Hyundai i30 N (2018 year). Instruction - part 20

 

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Hyundai i30 N (2018 year). Instruction - part 20

 

 

To turn Cruise Control off
OPDEN057115
5
• Press the
button
(the
indicator light will go
off).
5-87
Driving your vehicle
SPECIAL DRIVING CONDITIONS
Hazardous driving conditions
Rocking the vehicle
WARNING
When hazardous driving elements
If it is necessary to rock the vehicle
are encountered such as water,
to free it from snow, sand, or mud,
If the vehicle is stuck and
snow, ice, mud and sand, take the
first turn the steering wheel right and
excessive wheel spin occurs,
following precautions:
left to clear the area around your
the temperature in the tires can
Drive cautiously and maintain a
front wheels. Then, shift back and
increase very quickly. If the tires
forth between R (Reverse) and a for-
longer braking distance.
become damaged, a tire blow
ward gear.
out or tire explosion can occur.
Avoid abrupt braking or steering.
Try to avoid spinning the wheels, and
This condition is dangerous -
When your vehicle is stuck in snow,
do not race the engine.
you and others may be injured.
mud, or sand, use the second
Do not attempt this procedure if
To prevent transmission wear, wait
gear. Accelerate slowly to avoid
people or objects are anywhere
unnecessary wheel spinning.
until the wheels stop spinning before
near the vehicle.
shifting gears. Release the accelera-
Put sand, rock salt, tire chains or
tor pedal while shifting, and press
If you attempt to free the vehi-
other non-slip materials under the
lightly on the accelerator pedal while
cle, the vehicle can overheat
wheels to provide additional trac-
the transmission is in gear. Slowly
quickly, possibly causing an
tion while being stuck in ice, snow,
spinning the wheels in forward and
engine compartment fire or
or mud.
reverse directions causes a rocking
other damage. Try to avoid spin-
motion that may free the vehicle.
ning the wheels as much as
possible to prevent overheating
of either the tires or the engine.
DO NOT allow the vehicle to
spin the wheels above 56 km/h
(35 mph).
5-88
Smooth cornering
Driving in the rain
i
Information
Avoid braking or gear changing in
Rain and wet roads can make driving
The ESC system (if equipped) must be
corners, especially when roads are
dangerous. Here are a few things to
turned OFF before rocking the vehi-
wet. Ideally, corners should always
consider when driving in the rain or
cle.
be taken under gentle acceleration.
on slick pavement:
NOTICE
Slow down and allow extra follow-
ing distance. A heavy rainfall
Driving at night
If you are still stuck after rocking
makes it harder to see and increas-
the vehicle a few times, have the
Night driving presents more hazards
es the distance needed to stop
vehicle pulled out by a tow vehicle
than driving in the daylight. Here are
your vehicle.
to avoid engine overheating, pos-
some important tips to remember:
Turn OFF your Cruise Control. (if
sible damage to the transmission,
Slow down and keep more dis-
equipped)
and tire damage. See "Towing" in
tance between you and other vehi-
Replace your windshield wiper
chapter 6.
cles, as it may be more difficult to
blades when they show signs of
5
see at night, especially in areas
streaking or missing areas on the
where there may not be any street
windshield.
lights.
Be sure your tires have enough
Adjust your mirrors to reduce the
tread. If your tires do not have
glare from other drivers' head-
enough tread, making a quick stop
lamps.
on wet pavement can cause a skid
Keep your headlamps clean and
and possibly lead to an accident.
properly aimed. Dirty or improperly
See "Tire Tread" in chapter 7.
aimed headlamps will make it
Turn on your headlamps to make it
much more difficult to see at night.
easier for others to see you.
Avoid staring directly at the head-
Driving too fast through large pud-
lamps of oncoming vehicles. You
dles can affect your brakes. If you
could be temporarily blinded, and it
must go through puddles, try to
will take several seconds for your
drive through them slowly.
eyes to readjust to the darkness.
5-89
Driving your vehicle
• If you believe your brakes may be
Driving in flooded areas
Fuel, engine coolant and engine
wet, apply them lightly while driv-
oil
Avoid driving through flooded areas
ing until normal braking operation
unless you are sure the water is no
Driving at higher speeds on the high-
returns.
higher than the bottom of the wheel
way consumes more fuel and is less
hub. Drive through any water slowly.
efficient than driving at a slower,
Hydroplaning
Allow adequate stopping distance
more moderate speed. Maintain a
because brake performance may be
moderate speed in order to conserve
If the road is wet enough and you are
reduced.
fuel when driving on the highway.
going fast enough, your vehicle may
have little or no contact with the road
After driving through water, dry the
Be sure to check both the engine
surface and actually ride on the
brakes by gently applying them sev-
coolant level and the engine oil
water. The best advice is SLOW
eral times while the vehicle is moving
before driving.
DOWN when the road is wet.
slowly.
Drive belt
The risk of hydroplaning increas-
Highway driving
A loose or damaged drive belt may
es as the depth of tire tread
overheat the engine.
decreases, refer to "Tire Tread" in
Tires
chapter 7.
Adjust the tire inflation, as specified.
Under-inflation may overheat or
damage the tires.
Do not install worn-out or damaged
tires, which may reduce traction or
