Opel Grandland X (2018 year). Manual - part 13

 

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Opel Grandland X (2018 year). Manual - part 13

 

 

198

Driving and operating

General information

The official fuel consumption and

specific CO

2

 emission figures quoted

relate to the EU base model with

standard equipment.
Fuel consumption data and CO

2

emission data are determined

according to regulation R (EC) No.

715/2007 (in the version respectively

applicable), taking into consideration

the vehicle weight in running order, as

specified by the regulation.
The figures are provided only for the

purpose of comparison between

different vehicle variants and must

not be taken as a guarantee for the

actual fuel consumption of a

particular vehicle. Additional

equipment may result in higher

results than the stated consumption

and CO

2

 figures. Furthermore, fuel

consumption is dependent on

personal driving style as well as road

and traffic conditions.

Trailer hitch

General information

Only use towing equipment that has

been approved for your vehicle.

Vehicles with natural gas engines

require special towing equipment.
Entrust retrofitting of towing

equipment to a workshop. It may be

necessary to make changes that

affect the cooling system, heat

shields or other equipment.
The bulb outage detection function for

trailer brake light cannot detect a

partial bulb outage. E.g. in case of

4x 5 Watt bulbs, the function only

detects lamp outage when only a

single 5 Watt lamp remains or none

remain.
Fitting of towing equipment could

cover the opening of the towing eye.

If this is the case use the coupling ball

bar for towing. Always keep the

coupling ball bar in the vehicle.

Driving characteristics and

towing tips

Before attaching a trailer, lubricate

the coupling ball. However, do not do

so if a stabiliser, which acts on the

coupling ball, is being used to reduce

snaking movements.
During trailer towing do not exceed a

speed of 80 km/h. A maximum speed

of 100 km/h is only appropriate if an

oscillation damper is used and the

permissible gross trailer weight does

not exceed the vehicle’s curb weight.
For trailers with low driving stability

and caravan trailers, the use of an

oscillation damper is strongly

recommended.
If the trailer starts snaking, drive more

slowly, do not attempt to correct the

steering and brake sharply if

necessary.
When driving downhill, drive in the

same gear as if driving uphill and

drive at a similar speed.
Adjust tyre pressure to the value

specified for full load 3 249.

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Driving and operating

199

Trailer towing

Trailer loads

The permissible trailer loads are

vehicle and engine-dependent

maximum values which must not be

exceeded. The actual trailer load is

the difference between the actual

gross weight of the trailer and the

actual coupling socket load with the

trailer coupled.
The permissible trailer loads are

specified in the vehicle documents. In

general, they are valid for gradients

up to 12%.
The permissible trailer load applies

up to the specified incline and at sea

level. Since engine power decreases

as altitude increases due to the air

becoming thinner, therefore reducing

climbing ability, the permissible gross

train weight also decreases by 10%

for every 1000 metres of altitude. The

gross train weight does not have to be

reduced when driving on roads with

slight inclines (less than 8%, e.g.

motorways).

The permissible gross train weight

must not be exceeded. This weight is

specified on the identification plate

3

 240.

Vertical coupling load

The vertical coupling load is the load

exerted by the trailer on the coupling

ball. It can be varied by changing the

weight distribution when loading the

trailer.
The maximum permissible vertical

coupling load (70 kg) is specified on

the towing equipment identification

plate and in the vehicle documents.
Always aim for the maximum load,

especially in the case of heavy

trailers. The vertical coupling load

should never fall below 25 kg.

Rear axle load

When the trailer is coupled and the

towing vehicle fully loaded, the

permissible rear axle load (see

identification plate or vehicle

documents) may be exceeded by

60 kg, the gross vehicle weight rating

may be exceeded by 60 kg. If the

permissible rear axle load is

exceeded, a maximum speed of

100 km/h applies.

Towing equipment

Caution

When operating without a trailer,

remove the coupling ball bar.

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200

Driving and operating

Fitting the coupling ball bar

Disengage and fold down the socket.

Remove the sealing plug from the

opening for the coupling ball bar and

stow it.

Checking the tensioning of the

coupling ball bar

● Red marking on rotary knob must

point towards green marking on

coupling ball bar.

● The gap between the rotary knob

and the coupling ball bar must be

approx. 6 mm.

● Remove the cover from the lock

of the rotary knob and verify

whether the rotary knob is

locked. If the rotary knob cannot

be turned, it is locked.

Otherwise, the coupling ball bar must

be tensioned before being inserted:

● Unlock coupling ball bar by

turning key to position c.

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Driving and operating

201

● Pull out rotary knob and turn

clockwise as far as it will go.

