Mazda MX-5 RF (2017 year). Instruction - part 28

 

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Mazda MX-5 RF (2017 year). Instruction - part 28

 

 

6–12

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

      Owner  Maintenance  Precautions

            Routine Service

    We highly recommend that these items be inspected daily, or at least every week.

 

 Engine Oil Level (page  6-20 )

 

 Engine Coolant Level (page  6-20 )

 

 Brake and clutch Fluid Level (page  6-22 )

 

 Washer Fluid Level (page  6-23 )

 

 Battery Maintenance (page  6-30 )

 

 Tyre In

À ation Pressure (page  6-34 )

  Improper or incomplete service may result in problems. This section gives instructions only 
for items that are easy to perform.

  As explained in the Introduction (page  6-2 ), several procedures can be done only by a 
quali

¿ ed service technician with special tools.

  Improper do-it yourself maintenance during the warranty period may affect warranty 
coverage. For details, read the separate Mazda Warranty statement provided with the 
vehicle. If you are unsure about any servicing or maintenance procedure, have it done by an 
expert repairer, we recommend an Authorised Mazda Repairer.

  There are strict environmental laws regarding the disposal of waste oil and 

À uids. Please 

dispose of your waste properly and with due regard to the environment.

  We recommend that you entrust the oil and 

À uid changes of your vehicle to an Authorised 

Mazda Repairer.

/:A



6–13

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 WARNING

 Do not perform maintenance work if you lack suf

¿ cient knowledge and experience 

or the proper tools and equipment to do the work. Have maintenance work done by a 
quali

¿ ed technician: 

 Performing maintenance work on a vehicle is dangerous if not done properly. You can 
be seriously injured while performing some maintenance procedures. 

 If you must run the engine while working under the bonnet, make certain that you 
remove all jewellery (especially rings, bracelets, watches, and necklaces) and all 
neckties, scarves, and similar loose clothing before getting near the engine or cooling 
fan which may turn on unexpectedly: 
 Working under the bonnet with the engine running is dangerous. It becomes even more 
dangerous when you wear jewellery or loose clothing. 
 Either can become entangled in moving parts and result in injury. 

          Pull over to a safe location, then switch the ignition off and make sure the fan is 
not running before attempting to work near the cooling fan: 
 Working near the cooling fan when it is running is dangerous. The fan could continue 
running inde

¿ nitely even if the engine has stopped and the engine compartment 

temperature is high. You could be hit by the fan and seriously injured. 

 Do not leave items in the engine compartment: 
 After you have 

¿ nished checking or doing servicing in the engine compartment, do not 

forget and leave items such as tools or rags in the engine compartment. 
 Tools or other items left in the engine compartment could cause engine damage or a 

¿ re 

leading to an unexpected accident. 

/:A



6–14

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 Bonnet

 WARNING

 Always check that the bonnet is closed 
and securely locked: 
 A bonnet that is not closed and securely 
locked is dangerous as it could 

À y open 

while the vehicle is moving and block 
the driver's vision which could result in 
a serious accident. 

 Opening the Bonnet

 WARNING

(With active bonnet)

 Do not pull the bonnet's release handle 
after the active bonnet has activated: 
 Pulling the release handle while the 
active bonnet is operating is dangerous 
as it will raise the bonnet further and 
obstruct vision. In addition, the bonnet 
cannot be lowered manually, therefore 
do not attempt to forcefully push the 
bonnet back down. Otherwise, it could 
deform the bonnet or cause injury. 
If the active bonnet has activated, 
always consult an expert repairer, we 
recommend an Authorised Mazda 
Repairer. 

   1.   With the vehicle parked, pull the 

release handle to unlock the bonnet.

Release handle

   2.   Insert your hand into the bonnet 

opening, slide the latch lever to the 
right, and lift up the bonnet.

Lever

/:A



6–15

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

   3.   Grasp the support rod in the padded 

area and secure it in the support rod 
hole indicated by the arrow to hold the 
bonnet open.

Pad

Support rod

Clip

 Closing the Bonnet

             1.   Check  under  the  bonnet  area  to  make 

certain all 

¿ ller caps are in place and all 

loose items (e.g. tools, oil containers, 
etc.) have been removed.

   2.   Lift the bonnet, grasp the padded area 

on the support rod, and secure the 
support rod in the clip. Verify that the 
support rod is secured in the clip before 
closing the bonnet.

