Volvo S90 (2019 year). Instruction - part 31

 

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Volvo S90 (2019 year). Instruction - part 31

 

 

WHEELS AND TIRES

522

Tires

The function of the tires is to carry loads, provide
traction on road surfaces, reduce vibrations and
protect the wheels from wear.

The tires significantly influence the vehicle's driv-
ing characteristics. The type, dimensions, tire
pressure and speed rating have a considerable
impact on how the vehicle performs.

Your vehicle is equipped with tires according to
the vehicle's tire information placard on the B-pil-
lar (the structural member at the side of the vehi-
cle, at the rear of the driver's door opening).

WARNING

A damaged tire could cause the driver to lose

control of the vehicle.

CAUTION

Some Volvo models are equipped with an
Ultra High Performance tire and wheel com-
bination designed to provide maximum dry
pavement performance with consideration for
hydroplaning resistance. They may be more
susceptible to road hazard damage and,
depending on driving conditions, may achieve
a tread life of less than 30,000 km (20,000
miles). Even if this vehicle is equipped with
Volvo's advanced AWD or stability system,
these tires are not designed for winter driving,
and should be replaced with winter tires when
weather conditions dictate.

The tires have good road holding characteristics
and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces.
It should be noted however that the tires have
been developed to give these features on snow/
ice-free surfaces.

Most models are equipped with "all-season" tires,
which provide a somewhat higher degree of road-
holding on slippery road surfaces than tires with-
out the "all-season" rating. However, for optimal
roadholding on icy or snow-covered roads, Volvo
recommends snow tires on all four wheels.

When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires
are the same size designation, type (radial) and
preferably from the same manufacturer, on all

four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering
the vehicle's roadholding and handling characte-
ristics.

Recommended tires

On delivery, the car is equipped with Volvo origi-
nal tires that have the VOL

1

 marking on the side

of the tires. These tires have been designed spe-
cifically for your vehicle. It is therefore important
when replacing tires that the new tires have this
same marking to help maintain the vehicle's driv-
ing characteristics, comfort and fuel consumption.

New tires

Tires are perishable goods. After a few years,
they will begin to harden and their friction proper-
ties will gradually deteriorate. Always replace tires
with the freshest tires possible. This is particularly
important for snow tires. A series of numbers is

1

This may vary for certain tire dimensions.

WHEELS AND TIRES

}}

523

imprinted on the sidewall of the tire. The last four
digits in the series is the Department of
Transportation (DOT) stamp and indicates the
week and year the tire was manufactured. The
tire in the illustration has 0717 as the last four
digits, which means it was manufactured week 7
of 2017.

Tire age

Tires degrade over time, even when they are not
being used. It is recommended that tires gener-
ally be replaced after 6 years of normal service.
Heat caused by hot climates, frequent high load-
ing conditions or Ultra Violet (U.V.) exposure can
accelerate the aging process. The temporary
spare 

2

 should also be replaced at 6-year inter-

vals, even if it has never been used. A tire with
e.g., visible cracks or discoloration should be
replaced immediately.

Tire economy

Maintain correct tire pressure.

Avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire
screeching.

Tire wear increases with speed.

Correct front wheel alignment is very impor-
tant.

Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and
driving comfort.

Tires must maintain the same direction of
rotation throughout their lifetime.

When replacing tires, the tires with the most
tread should be mounted on the rear wheels
to reduce the chance of oversteer during
hard braking.

Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the
tires and/or wheels permanently.

Tire rotation

Your vehicle has no required tire rotation. Driving
style, tire pressure, climate and road conditions
affect how quickly the tires age and exhibit signs
of wear. Maintaining the correct tire pressure
helps keep tread wear evenly distributed.

To help prevent differences in tread depth and
wear patterns forming on the tires, the front and
rear wheels should be rotated, i.e. the front tires
moved to the rear and the rear tires moved to the
front. Ideally, tire rotation should be done the first
time after approximately 5000 km (ca
3100 miles) and thereafter at 10,000 km
(approx. 6200 miles) intervals.