Inserting the coupling ball bar

Insert the tensioned coupling ball bar

in the opening and push firmly

upwards until it audibly engages.
The rotary handle snaps back into its

original position resting against the

coupling ball bar without a gap.

9 Warning

Do not touch rotary handle during

insertion.

Lock the coupling ball bar by turning

the key to position e. Remove the key

and close the protective flap.

Eye for break-away stopping cable

Attach breakaway stopping cable to

eye.

Check that the coupling ball bar is

correctly installed

● Green marking on rotary knob

must point towards green

marking on coupling ball bar.

● There must be no gap between

the rotary handle and the

coupling ball bar.

● The coupling ball bar must be

firmly engaged in the opening.

● The coupling ball bar must be

locked and the key removed.

9 Warning

Towing a trailer is permitted only

when a coupling ball bar is fitted

correctly. If the coupling ball bar

does not engage correctly, seek

the assistance of a workshop.

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202

Driving and operating

Dismounting the coupling ball bar

Open the protective flap and turn the

key to position c to unlock the

coupling ball bar.
Pull out rotary handle and turn

clockwise as far as it will go. Pull out

coupling ball bar downwards.
Insert sealing plug in opening. Fold

away socket.

Trailer stability assist

If the system detects snaking

movements, engine power is reduced

and the vehicle/trailer combination is

selectively braked until the snaking

ceases. While system is working keep

steering wheel as still as possible.
Trailer stability assist (TSA) is a

function of the Electronic Stability

Control 3 155.

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Vehicle care

203

Vehicle care

General Information ................... 203

Accessories and vehicle

modifications .......................... 203

Vehicle storage ........................ 204

End-of-life vehicle recovery ..... 205

Vehicle checks ........................... 205

Performing work ...................... 205

Bonnet ..................................... 205

Engine oil ................................. 206

Engine coolant ......................... 207

Washer fluid ............................ 208

Brakes ..................................... 208

Brake fluid ............................... 208

Vehicle battery ......................... 208

Diesel fuel system bleeding ..... 210

Wiper blade replacement ........ 210

Bulb replacement ....................... 211

Halogen headlights .................. 211

LED headlights ........................ 212

Fog lights ................................. 212

Tail lights ................................. 213

Side turn signal lights .............. 216

Number plate light ................... 216

Interior lights ............................ 216

Instrument panel illumination ... 216

Vehicle tools .............................. 217

Tools ........................................ 217

Wheels and tyres ....................... 218

Winter tyres ............................. 218

Tyre designations .................... 218

Tyre pressure .......................... 218

Tyre deflation detection

system .................................... 219

Tread depth ............................. 220

Changing tyre and wheel size . 221

Wheel covers ........................... 221

Tyre chains .............................. 222

Tyre repair kit .......................... 222

Wheel changing ....................... 225

Spare wheel ............................ 228

Jump starting ............................. 229
Towing ....................................... 230

Towing the vehicle ................... 230

Towing another vehicle ........... 231

Appearance care ....................... 232

Exterior care ............................ 232

Interior care ............................. 234

General Information

Accessories and vehicle

modifications

We recommend the use of genuine

parts and accessories and factory

approved parts specific for your

vehicle type. We cannot assess or

guarantee reliability of other products

- even if they have a regulatory or

otherwise granted approval.
Any modification, conversion or other

changes made to standard vehicle

specifications (including, without

limitation, software modifications,

modifications of the electronic control

units) may invalidate the warranty

offered by Opel. Furthermore, such

changes may affect driver assistance

systems, may impact fuel

consumption, CO

2

 emissions and

other emissions of the vehicle and

cause the vehicle to no longer

conform to the operating permit,

impacting the validity of your vehicle

registration.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

204

Vehicle care

Caution

When transporting the vehicle on

a train or on a recovery vehicle, the

mud flaps might be damaged.

Cold protection covers

In order to prevent the accumulation

of snow at the radiator cooling fan, it

is recommended to install removable

protection covers.
Contact your dealer to install the

protection covers.

Caution

The protection covers must be

removed when one of the

following conditions occur:

● The ambient temperature is

abbove 10° C.

● When the vehicle is towed.
● The vehicle is driven at speeds

above 120 km/h.

Vehicle storage

Storage for a long period of time

If the vehicle is to be stored for several

months:

● Wash and wax the vehicle.
● Have the wax in the engine

compartment and underbody

checked.

● Clean and preserve the rubber

seals.

● Fill up fuel tank completely.
● Change the engine oil.
● Drain the washer fluid reservoir.
● Check the coolant antifreeze and

corrosion protection.

