Opel Insignia (2019 year). Manual - part 13

 

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Opel Insignia (2019 year). Manual - part 13

 

 

198

Driving and operating

● driver seat belt is unfastened.
● driver's door is open.

Extended hold hill start assist

Vehicles with automatic transmission

are additionally equipped with the

extended hold hill start assist. This

function holds the vehicle stationary

for up to five minutes after the brake

pedal is released.
The electric parking brake will be

automatically activated to prevent

vehicle movement when one of the

following conditions occurs:

● extended hold hill start assist is

deactivated after five minutes.

● ignition is switched off.
● driver's exit is detected.

Hill start assist or extended hold hill

start assist can be selected in the

vehicle personalisation. 3 124

Note

Hill start assist and extended hold

hill start assist will not be activated in

neutral gear. If neutral gear is

selected during an active hold,

assists will deactivate and vehicle

may start moving.

Ride control systems

Traction Control system

The Traction Control system (TC) is a

component of the Electronic Stability

Control (ESC).
TC improves driving stability when

necessary, regardless of the type of

road surface or tyre grip, by

preventing the drive wheels from

spinning.
As soon as the drive wheels starts to

spin, engine output is reduced and

the wheel spinning the most is braked

individually. This considerably

improves the driving stability of the

vehicle on slippery road surfaces.

TC is operational after each engine

start as soon as the control indicator

b

 extinguishes.

When TC operates b flashes.

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Driving and operating

199

9 Warning

Do not let this special safety

feature tempt you into taking risks

when driving.
Adapt speed to the road

conditions.

Control indicator b 3 108.

Deactivation

TC can be switched off when spinning

of drive wheels is required: press t

briefly.

Control indicator k illuminates.
A status message appears in the

Driver Information Centre when TC is

deactivated.
When TC is deactivated, ESC

remains active but with higher control

threshold.
TC is reactivated by pressing t again.

A status message pops up in the

Driver Information Centre when TC is

reactivated.
TC is also reactivated the next time

the ignition is switched on.

Fault

If there is a fault in the system the

control indicator b illuminates

continuously and a message appears

in the Driver Information Centre. The

system is not operational.

Have the cause of the fault remedied

by a workshop.

Electronic Stability Control

Electronic Stability Control (ESC)

improves driving stability when

necessary, regardless of the type of

road surface or tyre grip.
As soon as the vehicle starts to

swerve (understeer/oversteer),

engine output is reduced and the

wheels are braked individually.
ESC operates in combination with the

Traction Control system (TC). It

prevents the drive wheels from

spinning.
Torque distribution is a special

feature that allocates the torque to the

drive wheels before the ESC

intervenes. When cornering, the

wheels on the inner curve are braked

individually. Additionally, engine

torque will be delivered to the drive

wheel on the outer curve. This

reduces the tendency of

understeering and improves traction

when cornering fast.

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200

Driving and operating

ESC is operational after each engine

start as soon as the control indicator

b

 extinguishes.

When ESC operates b flashes.

9 Warning

Do not let this special safety

feature tempt you into taking risks

when driving.
Adapt speed to the road

conditions.

Control indicator b 3 108.

Deactivation

ESC and TC can be deactivated:

● hold t pressed for a minimum of

five seconds: ESC and TC are

both deactivated. k and t

illuminate and status messages

appear in the Driver Information

Centre.

● To deactivate only Traction

control system press button t

briefly: TC is inactive but ESC

remains active, k illuminates. A

status message appears in the

Driver Information Centre when

TC is deactivated.

ESC is reactivated by pressing the t

button again. If the TC system was

previously disabled, both TC and

ESC are reactivated. k and t

extinguishes when TC and ESC are

reactivated.
ESC is also reactivated the next time

the ignition is switched on.

Fault

If there is a fault in the system the

control indicator b illuminates

continuously and a message appears

in the Driver Information Centre. The

system is not operational.

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Driving and operating

201

Have the cause of the fault remedied

by a workshop.

Interactive driving system

FlexRide

FlexRide driving system allows the

driver to select between three driving

modes:

● SPORT mode: press SPORT,

LED illuminates.

● TOUR mode: press TOUR, LED

illuminates.

● AUTO or Standard / Normal

mode: neither SPORT nor

TOUR is pressed, no LED

illuminates.

Deactivate SPORT mode or TOUR

mode by pressing corresponding

button once more.
In each driving mode Flex Ride

adjusts the following electronic

systems:

● electronic damping control
● accelerator pedal control
● electronic power steering control
● automatic transmission

● adaptive cruise control
● all-wheel drive
● engine sound enhancement
● instrument cluster theme

SPORT mode

The settings of the systems are

adjusted for a sportier driving style:

● Damping of shock absorbers is

set up for increased handling and

agility.