If you have any questions regarding tread depth,
Volvo recommends consulting an authorized
Volvo workshop. If significant differences in wear
(> 1 mm difference in tread depth) between the
tires have already occurred, the least worn tires
should always be mounted on the rear wheels. A
front-wheel skid (understeer) is usually easier to

control than a rear-wheel skid (oversteer). If the
front wheels skid, the vehicle will continue in a
straight line instead of the rear wheels skidding
to the side, which could cause you to completely
lose control of the vehicle. It is therefore impor-
tant that the rear wheels never lose grip before
the front wheels.

Storing wheels and tires

When storing complete wheels (tires mounted on
rims), they should be suspended off the floor or
placed on their sides on the floor.

Tires not mounted on rims should be stored on
their sides or standing upright, but should not be
suspended.

CAUTION

Tires should preferably be stored in a cool,
dry, dark place, and should never be stored in
close proximity to solvents, gasoline, oils, etc.

2

Not available on all models.

||

WHEELS AND TIRES

* Option/accessory.

524

WARNING

The wheel and tire sizes for your Volvo
are specified to meet stringent stability
and handling requirements. Unapproved
wheel/tire size combinations can nega-
tively affect your vehicle's stability and
handling.

Any damage caused by installation of
unapproved wheel/tire size combinations
will not be covered by your new vehicle
warranty. Volvo assumes no responsibility
for death, injury, or expenses that may
result from such installations.

Related information

Checking tire pressure (p. 529)

Tire direction of rotation (p. 524)

Tread wear indicator (p. 525)

Tire pressure monitoring system* (p. 531)

Tire sealing system (p. 544)

Uniform Tire Quality Grading (p. 528)

Tire terminology (p. 525)

Tire sidewall designations (p. 526)

Loading recommendations (p. 560)

Tire direction of rotation

Tires with tread designed to roll in only one
direction are marked with an arrow on the side-
wall.

The arrow shows the tire's direction of rotation.

The tire should maintain the same direction
of rotation throughout its service life.

Tires should only be moved between the
front and back, never from right to left or vice
versa.

Incorrectly mounted tires impair the vehicle's
braking properties and ability to force aside
rain, snow and slush.

The tires with the most tread should always
be mounted on the rear wheels to help
reduce the risk of skidding.

NOTE

Use tires of the same type, dimensions and
make (manufacturer) on each axle.

Related information

Tires (p. 522)

WHEELS AND TIRES

}}

525

Tread wear indicator

The tread wear indicator shows the status of the
tire's tread.

The tread wear indicator is a narrow elevated
strip running across the tire's longitudinal tread
grooves. The letters TWI (Tread Wear Indicator)
are visible on the side of the tire. When approxi-
mately 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) is left on the tread,
the tread will be at the same height as the tread
wear indicator. Replace the tire as soon as possi-
ble. Tires with low tread offer very poor traction in
rain or snow.

Related information

Tires (p. 522)

Tire terminology

The following is a glossary of tire-related terms.

The tire suppliers may have additional markings,
notes or warnings such as standard load, radial
tubeless, etc.

Tire information placard: A placard show-
ing the OE (Original Equipment) tire sizes,
recommended inflation pressure, and the
maximum weight the vehicle can carry.

Tire Identification Number (TIN): A number
on the sidewall of each tire providing infor-
mation about the tire brand and manufactur-
ing plant, tire size and date of manufacture.

Inflation pressure: A measure of the
amount of air in a tire.

Standard load: A class of P-metric or Metric
tires designed to carry a maximum load at 35
psi [37 psi (2.5 bar) for Metric tires]. Increas-
ing the inflation pressure beyond this pres-
sure will not increase the tires load carrying
capability.

Extra load: A class of P-metric or Metric
tires designed to carry a heavier maximum
load at 41 psi [43 psi (2.9 bar) for Metric
tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure
beyond this pressure will not increase the
tire's load carrying capability.

kPa: Kilopascal, a metric unit of air pressure.