● Adjust tyre pressure to the value

specified for full load.

● Park the vehicle in a dry, well

ventilated place. Engage first or

reverse gear or set selector lever

to P. Prevent the vehicle from

rolling.

● Do not apply the parking brake.

● Open the bonnet, close all doors

and lock the vehicle.

● Disconnect the clamp from the

negative terminal of the vehicle

battery. Beware that all systems

are not functional, e.g. anti-theft

alarm system.

Putting back into operation

When the vehicle is to be put back into

operation:

● Connect the clamp to the

negative terminal of the vehicle

battery. Activate the electronics

of the power windows.

● Check tyre pressure.
● Fill up the washer fluid reservoir.
● Check the engine oil level.
● Check the coolant level.
● Fit the number plate if necessary.

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Vehicle care

205

End-of-life vehicle recovery

Information on end-of-life vehicle

recovery centres and the recycling of

end-of-life vehicles is available on our

website, where legally required. Only

entrust this work to an authorised

recycling centre.

Vehicle checks

Performing work

9 Warning

Only perform engine compartment

checks when the ignition is off.
The cooling fan may start

operating even if the ignition is off.

9 Danger

The ignition system uses

extremely high voltage. Do not

touch.

Bonnet

Opening

Open the driver's door.

Pull the release lever and return it to

its original position.

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206

Vehicle care

Push the safety catch upwards and

open the bonnet.

Secure the bonnet support.

If the bonnet is opened during an

Autostop, the engine will be restarted

automatically for safety reasons.
Stop-start system 3 141.

Closing

Before closing the bonnet, press the

support into the holder.
Lower the bonnet and let it fall into the

latch from a low height (20-25 cm).

Check that the bonnet is engaged.

Caution

Do not press the bonnet into the

latch to avoid dents.

Engine oil

Check the engine oil level manually

on a regular basis to prevent damage

to the engine. Ensure that the correct

specification of oil is used.

Recommended fluids and lubricants

3

 237.

The maximum engine oil

consumption is 0.6 litres per

1000 km.

Check with the vehicle on a level

surface. The engine must be at

operating temperature and switched

off for at least five minutes.
Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean,

insert it to the stop on the handle, pull

out and read the engine oil level.
Insert the dipstick to the stop on the

handle.

When the engine oil level has

dropped to the MIN mark, top up the

engine oil.
Different dipsticks are used

depending on engine variant.

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Vehicle care

207

We recommend the use of the same

grade of engine oil that was used at

last change.

The engine oil level must not exceed

the MAX mark on the dipstick.

Caution

Overfilled engine oil must be

drained or suctioned out.

Capacities 3 247.
Fit the cap on straight and tighten it.

Engine coolant

The coolant provides freeze

protection down to approx. -37 °C.

Caution

Only use approved antifreeze.

Coolant and antifreeze 3 237.

Coolant level

Caution

Too low a coolant level can cause

engine damage.

If the cooling system is cold, the

coolant level should be above the

MIN mark. Top up if the level is low.

9 Warning

Allow the engine to cool before

opening the cap. Carefully open

the cap, relieving the pressure

slowly.

To top up, use a 1:1 mixture of

released coolant concentrate mixed

with clean tap water. If no coolant

concentrate is available, use clean

tap water. Install the cap tightly. Have

the coolant concentration checked

and have the cause of the coolant

loss remedied by a workshop.

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208

Vehicle care

Washer fluid

Fill with clean water mixed with a

suitable quantity of approved

windscreen washer fluid which

contains antifreeze.

Caution

Only washer fluid with a sufficient

antifreeze concentration provides

protection at low temperatures or

a sudden drop in temperature.

Washer fluid 3 237.

Brakes

In the event of minimum thickness of

the brake lining, a squealing noise

sounds during braking.
Continued driving is possible but

have the brake lining replaced as

soon as possible.
Once new brake linings are installed,

do not brake unnecessarily hard for

the first few journeys.

Brake fluid

9 Warning

Brake fluid is poisonous and

corrosive. Avoid contact with eyes,

skin, fabrics and painted surfaces.

The brake fluid level must be between

the DANGER and MAX marks.
If fluid level is below DANGER seek

the assistance of a workshop.
Brake and clutch fluid 3 237.

Vehicle battery

The vehicle battery is maintenance-

free provided that the driving profile

allows sufficient charging of the

battery. Short-distance-driving and

frequent engine starts can discharge

the battery. Avoid the use of

unnecessary electrical consumers.