● The engine reacts more quickly

to accelerator pedal changes.

● Steering support is sportier.

● Automatic transmission shift

points optimised for sporty

driving.

● Adaptive cruise control is

adjusted for a sportier driving

style.

● All-wheel drive supports active

sporty driving of the vehicle.

● Engine sound enhancement

intensifies interior engine sound

in a sporty manner.

● Cluster theme changes to sport.

TOUR mode

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202

Driving and operating

TOUR mode adjusts the settings of

the systems for a comfortable driving

style.

● Damping of shock absorbers is

adapted for increased driving

comfort.

● Steering efforts are reduced.
● Adaptive cruise control is

adjusted for a more relaxed

driving style.

AUTO mode

All versions except GSi: All settings of

the systems are preset to standard

values optimised for daily driving

(default mode). This is the fully

adaptive mode, adjusting systems to

both comfort and sport settings

depending on driving style and driving

situation.

Normal mode

GSi versions only: All settings of the

systems are preset to standard

values optimised for daily driving

(default mode). This mode keeps the

standard values independent of

driving style or driving situation.

Adaptive drive mode control

Within each manually selected driving

mode SPORT, TOUR or AUTO, Drive

Mode Control (DMC) detects and

analyses continuously the driving

situation and the driver's driving style.

If necessary, DMC automatically

adjusts damping and steering for the

duration of the occuring situation.
If, for example, normal settings are

active in AUTO mode and DMC

detects a sporty driving behaviour, it

automatically changes systems into

sporty settings unless the driver

deselects sporty damping or steering

in the Sport Mode Customisation.
If, for another example, comfort

settings are active in TOUR mode

and whilst driving on a winding road a

sudden hard brake is necessary,

DMC will detect the dynamic vehicle

condition and changes the settings

for suspension back to normal

(default) setting to enhance vehicle

stability.
When the driving characteristic or the

dynamic vehicle state returns to the

former state, DMC will change to

preselected settings.

Settings

The settings of drive modes can be

changed in the vehicle

personalisation menu in the Info

Display 3 124.

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Driving and operating

203

Driver assistance

systems

9 Warning

Driver assistance systems are

developed to support the driver

and not to replace the driver's

attention.
The driver stays in full control of

the vehicle and accepts full

responsibility when driving the

vehicle.
When using driver assistance

systems, always take care

regarding the current traffic

situation and follow applicable

traffic rules.

Cruise control

The cruise control can store and

maintain speeds of approx. 30 km/h

to maximum vehicle speed.

Deviations from the stored speeds

may occur when driving uphill or

downhill.
Activating in first gear is not possible.

Do not use the cruise control if it is not

advisable to maintain a constant

speed.

Control indicator m 3 111.

Switching on

Press m; control indicator m in

instrument cluster illuminates white.

Activation

Accelerate to the desired speed and

turn thumb wheel to SET/-, the

current speed is stored and

maintained. Control indicator m in

instrument cluster illuminates green.

On Mid- and Uplevel display m

illuminates green and set speed is

indicated. Accelerator pedal can be

released.
Vehicle speed can be increased by

depressing the accelerator pedal.

When the accelerator pedal is

released, the previously stored speed

is resumed.
Cruise control remains activated

while gearshifting.

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204

Driving and operating

Increase speed

With cruise control active, hold thumb

wheel turned to RES/+ or briefly turn

to RES/+ repeatedly: speed

increases continuously or in small

increments.
Alternatively accelerate to the desired

speed and store by turning to SET/-.

Reduce speed

With cruise control active, hold thumb

wheel turned to SET/- or briefly turn to

SET/- repeatedly: speed decreases

continuously or in small increments.

Deactivation

Press y; control indicator m in

instrument cluster illuminates white.
On Mid- or Uplevel display m

changes to white.
Cruise control is deactivated, but not

switched off. Last stored speed

remains in memory for later speed

resume.

Automatic deactivation:

● Vehicle speed is below approx.

30 km/h.

● Vehicle speed drops more than

25 km/h below the set speed.

● The brake pedal is depressed.
● The clutch pedal is depressed for

a few seconds.

● The selector lever is in N.
● Engine speed is in a very low

range.

● The Traction Control system or

Electronic Stability Control is

operating.

● Parking brake is applied.
● Simultaneous pressing RES/+

and brake pedal deactivates

cruise control and will delete

stored speed.

Resume stored speed

Turn thumb wheel to RES/+ at a

speed above 30 km/h. The stored

speed will be obtained.