PSI: Pounds per square inch, a standard unit
of air pressure.

B-pillar: The structural member at the side
of the vehicle behind the front door.

Bead area of the tire: Area of the tire next
to the rim.

Sidewall of the tire: Area between the bead
area and the tread.

Tread area of the tire: Area of the perime-
ter of the tire that contacts the road when
mounted on the vehicle.

Rim: The metal support (wheel) for a tire or a
tire and tube assembly upon which the tire
beads are seated.

Maximum load rating: a figure indicating
the maximum load in pounds and kilograms
that can be carried by the tire. This rating is
established by the tire manufacturer.

Maximum permissible inflation pressure:
the greatest amount of air pressure that
should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set
by the tire manufacturer.

Recommended tire inflation pressure:
inflation pressure, established by Volvo,
which is based on the type of tires that are
mounted on a vehicle at the factory. This
information can be found on the tire inflation
placard(s) located on the driver's side B-pillar
and in the tire inflation table in this chapter.

Cold tires: The tires are considered to be
cold when they have the same temperature
as the surrounding (ambient) air. This tem-

||

WHEELS AND TIRES

526

perature is normally reached after the vehicle
has been parked for at least 3 hours.

Related information

Tires (p. 522)

Tire sidewall designations

The following information can be found on a
tire's sidewall.

Federal law mandates that tire manufacturers
place standardized information on the sidewall of
all tires (see the illustration).

The vehicle has been certified with certain combi-
nations of wheels and tires.

The following information is listed on the tire
sidewall:

The tire designation:

NOTE

Please be aware that the following tire desig-
nation is an example only and that this par-
ticular tire may not be available on your vehi-
cle.

1. 215: the width of the tire (in millimeters)

from sidewall edge to sidewall edge. The
larger the number, the wider the tire.

2. 65: The ratio of the tire's height to its width

in percent.

3. R: Radial tire (the designation RF and the

 symbol indicate that the vehicle is

equipped with optional self-supporting run
flat tires

3

.

4. 15: The diameter of the wheel rim (in

inches).

5. 95: The tire's load index. In this example, a

load index of 95 equals a maximum load of
1521 lbs (690 kg).

6. H: The tire's speed rating, or the maximum

speed at which the tire is designed to be
driven for extended periods of time, carrying
a permissible load for the vehicle, and with
correct inflation pressure. For example, H
indicates a speed rating of 210 km/h
(130 mph).

3

Self-supporting run flat tires may not be available on all models.

WHEELS AND TIRES

527

NOTE

The tire's load index and speed rating may
not appear on the sidewall because they are
not required by law.

7. M+S or M/S = Mud and Snow, AT = All Ter-

rain, AS = All Season

8. U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number

(TIN): This begins with the letters "DOT" and
indicates that the tire meets all federal
standards. The next two numbers are the
factory code where the tire was manufac-
tured, the next two are the tire size code and
the last four numbers represent the week
and year the tire was made. For example,
0717 means that the tire was manufactured
during week 7 of 2017. The numbers in
between are marketing codes used at the
manufacturer's discretion. This information
helps a tire manufacturer identify a tire for
safety recall purposes.

9. Tire Ply Composition and Material Used:

Indicates the number of plies indicates or the
number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in
the tire tread and sidewall. Tire manufactur-
ers also must indicate the ply materials in the
tire and the sidewall, which include steel,
nylon, polyester, and others.

10. Maximum Load: Indicates the maximum

load in pounds and kilograms that can be
carried by the tire. Refer to the vehicle's tire

information placard located on the B-Pillar
for the correct tire pressure for your vehicle.

11. Treadwear, Traction, and Temperature

grades.

12. Maximum permissible inflation pressure:

the greatest amount of air pressure that
should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set
by the tire manufacturer.