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Vehicle care

209

Batteries do not belong in household

waste. They must be disposed of at

an appropriate recycling collection

point.
Laying up the vehicle for more than

four weeks can lead to battery

discharge. Disconnect the clamp from

the negative terminal of the vehicle

battery.
Ensure the ignition is switched off

before connecting or disconnecting

the vehicle battery.
Battery discharge protection 3 124.

Replacing the vehicle battery

Note

Any deviation from the instructions

given in this section may lead to

temporary deactivation or

disturbance of the stop-start system.

When the vehicle battery is being

replaced, please ensure that there

are no open ventilation holes in the

vicinity of the positive terminal. If a

ventilation hole is open in this area, it

must be closed off with a dummy cap,

and the ventilation in the vicinity of the

negative terminal must be opened.
Ensure that the battery is always

replaced by the same type of battery.
The vehicle battery has to be

replaced by a workshop.
Stop-start system 3 141.

Charging the vehicle battery

9 Warning

On vehicles with stop-start

system, ensure that the charging

potential does not exceed

14.6 volts when using a battery

charger. Otherwise the vehicle

battery might be damaged.

Jump starting 3 229.

Warning label

Meaning of symbols:

● No sparks, naked flames or

smoking.

● Always shield eyes. Explosive

gases can cause blindness or

injury.

● The vehicle battery contains

sulphuric acid which could cause

blindness or serious burn

injuries.

● Keep the vehicle battery out of

reach of children.

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210

Vehicle care

● See the Owner's Manual for

further information.

● Explosive gas may be present in

the vicinity of the vehicle battery.

Diesel fuel system bleeding

If the tank has been run dry, the diesel

fuel system must be bled. Switch on

the ignition three times for

15 seconds at a time. Then crank the

engine for a maximum of

40 seconds. Repeat this process after

no less than five seconds. If the

engine fails to start, seek the

assistance of a workshop.

Wiper blade replacement

Lift the wiper arm until it stays in the

raised position, press button to

disengage the wiper blade and

remove.
Attach the wiper blade slightly angled

to the wiper arm and push until it

engages.
Lower wiper arm carefully.

Wiper blade on the rear window

Lift wiper arm. Disengage wiper blade

as shown in illustration and remove.
Attach the wiper blade slightly angled

to the wiper arm and push until it

engages.
Lower wiper arm carefully.

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Vehicle care

211

Bulb replacement

Switch off the ignition and switch off

the relevant switch or close the doors.
Only hold a new bulb at the base. Do

not touch the bulb glass with bare

hands.
Use only the same bulb type for

replacement.
Replace headlight bulbs from within

the engine compartment.

Bulb check

After a bulb replacement switch on

the ignition, operate and check the

lights.

Halogen headlights

Halogen headlights with separate

bulbs for low beam and high beam.

High beam (1) inner bulb.
Low beam (2) outer bulb.

High beam (1)

1. Remove the protective cover by

pulling the tab.

2. Press retaining clip downwards

and pull the bulb socket toward

the rear.

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212

Vehicle care

3. Detach the bulb from the bulb

socket and replace the bulb.

4. Insert the bulb socket into the

reflector housing.

5. Fit the cap on.

Low beam (2)

1. Remove the protective cover by

pulling.

2. Press retaining clip upwards and

pull the bulb socket toward the

rear.

3. Detach the bulb from the bulb

socket and replace the bulb.

4. Insert the bulb socket into the

reflector housing.

5. Fit the cap on.

Front turn signal light

In case of defective LEDs, have them

replaced by a workshop.

Side light

In case of defective LEDs, have them

replaced by a workshop.

Daytime running light

In case of defective LEDs, have them

replaced by a workshop.

LED headlights

Headlights for low and high beam,

sidelights, daytime running lights and

turn signal lights are designed as

LEDs and can not be changed.
Have lights repaired by a workshop in

case of failure.

Fog lights

Have bulbs replaced by a workshop.

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Vehicle care

213

Tail lights

Tail lights, daytime running lights and

centre high-mounted brake light are

designed as LEDs. In case of failure,

have LEDs replaced by a workshop.

Light assembly in the body

1. Open the tailgate then unclip the

access cover on the relevant side.

2. Slacken the lamp fixing nut using

a box spanner or socket.
To avoid losing the nut if it drops

into the wing trim, first place a

cloth below it.

3. Manually unscrew and remove

the lamp fixing nut.

4. Disengage the retaining clip,

while pushing the lamp out

slightly.

5. From the outside, carefully

withdraw the light assembly from

recess and remove. Take care

that the cable duct remains in

position.

6. Turn the bulb socket

anticlockwise and remove it from

the light assembly.

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