DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
The air cleaner is positioned to the right of the engine
and connected by hoses to a cold air intake duct and
the turbocharger inlet. A crankcase breather hose is
fitted between the air cleaner and the separator.
A single stage turbocharger, fitted between the
exhaust manifold and exhaust pipe, is connected by
hoses to the air cleaner and to an intercooler mounted
on the right of the radiator. The intercooler is
connected by a hose to the inlet manifold.
A 89 litre fuel tank is mounted at the rear of the
vehicle beneath the load space floor. The tank is
vented by a 2 way valve in the filler cap.
A mechanical lift pump, driven by the camshaft, is
mounted on the side of the engine.
A fuel filter, fitted with a replaceable element and
incorporating a water separator, is positioned on the
LH side of the bulkhead.
A Bosch Type injection pump, incorporating a cold
start advance unit and a high idle setting is mounted
on the LH side of the engine and is directly driven by
gears from the crankshaft. The pump meters and
distributes fuel to 4 pintle type injectors located in
pre-combustion chambers in the cylinder heads.
A return line passes excess fuel from the injection
pump and injectors back to the fuel tank.
Four glow plugs are located in the cylinder head,
directly below each injector.
Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
Exhaust gas recirculation is controlled by the EGR
control unit mounted in the passenger compartment
on the RH ’A’ post behind the fascia and receives the
a. Engine temperature from coolant temperature
transmitter in No. 4 cylinder head;
b. Throttle position from the potentiometer on the
c. Engine speed from the tachometer.
d. EGR valve lift position.
When all correct signals are received, the EGR
solenoid allows vacuum to open the EGR valve and
recirculate a portion of the exhaust gas.