Speed Symbol

A tire's Speed Symbol (SS) indicates the maxi-
mum speed for which the tire has been certified
and should be at least equivalent to the vehicle's
top speed.

Winter tires, with or without studs, are exceptions
and may use a lower SS. When winter tires are
installed, the vehicle may not be driven faster
than the tires' SS.

The vehicle's speed should always be determined
by the posted speed limit and traffic and road
conditions, not the tire's SS.

The following table indicates the maximum per-
missible speed for each SS.

M

130 km/h (81 mph)

Q

160 km/h (100 mph)

T

190 km/h (118 mph)

H

210 km/h (130 mph)

V

240 km/h (149 mph)

W

270 km/h (168 mph)

Y

300 km/h (186 mph)

WARNING

The wheel and tire sizes for your Volvo
are specified to meet stringent stability
and handling requirements. Unapproved
wheel/tire size combinations can nega-
tively affect your vehicle's stability and
handling.

Any damage caused by installation of
unapproved wheel/tire size combinations
will not be covered by your new vehicle
warranty. Volvo assumes no responsibility
for death, injury, or expenses that may
result from such installations.

Related information

Tires (p. 522)

WHEELS AND TIRES

528

Uniform Tire Quality Grading

ALL PASSENGER VEHICLE TIRES MUST
CONFORM TO FEDERAL SAFETY REQUIRE-
MENTS IN ADDITION TO THESE GRADES.

Quality grades can be found, where applica-
ble, on the tire sidewall between the tread
shoulder and maximum section width. For
example:

Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A

TREADWEAR

The treadwear grade is a comparative rating
based on the wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified gov-
ernment test course. For example, a tire graded
150 would wear one and one half (1 ½) times as
well on the government course as a tire graded
100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however,
and many depart significantly from the norm due
to variation in driving habits, maintenance practi-
ces and differences in road characteristics and
climate.

TRACTION

The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are
AA, A, B, and C, as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces
of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may
have poor traction performance.

WARNING

The traction grade assigned to this tire is

based on braking (straight-ahead) traction

tests and is not a measure of cornering (turn-

ing) traction.

TEMPERATURE

The temperature grades are A (the highest), B,
and C, representing the tire's resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the
tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and exces-
sive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a minimum level of
performance that all passenger vehicle tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels
of performance on the laboratory test wheel than
the minimum required by law.

WARNING

The temperature grade for this tire is estab-

lished for a tire that is properly inflated and

not overloaded. Excessive speed, under-infla-

tion, or excessive loading, either separately or

in combination, can cause heat buildup and

tire failure.

Related information

Tires (p. 522)

Tire sidewall designations (p. 526)

WHEELS AND TIRES

* Option/accessory.

529

Checking tire pressure

Correct inflation pressure helps improve driving
stability, save fuel and increase the service life of
the tires.

Tire pressure decreases over time, which is nor-
mal. Tire pressure also varies depending on the
ambient temperature. Driving on under-inflated
tires could cause the vehicle to overheat and lead
to damage. Tire pressure affects traveling com-
fort, road noise and driving characteristics.

Check the pressure in the tires every month. Use
the recommended inflation pressure for cold tires
for optimal tire performance and wear. Under-
inflated or over-inflated tires could cause uneven
tread wear.

Use an air pressure gauge and check the infla-
tion pressure on all the tires, including the spare
tire

4

, at least once a month and before long trips.

Volvo strongly recommends buying a reliable air
pressure gauge, as the automatic gauges provi-
ded at service stations may be inaccurate.

WARNING

Under-inflation is the most common
cause of tire failure and may result in
severe tire cracking, tread separation, or
"blow-out," with unexpected loss of vehi-
cle control and increased risk of injury.

Under-inflated tires reduce the load car-
rying capacity of your vehicle.

Cold tires

Inflation pressure should be checked when the
tires are cold.

The tires are considered to be cold when they
have the same temperature as the surrounding
(ambient) air.

This temperature is normally reached after the
vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours.