Clip

Pad

   3.   Lower the bonnet slowly to a height of 

about 20 cm (7.9 in) above its closed 
position and then let it drop.

 CAUTION

 When closing the bonnet, do not push 
it excessively such as by applying your 
weight. Otherwise, the bonnet could be 
deformed.

/:A



6–16

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 Engine Compartment Overview

Windscreen washer fluid reservoir

Brake/Clutch fluid reservoir

Engine oil dipstick

Battery

Fuse block

Cooling system cap

Engine coolant reservoir

Engine oil-filler cap

/:A



6–17

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 Engine  Oil

 NOTE

 Changing the engine oil should be done by an expert repairer, we recommend an 
Authorised Mazda Repairer. 

 Recommended  Oil

            In  order  to  keep  the  maintenance  interval  (page   6-3 )  and  to  protect  the  engine  from 
damage caused by poor lubrication, it is vitally important to make use of engine oil with 
the correct speci

¿ cation. Do not use oils which do not meet the following speci¿ cations or 

requirements. Use of unsuitable oil may lead to engine damage which is not covered by the 
Mazda Warranty.

Temperature Range SAE Viscosity Numbers

Mazda Original Oil Ultra 5W-30

API SL/SM/SN or ACEA A3/A5

Mazda Original Oil Supra 0W-20

Alternative Oil Quality

Recommended oils

–30 –20 –10

0

10

20

30

40

–20

0

20

40

60

80

100

–40

–40

Grade

5W-30

0W-20

Europe

Grade

API SG/SH/SJ/SL/SM/SN or 
ILSAC GF-II/GF-III/GF-IV/GF-V

Temperature Range SAE Viscosity Numbers

–30 –20 –10

0

10

20

30

40

–20

0

20

40

60

80

100

–40

–40

Except Europe

/:A



6–18

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

  Engine oil viscosity, or thickness, has an effect on fuel economy and cold-weather operation 
(starting and oil 

À ow).

  Low-viscosity engine oils can provide improved fuel economy and cold-weather 
performance.

  When choosing an oil, consider the temperature range your vehicle will operate in before 
the next oil change.
  Then select the recommended viscosity from the chart.

 CAUTION

   Using oils of viscosity besides those recommended for speci

¿ c temperature ranges could 

result in engine damage. 

 NOTE

   It is normal for all engines to consume engine oil under normal driving conditions. 
 Engine oil consumption may be as high as 0.8 L/1,000 km (1 L/800 miles). This may 
be as a result of evaporation, internal ventilation or burning of the lubricating oil in the 
working engine. Oil consumption may be higher when the engine is new due to the 
running-in process. Oil consumption is also dependant on engine speed and engine load. 
Under extreme driving conditions, oil consumption may be higher. 

/:A



6–19

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 Vehicle Engine Control Unit Reset Procedure

 NOTE

 This procedure is intended for vehicles with the engine oil 

À exible maintenance setting 

selected.

  After replacing the engine oil, have a repair shop such as an Authorised Mazda Repairer 
perform the initialization (engine oil data resetting) of the recorded value. If the value 
recorded by the computer is not initialized, the wrench indicator light may not turn off or it 
may turn on earlier than normal.

 NOTE

 The initialization (engine oil data resetting) of the recorded value can be performed using 
the following procedure: 

 1.   Switch the ignition OFF. 
2.   Switch the ignition ON with the selector pressed, and press and hold the selector for 

about 5 seconds until the master warning light

À ashes. 



Selector

3.  After the master warning light  

À ashes for several seconds, the initialization is 

completed.

/:A



6–20

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 Inspecting Engine Oil Level

             1.   Be  sure  the  vehicle  is  on  a  level 

surface.

   2.   Warm up the engine to normal 

operating temperature.

   3.   Turn it off and wait at least 5 minutes 

for the oil to return to the sump.

   4.   Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean, and 

reinsert it fully.

MIN

MAX

OK

   5.   Pull it out again and examine the level.
   

The level is normal if it is between the 
MIN and MAX marks.

   

If it is near or below MIN, add enough 
oil to bring the level to MAX.

 CAUTION

 Do not over

¿ ll the engine oil. This may 

cause engine damage. 

   6.   Make sure the O-ring on the dipstick is 

positioned properly before reinserting 
the dipstick.

