truck
all the tools, jack, and flat tire are
fixed in their storage position so as to
reduce the possibility of personal
injury caused by crash or emergency
braking.
If the car gets stuck
If you use proper towing gear to tow the car,
it will not be damaged.
If the car gets stuck in snow field, mud
Improper towing way may damage the car.
field, or sand field, please try to get it out
Most towing personnel know the right
by pushing it forward and backward.
towing method, but something may go
wrong accidentally. To avoid damage to the
car, please follow the precautions below.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Precautions for Towing
Notice
Notice
Towing should use safety chain system and
‹
Please use the specified towing
‹
Please use the towing cable or
obey national, provincial, and local law. The
hook, or the car may be damaged.
chain designed specifically for car
wheel and axle touching the ground should
towing. Tie the cable or chain to the
‹
Do not tow the car backward
be in good condition. If they are damaged,
towing hook firmly.
with all four wheels on the ground, or
you will need platform truck for towing.
it
will
seriously
damage the
transmission.
Before towing, please release the parking
Emergency Towing
brake and set the transmission in the neutral
position. The key should be at "I"
(idle
The driver should sit inside driving the car
engine) or "II" (running engine).
and controlling the brake.
Friendly Tips
Towing in this way may only move the car
slowly for a short distance on the hard road.
z
If the engine can not run, the
Meanwhile the wheels, axle, transmission,
power-assisted device of brake and
steering wheel, and brake should be in good
redirector will not work. So direction
condition.
changing and braking will be more
difficult than usual.
Friendly Tips
z
While towing, please avoid
For towing, you can entrust the service store
sudden startup and unstable driving
authorized by BYD to handle on your
operation, because they will exert
behalf.
great stress on emergency towing
If you can not find a tow company for
hook, and towing cable or chain. The
emergency situation, please tie the towing
hook, cable, or chain may crack to
cable or chain to the emergency towing
result in serious personal injury or
hook at the bottom of the car and conduct a
damage to the car.
temporary tow carefully.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 5
Chapter 5 Anti-corrosion and Automobile Exterior Maintenance
Anti-corrosion
95
Washing and waxing
96
Inside cleaning
97
94
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Anti-corrosion
keeping the car, especially the bottom part
Check the car's paint and decorative
clean, and repairing the damaged paint film
pieces. When there is any fragment or crack
Proper maintenance for the car can prevent
and protection film ASAP.
on the paint film, please repair it at once to
corrosion for a long time.
avoid the access to corrosion. If the
The common causes for car corrosion:
To avoid corrosion for BYD F0, please
fragments or cracks peel off the metal
z
Saline-alkali, dust, and moisture
follow the instructions below:
surface, please contact the service store
concentrate at the unaccessible parts of
authorized by BYD for repair.
bottom of the car.
Wash the car regularly.
z
The paint film or bottom layer is
Washing your car regularly can keep it clean.
Check inside of carriage. Moisture and
scratched by slight crash or foreign bodies
But for anti-corrosion, please abide by the
dust will concentrate beneath the floor mats
such as sand.
following points:
and cause corrosion, please check the
z
In winter if you drive the car on the
underside of the floor mats frequently and
If you live in a special area or operate the
road with saline-alkali or live by the sea,
make sure it is dry. When you transport
car in special circumstance, please be
please wash the running part of the car at
chemicals, detergent, fertilizer, or salt,
careful:
least once per month to reduce corrosion.
please pay particular attention and use
z
The dust on the road with saline-alkali
z
High pressure or steam is effective for
proper containers for transportation. In case
or chemical substances will speed up
cleaning chassis and wheel cover. Slurry
of any spillage or leakage, please clean it
corrosion. The air along the seacoast or in
and dirt in these positions are difficult to
immediately and keep dry.
contaminated industrial park is also saline.
remove, you need to pay extra attention as
z
High moisture will speed up corrosion,
getting the slurry and crumbs wet without
Use mudguard. When driving in
especially in the area with a temperature
removing them may cause severer damage.
saline-alkali area or on the gravel road, you
just over 0°C.
Please avoid the dust jamming the drain
can use mudguard to protect the car. The
z
Certain parts of the car are always
hole on the lower edge of the door, sill plate,
mudguard with big size and short distance
under moisture or humidity. Even if the rest
and frame, or water accumulated will lead
from the ground has better effect. Small
parts are kept dry, corrosion will occur.
to corrosion.
mudguard for wheel cover of BYD F0 is a
z
High compartment temperature may
z
Arrange a thorough cleaning for the
decorative item. The service store
cause corrosion to the parts which can not
chassis when winter is over.
authorized by BYD can provide the service
get dry quickly due to lack of proper
For more hints, please see "Washing and
of mudguard installation to the users.
ventilation.
Waxing".
The above items show the importance of
95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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