After driving for approximately 1.6 km (1 mile),
the tires are considered to be warm. If you need
to drive longer than that to inflate the tires, check
and record the inflation pressure of the tires first
and inflate accordingly when you arrive at the
pump.

When the ambient temperature changes, so does
the inflation pressure. A 10-degree temperature
drop causes a corresponding drop in inflation
pressure of 1 psi (7 kPa). Check the inflation
pressure of the tires regularly and adjust to the

correct pressure, which can be found on the vehi-
cle's tire information placard or certification label.

If you check inflation pressure when the tires are
warm, you should never release air. The tires
become warm after driving and it is normal for
warm tires to have an inflation pressure above
the recommended pressure for cold tires. A warm
tire with an inflation pressure equal to or under
the recommended pressure for cold tires could
be significantly under-inflated.

Related information

Adjusting tire pressure (p. 530)

Recommended tire pressure (p. 531)

Tire pressure monitoring system* (p. 531)

Tires (p. 522)

4

Not available in all models.

WHEELS AND TIRES

530

Adjusting tire pressure

Tire pressure decreases over time, which is nor-
mal. The tire pressure must therefore be
adjusted to maintain the recommended tire pres-
sure.

Use the recommended inflation pressure for cold
tires for optimal tire performance and wear.

NOTE

To help prevent incorrect inflation pressure,
pressure should be checked when the tires
are cold. The tires are considered to be cold
when they have reached the same tempera-
ture as the ambient temperature (about 3
hours after the vehicle was last driven). After
driving for a few kilometers, the tires will warm
up and the pressure will increase.

1. Remove the valve cap from the tire and press

the air pressure gauge firmly onto the valve.

2. Inflate the tire to the correct inflation pres-

sure; see the tire pressure placard on the
driver's side B pillar for recommended pres-
sures for factory-mounted tires.

3. Screw the valve cap back on.

NOTE

After inflating a tire, always replace the
valve cap to help prevent valve damage
caused by gravel, dirt, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps
could corrode and become difficult to
remove.

4. Visually inspect the tire to make sure there

are no nails or other embedded objects that
could puncture the tire and cause air leak-
age.

5. Check the sidewalls to make sure there are

no gouges, cuts, bulges or other irregulari-
ties.

6. Repeat this procedure for each tire, including

the spare tire

5

.

NOTE

If you have overfilled the tire, release air by
pushing on the metal stem in the center of
the valve. Then recheck the pressure with
your tire gauge.

Some spare tires require higher inflation pres-
sure than the other tires. Consult the tire
inflation pressure table or the inflation pres-
sure placard.

Related information

Recommended tire pressure (p. 531)

Checking tire pressure (p. 529)

Inflate tires with the compressor included in
the tire sealing system (p. 549)

Approved tire pressure (p. 637)

5

Not available on all models.

WHEELS AND TIRES

}}

* Option/accessory.

531

Recommended tire pressure

The tire pressure placard on the driver's side B
pillar (between the front and the rear door) indi-
cates tire pressure for different loads and speed
conditions.

The decal specifies the designation for the fac-
tory-mounted tires on the vehicle, as well as load
limits and inflation pressures.

Related information

Checking tire pressure (p. 529)

Approved tire pressure (p. 637)

Tire pressure monitoring system*

The tire pressure monitoring system

6

 provides a

warning symbol in the instrument panel if pres-
sure is too low in one or more tires.

Symbol

Explanation

This symbol illuminates to indicate
low inflation pressure.

If there is a system malfunction, the
inflation pressure warning symbol
will flash for approximately one
minute and then glow steadily.

System description

The tire pressure monitoring system measures
differences in rotational speed between the
wheels through the ABS system to determine if
the tires are properly inflated. If inflation pressure
in a tire is too low, its diameter (and consequently
its rotational speed) changes. By comparing the
tires with each other, the system can determine if
the pressure in one or more tires is too low.

General information about the tire pressure
monitoring system

In the following description, the tire monitoring
system is generally referred to as TPMS.