   7.   Reinsert  the  dipstick  fully.

 Engine  Coolant

 Inspecting Coolant Level

 WARNING

 Do not use a match or live 

À ame in the 

engine compartment. DO NOT ADD 
COOLANT WHEN THE ENGINE IS 
HOT: 
 A hot engine is dangerous. If the 
engine has been running, parts of the 
engine compartment can become very 
hot. You could be burned. Carefully 
inspect the engine coolant in the 
coolant reservoir, but do not open it. 

           Pull over to a safe location, then 
switch the ignition off and make sure 
the fan is not running before 
attempting to work near the cooling 
fan:
 Working near the cooling fan when it 
is running is dangerous. The fan could 
continue running inde

¿ nitely even if 

the engine has stopped and the engine 
compartment temperature is high. You 
could be hit by the fan and seriously 
injured.

                     Do not remove either 
cooling system cap when the engine 
and radiator are hot: 
 When the engine and radiator are hot, 
scalding coolant and steam may shoot 
out under pressure and cause serious 
injury. 

/:A



6–21

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 NOTE

 Changing the coolant should be done 
by an expert repairer, we recommend an 
Authorised Mazda Repairer. 

  Inspect the antifreeze protection and 
coolant level in the coolant reservoir at 
least once a year—at the beginning of 
the winter season—and before travelling 
where temperatures may drop below 
freezing.

  Inspect the condition and connections of 
all cooling system and heater hoses.
  Replace any that are swollen or 
deteriorated.

  The coolant should be at full in the 
radiator and between the FULL and LOW 
marks on the coolant reservoir when the 
engine is cool.

Coolant reservoir

Cooling fan

Cooling system cap

  If it is at or near LOW, add enough coolant 
to the coolant reservoir to provide freezing 
and corrosion protection and to bring the 
level to FULL.
  Securely tighten the coolant reservoir tank 
cap after adding coolant.

 CAUTION

 

  Radiator coolant will damage paint. 



  Rinse it off quickly if spilled. 

 

  Use only soft (demineralised) water 

in the coolant mixture. Water that 
contains minerals will cut down on 
the coolant's effectiveness. 

 

  Do not add only water. Always add a 

proper coolant mixture. 

 

  The engine has aluminium parts and 

must be protected by an ethylene-
glycol-based coolant to prevent 
corrosion and freezing. 

 

  DO NOT USE coolants Containing 

Alcohol, methanol, Borate or 
Silicate.



  These coolants could damage the 

cooling system. 

 

  DO NOT MIX alcohol or methanol 

with the coolant. This could damage 
the cooling system. 

 

  Do not use a solution that contains 

more than 60% antifreeze. 



  This would reduce effectiveness. 

 

  If the “FL22” mark is shown on or 

near the cooling system cap, use 
of FL-22 is recommended when 
replacing engine coolant. Using 
engine coolant other than FL-22 may 
cause serious damage to the engine 
and cooling system. 

/:A



6–22

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

  If the coolant reservoir is empty or new 
coolant is required frequently, consult 
an expert repairer, we recommend an 
Authorised Mazda Repairer.

 Brake/Clutch  Fluid

 Inspecting Brake/Clutch Fluid 

Level

 WARNING

 If the brake/clutch 

À uid level is low, 

have the brakes inspected: 
 A low brake/clutch 

À uid level is 

dangerous.
 A low level could indicate brake lining 
wear or a brake system leak which 
could cause the brakes to fail and lead 
to an accident. 

  The brakes and clutch draw 

À uid from the 

same reservoir.
  Inspect  the 

À uid level in the reservoir 

regularly. It should be kept between the 
MAX and MIN lines.
  The level normally drops with 
accumulated distance, a condition 
associated with wear of brake and clutch 
linings. If it is excessively low, have the 
brake/clutch system inspected by an expert 
repairer, we recommend an Authorised 
Mazda Repairer.

/:A



6–23

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

  Left-hand  drive  model

  Right-hand  drive  model

 Window and Headlight 
Washer Fluid

 Inspecting Washer Fluid Level

 WARNING

 Use only windscreen washer 

À uid or 

plain water in the reservoir: 
 Using radiator antifreeze as washer 
À uid is dangerous. If sprayed on the 
windscreen, it will dirty the windscreen, 
affect your visibility, and could result in 
an accident. 

  Inspect 

À uid level in the washer À uid 

reservoir; add 

À uid if necessary.

  Use plain water if washer 

À uid is 

unavailable.
  But use only washer 

À uid in cold weather 

to prevent it from freezing.

/:A



6–24

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 Body  Lubrication

            All  moving  points  of  the  body,  such  as 
door and bonnet hinges and locks, should 
be lubricated each time the engine oil is 
changed. Use a nonfreezing lubricant on 
locks during cold weather.