Switching off

Press m, control indicator m in

instrument cluster extinguishes. The

stored speed is deleted.
Pressing L to activate the speed

limiter or switching off the ignition also

switches off cruise control and

deletes the stored speed.

Speed limiter

The speed limiter prevents the

vehicle exceeding a preset maximum

speed.
The maximum speed can be set at

speeds above 25 km/h up to

200 km/h.
The driver can only accelerate up to

the preset speed. Deviations from the

limited speed may occur when driving

downhill.
The preset speed limit is displayed in

the Driver Information Centre when

the system is active.

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Driving and operating

205

Activation

Press L, symbol L illuminates in the

Driver Information Centre.
If cruise control has been activated

before, it is switched off when speed

limiter is activated and the control

indicator m extinguishes.

Set speed limit

Accelerate to the desired speed and

briefly turn thumb wheel to SET/-: the

current speed is stored as maximum

speed.
On Baselevel display L and the

speed limit is displayed.

On Mid- and Uplevel display L

changes to green.

Change speed limit

With speed limiter active, hold or

briefly turn thumb wheel to RES/+ to

increase or SET/- to decrease the

desired maximum speed.

Exceeding the speed limit

When exceeding the limited speed

without driver input, the speed will

flash in the Driver Information Centre

and a chime sounds during this

period.
In the event of an emergency, it is

possible to exceed the speed limit by

depressing the accelerator pedal

firmly nearly to the final point. In this

case no chime appears.

Release the accelerator pedal and

the speed limiter function is

reactivated once a speed lower than

the limit speed is obtained.

Deactivation

Press y: speed limiter is deactivated

and the vehicle can be driven without

speed limit.

On Baselevel display the stored

limited speed is indicated in brackets.
On Mid- or Uplevel display L

changes to white.
Additionally, a corresponding

message appears.
Speed limiter is deactivated, but not

switched off. Last stored speed

remains in memory for later speed

resume.

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206

Driving and operating

Resume limit speed

Turn thumb wheel to RES/+. The

stored speed limit will be obtained

and is indicated without brackets in

the Driver Information Centre.

Switching off

Press L, the speed limit indication

extinguishes in the Driver Information

Centre. The stored speed is deleted.
By pressing m to activate cruise

control or adaptive cruise control,

speed limiter is also deactivated and

the stored speed is deleted.
By switching off the ignition, speed

limiter is also deactivated, but the

speed limit will be stored for next

speed limiter activation.

Adaptive cruise control

Adaptive cruise control is an

enhancement to conventional cruise

control with the additional feature of

maintaining a certain distance behind

the vehicle ahead.

Adaptive cruise control automatically

decelerates the vehicle when

approaching a slower moving vehicle.

It then adjusts the vehicle speed to

follow the vehicle ahead at the

selected following distance. The

vehicle speed increases or decreases

to follow the vehicle in front, but will

not exceed the set speed. It may

apply limited braking with activated

brake lights.
To facilitate overtaking a vehicle on

the motorway, the activation of the

turn signal reduces the following

distance for a short time. This function

is implemented only on the respective

driver's side depending on left or right

hand drive vehicle configuration.
The adaptive cruise control can store

set speed over 30 km/h. On vehicles

with automatic transmissions the

system can brake until a full stop and

drive off from a stop.

Adaptive cruise control uses radar

and camera sensors to detect the

vehicles ahead. If no vehicle is

detected in the driving path, the

adaptive cruise control will behave

like a conventional cruise control

3

 203.

For additional information including a

video, visit us online.
Adaptive cruise control is mainly

advised to be used on long straight

roads like highways or country roads

with steady traffic. Do not use the

system if it is not advisable to

maintain a constant speed.
Control indicator A 3 111, C 3 111.
Additionally, the status of the

adaptive cruise control is indicated on

the Driver Assistance page in the

Driver Information Center 3 112.

9 Warning

The complete driver attention is

always required while driving with

adaptive cruise control. The driver

stays fully in control of the vehicle

because the brake pedal, the

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Driving and operating

207

accelerator pedal and the cancel

switch have priority over any

adaptive cruise control operation.

Switching on the system

Press v to switch on adaptive cruise

control. C appears in the Driver

Information Centre.

Indication on Driver Assistance page

If the system is switched on but

inactive, a white bar in the set gap

position appears in front of the vehicle

symbol.

Activation of the functionality by

setting the speed

Adaptive cruise control can be

activated at speeds above 25 km/h on

vehicles with automatic transmission

or 30 km/h on vehicles with manual

transmission. The upper speed limit is

180 km/h.