Each tire, including the spare (if provided)

7

should be checked monthly when cold and infla-

ted to the inflation pressure recommended by the
vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle placard or
tire inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has
tires of a different size than the size indicated on
the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label,
you should determine the proper tire inflation
pressure for those tires.)

As an added safety feature, your vehicle has
been equipped with a tire pressure monitoring
system (TPMS) that illuminates a low tire pres-
sure telltale when one or more of your tires is
significantly under-inflated. Accordingly, when the
low tire pressure telltale illuminates, you should
stop and check your tires as soon as possible,
and inflate them to the proper pressure.

Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire cau-
ses the tire to overheat and can lead to tire fail-
ure. Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency
and tire tread life, and may affect the vehicle's
handling and stopping ability. Please note that
the TPMS is not a substitute for proper tire main-
tenance, and it is the driver's responsibility to
maintain correct tire pressure, even if under-infla-
tion has not reached the level to trigger illumina-
tion of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale.

Your vehicle has also been equipped with a
TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly. The TPMS mal-
function indicator is combined with the low tire

6

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)

7

Not available on all models.

||

WHEELS AND TIRES

* Option/accessory.

532

pressure telltale. When the system detects a mal-
function, the telltale will flash for approximately
one minute and then remain continuously illumi-
nated. This sequence will continue upon subse-
quent vehicle start-ups as long as the malfunc-
tion exists. When the malfunction indicator is illu-
minated, the system may not be able to detect or
signal low tire pressure as intended.

TPMS malfunctions may occur for a variety of
reasons, including the installation of replacement
or alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that
prevent the TPMS from functioning properly.

Always check the TPMS malfunction telltale after
replacing one or more tires or wheels on your
vehicle to ensure that the replacement or alter-
nate tires and wheels allow the TPMS to con-
tinue to function properly.

Messages in the instrument panel

If tire pressure is too low, the low tire pressure
warning symbol is shown in the instrument panel
along with a message.

Tire pressure low

 

Check tires, calibrate

after fill

Tire pressure system

 

Temporarily

unavailable

Tire pressure system

 

Service required

To keep in mind

Always calibrate the system after changing
wheels or adjusting tire pressure. See the tire
pressure placard on the driver's side B pillar
for Volvo-recommended tire pressures.

If you switch to a tire of another size than the
factory-mounted tires, the system must be
calibrated for these tires to avoid false warn-
ings.

If a spare wheel

8

 is used, it is possible that

the tire pressure monitoring system will not
work correctly due to the differences
between the wheels.

The system does not replace the need for
regular tire inspection and maintenance.

It is not possible to deactivate the tire pres-
sure monitoring system.

WARNING

Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to
tire failure, which could cause the driver
to lose control of the vehicle.

The system cannot predict sudden tire
damage.

Related information

Recommended tire pressure (p. 531)

Viewing tire pressure status in the center
display* (p. 534)

Action when warned of low tire pressure
(p. 535)

Calibrating the tire pressure monitoring sys-
tem* (p. 533)

8

Not available on all models.

WHEELS AND TIRES

}}

* Option/accessory.

533

Calibrating the tire pressure

monitoring system*

In order for the tire pressure monitoring system 

9

to function correctly, tire pressure reference val-
ues must be set correctly. This must be done
each time the tires are changed or the tire pres-
sure is adjusted.

For example, when driving with a heavy load or at
high speeds (over 160 km/h (100 mph)), tire
pressure should be adjusted to the Volvo-recom-
mended tire pressure values. The system should
then be recalibrated.

1. Switch off the ignition.

2. Inflate the tire to the correct inflation pres-

sure; see the tire pressure placard on the
driver's side B pillar for recommended pres-
sures for factory-mounted tires.

3. Start the vehicle.

4. Open the 

Car Status

 app in App view.

5. Tap 

TPMS

.

NOTE

The car must be stationary when calibration is
started.

6. Tap 

Calibrate

.