  Make sure the bonnet's secondary latch 
keeps the bonnet from opening when the 
primary latch is released.

 Wiper  Blades

 CAUTION

 

  Hot waxes applied by automatic car 

washers have been known to affect 
the wiper's ability to clean windows. 

 

  To prevent damage to the wiper 

blades, do not use petrol, paraf

¿ n, 

paint thinner, or other solvents on or 
near them. 

 

  When the wiper lever is in the 

AUTO position and the ignition is 
switched ON, the wipers may move 
automatically in the following cases: 

 

  If the windscreen above the rain 

sensor is touched.

 

  If the windscreen above the rain 

sensor is wiped with a cloth.

 

  If the windscreen is struck with a 

hand or other object.

 

  If the rain sensor is struck with a 

hand or other object from inside 
the vehicle.



  Be careful not to pinch hands or 

¿ ngers as it may cause injury, or 
damage the wipers. When washing or 
servicing the vehicle, make sure the 
wiper lever is in the OFF position. 

  Contamination of either the windscreen or 
the blades with foreign matter can reduce 
wiper effectiveness. Common sources are 
insects, tree sap, and hot wax treatments 
used by some commercial car washes.

  If the blades are not wiping properly, 
clean the window and blades with a good 
cleaner or mild detergent; then rinse 
thoroughly with clean water. Repeat if 
necessary.

/:A



6–25

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 Replacing Windscreen Wiper 

Blades

            When  the  wipers  no  longer  clean  well,  the 
blades are probably worn or cracked.
  Replace  them.

 CAUTION

 To prevent damage to the wiper arms 
and other components, do not try to 
sweep the wiper arm by hand. 

 NOTE

 When raising both windscreen wiper 
arms, raise the driver's side wiper arm 
¿ rst. When lowering the wiper arms, 
slowly lower the wiper arm from the 
passenger's side 

¿ rst while supporting it 

with your hand. Forcefully lowering the 
wiper arms could damage the wiper arm 
and blade, and may scratch or crack the 
windscreen.

(Type A)

   1.   Raise  the  wiper  arm.
   2.   Open the clip and slide the blade 

assembly in the direction of the arrow.

   3.   Tilt the blade assembly and remove it 

from the arm.

 CAUTION

 To prevent damage to the windscreen let 
the wiper arm down easily, do not let it 
slap down on the windscreen. 

   4.   Pull down the blade rubber and slide it 

out of blade holder.

   5.   Remove the metal stiffeners from each 

blade rubber and install them in the 
new blade.

/:A



6–26

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

 CAUTION

 

  Do not bend or discard the stiffeners. 

You need to use them again. 

 

  If the metal stiffeners are switched, 

the blade's wiping ef

¿ ciency could 

be reduced. 



  So do not use the driver's side metal 

stiffeners on the passenger's side, or 
vice versa. 

 

  Be sure to reinstall the metal 

stiffeners in the new blade rubber so 
that the curve is the same as it was in 
the old blade rubber. 

   6.   Carefully insert the new blade rubber. 

Then install the blade assembly in the 
reverse order of removal.

(Type B)

   1.   Raise the wiper arm and turn the blade 

assembly to expose the plastic locking 
clip.

   

Compress the clip and slide the 
assembly downward; then lift it off the 
arm.

Plastic locking clip

 CAUTION

 To prevent damage to the windscreen let 
the wiper arm down easily, do not let it 
slap down on the windscreen. 

   2.   Hold the end of the rubber and pull 

until the tabs are free of the metal 
support.

Metal support

Tab

/:A



6–27

Maintenance and Care

Owner Maintenance

   3.   Remove the metal stiffeners from each 

blade rubber and install them in the 
new blade.

 CAUTION

 

  Do not bend or discard the stiffeners. 

You need to use them again. 

 

  If the metal stiffeners are switched, 

the blade's wiping ef

¿ ciency could 

be reduced. 



  So do not use the driver's side metal 

stiffeners on the passenger's side, or 
vice versa. 

 

  Be sure to reinstall the metal 

stiffeners in the new blade rubber so 
that the curve is the same as it was in 
the old blade rubber. 

   4.   Carefully insert the new blade rubber.
   

Then install the blade assembly in the 
reverse order of removal.

 NOTE

 Install the blade so that the tabs are 
toward the bottom of the wiper arm. 

/:A



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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