Accelerate to the desired speed and

move thumb wheel to SET/-, the

current speed is stored and

maintained.

The adaptive cruise control symbol

C

, the following distance setting and

set speed are indicated in the Driver

Information Centre.
The accelerator pedal can be

released. Adaptive cruise control

remains activated during gear

shifting.

Overriding set speed

It is always possible to drive faster

than the selected set speed by

depressing the accelerator pedal.

When the accelerator pedal is

released, the vehicle returns to the

desired distance if a slower vehicle is

ahead. Otherwise it returns to the

stored speed.

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208

Driving and operating

Once the system is activated,

adaptive cruise control decelerates or

brakes if it detects a vehicle ahead,

which is slower or closer than the

desired following distance.

9 Warning

Accelerating by the driver

deactivates automatic braking by

the system. This is indicated as a

pop-up warning in the Driver

Information Centre or by the

adaptive cruise control symbol

turning blue.

Indication on Driver Assistance page

As long as the set speed is

overridden, the bars in front of the

vehicle symbol appear blue.

Increase or reduce speed

The preset speed can be changed by

moving thumb wheel to RES/+ to

increase or SET/- to decrease the

speed. Move thumb wheel repeatedly

to change speed in small steps, move

and hold to change speed in large

steps.

Resume stored speed

If the system is switched on but

inactive and a speed was stored

before, move thumb wheel to RES/+

at a speed above 5 km/h (with

automatic transmission) or above 30

km/h (with manual transmission) to

resume the stored speed.

Full speed range adaptive cruise

control on vehicles with automatic

transmission

Full speed range adaptive cruise

control will maintain a following

distance behind a detected vehicle

and slow your vehicle to a stop behind

that vehicle.
When the vehicle ahead accelerates

after a brief stop, the adaptive cruise

control will drive off automatically

without driver action. If necessary,

press RES/+ or the accelerator pedal

to resume adaptive cruise control.

Pressing the accelerator pedal allows

more control over the acceleration

after driving off. Note that automatic

braking is disabled during usage of

the accelerator pedal.
If the stopped vehicle ahead stands

for a longer time and then begins to

move forward, the green illuminated

vehicle ahead control indicator A will

flash and a warning chime will sound

as a reminder to check traffic before

resuming.

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Driving and operating

209

9 Warning

When full speed range adaptive

cruise control is deactivated or

cancelled, the vehicle will no

longer be held at a stop and can

start moving. Always be prepared

to manually apply the brake pedal

to hold the vehicle stationary.
Do not leave the vehicle while it is

being held at a stop by the full

speed range adaptive cruise

control. Always move selector

lever to park position P and switch

off the ignition before leaving the

vehicle.

Setting the following distance

When adaptive cruise control detects

a slower moving vehicle in the driving

path, it will adjust the vehicle speed to

maintain the following distance

selected by the driver.
The following distance can be set to

near, medium or far.

Press K, the current setting is shown

in the Driver Information Centre.

Press K again to change the

following distance. The setting is also

displayed in the Driver Information

Centre.

The selected following distance is

indicated by filled distance bars in the

adaptive cruise control page.
Note that the following distance

setting is shared with the sensitivity

setting of forward collision alert

3

 216.

Example: If setting 3 (far) is selected,

then the driver is warned sooner

before a possible collision, also if

adaptive cruise control is inactive or

switched off.

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210

Driving and operating

9 Warning

The Driver accepts full

responsibility to drive with the

appropriate following distance

based on traffic, weather, visibility

and regional regulation. Following

distance must be adjusted or the

system switched off when required

by the prevailing conditions.

Indication on Driver Assistance page

Adaptive cruise control in Sport

mode

On vehicles with Flex Ride driving

modes, the driver can slightly

increase the Adaptive cruise control

acceleration when Sport mode is

selected. This function can be

deactivated in the Flex Ride

visualisation menu 3 201

Detecting the vehicle ahead

The green illuminated vehicle ahead

control indicator A is displayed when

the system detects a vehicle in the

driving path. The range of the sensors

is between 25 and 150 metres

depending on vehicle speed.
Forward collision alert 3 216.
If this symbol does not display, or

displays briefly, adaptive cruise

control will not respond to vehicles

ahead.

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Driving and operating

211

Indication on Driver Assistance page

If the system is active and a preceding

vehicle is detected, the bars in front of

the vehicle symbol appear green and

indicate set gap position.

Deactivation of the functionality

Adaptive cruise control is deactivated

by the driver when:

● y is pressed.
● Brake pedal is applied.
● Clutch pedal is depressed for

more than four seconds.