7. Tap 

OK

 to confirm that the tire pressure in

all four tires has been checked and adjusted.

8. Run the car until calibration is complete.

Calibration is done when the vehicle is driv-
ing at a speed above 35 km/h (22 mph).

If the car's ignition is switched off before cal-
ibration is complete, the tires in the center
display change color from gray to green upon
next start-up, even if calibration is not com-
plete. Perform the calibration again and allow
it to complete within the same operating
cycle to ensure that the calibration is carried
out correctly.
> When enough data has been collected for

the system to detect low tire pressure, the
color of the tire symbols in the center dis-
play will change from gray to green. The
system will not provide any other confir-
mation that calibration has been comple-
ted.

If start-up of calibration fails, the following
message appears: 

Calibration

unsuccessful. Try again.

.

9

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)

||

WHEELS AND TIRES

* Option/accessory.

534

NOTE

Always remember to calibrate the Tire Pres-
sure Monitoring System when the wheels
have been changed or the tire inflation pres-
sure has been corrected according to the tire
pressure decal or tire inflation pressure table.

If correct reference values have not been set,
the system cannot issue low tire pressure
alerts correctly.

The vehicle must be stationary with the
engine running to access the calibration but-
ton and to start the calibration process.

WARNING

The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide,

which is invisible and odorless but very poi-

sonous. For this reason, always perform the

calibration procedure outdoors or in a work-

shop with exhaust gas evacuation equipment.

Related information

Recommended tire pressure (p. 531)

Adjusting tire pressure (p. 530)

Viewing tire pressure status in the center
display* (p. 534)

Action when warned of low tire pressure
(p. 535)

Tire pressure monitoring system* (p. 531)

Viewing tire pressure status in the

center display*

With the system for tire pressure monitoring 

10

,

tire pressure status can be viewed in the center
display.

Checking status

1. Open the 

Car Status

 app in App view.

2. Tap 

TPMS

 to display the status of the tires.

Status indicator light

The graphic in the center display shows the sta-
tus of each tire

11

.

Green tire:

Inflation pressure is above the warning
threshold.

Yellow tire:

The tire's inflation pressure is too low. Stop
and check/inflate the tire as soon as possi-
ble. Recalibrate the system after adjusting
the tire pressure.

All tires yellow:

The inflation pressure is too low in one or
more tires. Stop and check/inflate the tires
as soon as possible. Recalibrate the system
after adjusting tire pressure.

10

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)

WHEELS AND TIRES

}}

* Option/accessory.

535

All tires gray:

Calibration in progress.

Status unknown.

The vehicle may need to be driven for a few
minutes at a speed above 35 km/h (22 mph) to
activate the system.

All tires gray and a message:

Tire pressure system

 

Temporarily

unavailable

. The indicator symbol will flash

for about 1 minute and then glow steadily.
The system is temporarily unavailable and will
be activated momentarily.

Tire pressure system

 

Service required

.

The indicator symbol will flash for about 1
minute and then glow steadily. If the system
is not working properly, contact a work-
shop

12

.

Related information

Calibrating the tire pressure monitoring sys-
tem* (p. 533)

Action when warned of low tire pressure
(p. 535)

Tire pressure monitoring system* (p. 531)

Vehicle status (p. 568)

Action when warned of low tire

pressure

When the system for monitoring inflation pres-
sure 

13

 detects low inflation pressure in a tire,

immediate action is required.

If the system's indicator symbol illumi-
nates and the message 

Tire pressure

low

 is displayed, check the tire pres-

sure and inflate if necessary.

1. Switch off the ignition.

2. Check the inflation pressure on all four tires

using a tire pressure gauge.

3. Inflate the tire to the correct inflation pres-

sure; see the tire pressure placard on the
driver's side B pillar for recommended pres-
sures for factory-mounted tires.

4. Through calibration of the system via the

center display after the tire pressure has
been adjusted.

Please be aware that the indicator symbol
will not go out until the low tire pressure has
been corrected and the system has been
recalibrated.

NOTE

To help prevent incorrect inflation pressure,
pressure should be checked when the tires
are cold. The tires are considered to be cold
when they have reached the same tempera-
ture as the ambient temperature (about 3
hours after the vehicle was last driven). After
driving for a few kilometers, the tires will warm
up and the pressure will increase.

NOTE

After inflating a tire, always replace the
valve cap to help prevent valve damage
caused by gravel, dirt, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps
could corrode and become difficult to
remove.

WARNING

Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to
tire failure, which could cause the driver
to lose control of the vehicle.

The system cannot predict sudden tire
damage.

11

The illustration is generic. Layout may vary depending on vehicle model or software version.

12

An authorized Volvo workshop is recommended.

13

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)

||

WHEELS AND TIRES

* Option/accessory.

536

Related information

Recommended tire pressure (p. 531)

Adjusting tire pressure (p. 530)

Calibrating the tire pressure monitoring sys-
tem* (p. 533)

Viewing tire pressure status in the center
display* (p. 534)

Tire pressure monitoring system* (p. 531)

Inflate tires with the compressor included in
the tire sealing system (p. 549)

When changing wheels

The wheels can be changed, e.g. to switch to
snow tires or spare tires. Follow the applicable
instructions for removing and installing the
wheel.

Changing to tires of another dimension

Make sure that the tire dimension is approved for
use on the vehicle.

If you change to tires of another dimension, con-
tact an authorized Volvo workshop to update the
vehicle's software. A software update may be
necessary when changing to tires of larger/
smaller dimensions or when changing to or from
snow tires.

Related information

Removing a wheel (p. 538)

Installing a wheel (p. 540)

Tool kit (p. 536)

Snow tires (p. 543)

Spare wheel (p. 541)

Wheel bolts (p. 537)

Tool kit

Tools for e.g. towing or changing wheels are
provided in the vehicle's trunk.

The foam block under the cargo compartment
floor contains the towing eyelet, the tire sealing
system, the tool for removing plastic wheel bolt
covers and the tool for removing the locking
wheel bolts.

If the vehicle is equipped with a spare wheel*

14

, a

jack, lug wrench, and a package with
disposable gloves and a bag for the damaged
wheel are also provided.

Related information

When changing wheels (p. 536)

Jack* (p. 537)

14

Not available on all models.

WHEELS AND TIRES

}}

* Option/accessory.

537

Jack*

The jack can be used to lift the vehicle to e.g.
change a wheel.

The illustration is generic – the design may vary.

CAUTION

When not in use, the jack* should be kept
in its storage compartment under the
cargo compartment floor.

The jack provided with your vehicle is
intended to be used only in temporary sit-
uations such as changing wheels in the
event of a flat tire. Only the jack that
came with your particular model should
be used to lift the vehicle. If the vehicle
needs to be lifted more frequently or for a
prolonged period, using a garage jack or
hoist is recommended. Always follow this
device's instructions for use.

The jack needs to be cranked together to the
correct position in order to fit.

Models with leveling control*

If the vehicle is equipped with the optional pneu-
matic suspension, it must be turned off before
the vehicle is lifted on a jack.

Related information

Tool kit (p. 536)

Wheel bolts

The wheel bolts hold the wheel in place on the
wheel hub.

CAUTION

The wheel bolts should be tightened to
140 Nm (103 ft. lbs.). Over-tightening or
under-tightening could damage the threaded
joints.

Only use rims that have been tested and
approved by Volvo and are included in Volvo's
original product range.

Use a torque wrench to check that the wheel
bolts are tightened correctly.

Do not grease the wheel bolt threads.

WARNING

The wheel bolts may need to be tightened

again several days after a wheel change.

Temperature fluctuations and vibrations can

cause them to loosen slightly.

Locking wheel bolts*

A tool for removing the locking wheel bolts is
located in the foam block under the cargo com-
partment floor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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