● Selector lever of automatic

transmission is moved to N.

The system is also automatically

deactivated when:

● Vehicle speed accelerates above

190 km/h or slows down below

25 km/h. Vehicles with automatic

transmission slows down to a

stop without deactivating within

five minutes.

● The Traction Control system is

deactivated or operating.

● The Electronic Stability Control is

deactivated or operating.

● There is no traffic and nothing

detected on the road sides for

approx. one minute. In this case

there are no radar echoes and

the sensor may report that it is

blocked.

● The active emergency braking

system is applying the brakes.

● Driving on steep inclines.
● The radar sensor is blocked by

an ice or water film.

● A fault is detected in the radar,

camera, engine or brake system.

● The brakes need to cool down.

Additionally, the system is

automatically deactivated on vehicles

with automatic transmission (full

speed range adaptive cruise control)

when:

● The incline uphill or downhill is

greater than 20%.

● The electric parking brake is

applied.

● The vehicle is being held to a stop

by the system for more than

five minutes.

● The vehicle stops, the driver's

seat belt is unbuckled and the

driver's door is opened.

The stored speed is indicated in

brackets in the Driver Information

Centre when the system is

deactivated but not switched off.

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212

Driving and operating

The adaptive cruise control symbol

C

 changes from green to white when

the system is deactivated but not

switched off.

9 Warning

When adaptive cruise control is

deactivated, the driver must take

over full brake and engine control

immediately.

Switching off the system

Press v to switch off adaptive cruise

control. The control indicator C

extinguishes in the Driver Information

Centre. The stored speed is deleted.
Switching off the ignition also

switches off adaptive cruise control

and deletes the stored speed.

Driver's attention

● Use adaptive cruise control

carefully on bends or mountain

roads, as it can lose the vehicle

ahead and needs time to detect it

again.

● Do not use the system on

slippery roads as it can create

rapid changes in tyre traction

(wheel spinning), so that you

could lose control of the vehicle.

● Do not use adaptive cruise

control during rain, snow or

heavy dirt, as the radar sensor

can be covered by a water film,

dust, ice or snow. This reduces or

suppresses completely the

visibility. In case of sensor

blockage, clean the sensor

cover.

System limits

9 Warning

The system's automatic brake

force does not permit hard braking

and the braking level may not be

sufficient to avoid a collision.

● After a sudden lane change, the

system needs a certain time to

detect the next preceding

vehicle. So if a new vehicle is

detected, the system may

accelerate instead of braking.

● Adaptive cruise control does

ignore the oncoming traffic.

● Adaptive cruise control does not

consider pedestrians and

animals for braking and driving

off.

● Adaptive cruise control considers

stopped vehicles only at low

speed.

● Do not use adaptive cruise

control when towing a trailer.

● Do not use adaptive cruise

control on roads with an incline of

more than 10%.

Bends

The adaptive cruise control calculates

a predicted path based on the

centrifugal force. This predicted path

considers the current bend

characteristic, but cannot consider a

future bend change. The system may

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Driving and operating

213

lose the current vehicle ahead or

consider a vehicle which is not in the

actual lane. This can happen when

entering or exiting a bend or if the

bend gets stronger or weaker. The

camera applies a certain correction

based on the detectable lane

markings. The control indicator A will

extinguish, if a vehicle ahead is no

longer detected.
If the centrifugal force is too high in a

bend, the system slows down the

vehicle slightly. This braking level is

not designed to avoid spinning-off the

bend. The driver is responsible for

reducing the selected speed before

entering a bend and in general to

adapt the speed to the road type and

to existing speed limits.

Motorways

On motorways, adapt the set speed

to the situation and the weather.

Always consider that adaptive cruise

control has a limited visibility range, a

limited braking level and a certain

reaction time to verify if a vehicle is on

the driving path or not. Furthermore,

adaptive cruise control was designed

to brake as late as possible to allow

changing the lane before the

automatic braking. Adaptive cruise

control may not be able to brake the

vehicle in time to avoid a collision with

a much slower vehicle or after a lane

change. This is particularly true while

driving fast or if the visibility is

reduced due to weather conditions.
While entering or exiting a motorway,

adaptive cruise control may lose the

vehicle ahead and accelerate up to

the set speed. For this reason,

decrease the set speed before the

exit or before the entry.

Vehicle path changes

If another vehicle enters your driving

path, adaptive cruise control will first

consider the vehicle when it is

completely in your path. Be ready to

take action and depress the brake

pedal, if you need to brake more

quickly.

Hill considerations

9 Warning

Do not use adaptive cruise control

on steep hill roads.

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