fail the braking operation.
i
Information
Never over-inflate your tires above the
maximum inflation pressure, as speci-
fied on your tires.
5-90
WINTER DRIVING
The severe weather conditions of
Snow or icy conditions
Snow tires
winter quickly wear out tires and
You need to keep sufficient distance
cause other problems. To minimize
between your vehicle and the vehicle
WARNING
winter driving problems, you should
in front of you.
take the following suggestions:
Apply the brakes gently. Speeding,
Snow tires should be equivalent
in size and type to the vehicle's
rapid acceleration, sudden brake
i
Information
standard tires. Otherwise, the
applications, and sharp turns are
safety and handling of your vehi-
Information for Snow Tires and Tire
potentially very hazardous practices.
Chains in the national language
During deceleration, use engine
cle may be adversely affected.
(Bulgarian, Hungarian, Icelandic,
braking to the fullest extent. Sudden
Polish) is provided in the Appendix.
brake applications on snowy or icy
We recommend you use snow tires
roads may cause skids to occur.
when road temperature is below 7°C
To drive your vehicle in deep snow, it
(45°F). Refer to the below chart, and
may be necessary to use snow tires
5
mount the recommended snow tire
or to install tire chains on your tires.
for your vehicle.
Always carry emergency equipment.
Some of the items you may want to
Recommended
Standard tire
carry include tire chains, tow straps
snow tire
or chains, a flashlight, emergency
Tire
Wheel
Tire
Wheel
flares, sand, a shovel, jumper cables,
size
size
size
size
a window scraper, gloves, ground
225/40ZR18
7.5Jx18
cloth, coveralls, a blanket, etc.
225/40R18
7.5Jx18
235/35R19
8.0Jx19
5-91
Driving your vehicle
If you mount snow tires on your vehi-
Tire chains
NOTICE
cle, make sure to use the same infla-
Since the sidewalls of radial tires are
tion pressure as the original tires.
If your vehicle has 235/35R19 size
thinner than other types of tires, they
Mount snow tires on all four wheels
tires, do not use tire chain; they
may be damaged by mounting some
to balance your vehicle’s handling in
can damage your vehicle (wheel,
types of tire chains on them.
all weather conditions. The traction
suspension and body).
Therefore, the use of snow tires is
provided by snow tires on dry roads
recommended instead of tire chains.
may not be as high as your vehicle's
Do not mount tire chains on vehicles
original equipment tires. Check with
equipped with aluminum wheels; if
the tire dealer for maximum speed
unavoidable use a wire type chain. If
recommendations.
tire chains must be used, use gen-
uine HYUNDAI parts and install the
i
Information
tire chain after reviewing the instruc-
tions provided with the tire chains.
Do not install studded tires without first
Damage to your vehicle caused by
checking local and municipal regula-
improper tire chain use is not cov-
tions for possible restrictions against
ered by your vehicle manufacturer’s
their use.
warranty.
5-92
Chain Installation
behind the vehicle
(if available).
i
Information
Always place the vehicle in P (Park),
Install tire chains on the front tires.
apply the parking brake and turn off
It should be noted that installing tire
the engine before installing snow
chains on the tires will provide a
chains.
greater driving force, but will not
prevent side skids.
Do not install studded tires without
WARNING
first checking local and municipal
regulations for possible restrictions
The use of tire chains may
against their use.
adversely affect vehicle han-
dling:
Drive less than 30 km/h (20
OPDEN057140
mph) or the chain manufactur-
When installing tire chains, follow the
5
er's recommended speed
manufacturer's instructions and
limit, whichever is lower.
mount them as tightly possible. Drive
Drive carefully and avoid
slowly (less than 30 km/h (20 mph))
bumps, holes, sharp turns,
with chains installed. If you hear the
and other road hazards, which
chains contacting the body or chas-
may cause the vehicle to
sis, stop and tighten them. If they still
bounce.
make contact, slow down until the
noise stops. Remove the tire chains
Avoid sharp turns or locked
wheel braking.
as soon as you begin driving on
cleared roads.
When mounting snow chains, park
the vehicle on level ground away
from traffic. Turn on the vehicle
Hazard Warning Flasher and place a
triangular emergency warning device
5-93
Driving your vehicle
NOTICE
Winter Precautions
Check battery and cables
Use high quality ethylene glycol
Winter temperatures affect battery
When using tire chains:
coolant
performance. Inspect the battery
Wrong size chains or improperly
and cables, as specified in the
Your vehicle is delivered with high
installed chains can damage
chapter 7. The battery charging level
quality ethylene glycol coolant in the
your vehicle's brake lines, sus-
can be checked by an authorized
cooling system. It is the only type of
pension, body and wheels.
HYUNDAI dealer or in a service sta-
coolant that should be used because
Use SAE "S" class or wire
tion.
it helps prevent corrosion in the cool-
chains.
ing system, lubricates the water
If you hear noise caused by
pump and prevents freezing. Be sure
Change to "winter weight" oil if
chains contacting the body,
to replace or replenish your coolant
necessary
retighten the chain to prevent
in accordance with the maintenance
In some regions during winter, it is
contact with the vehicle body.
schedule in chapter 7. Before winter,
recommended to use the "winter
To prevent body damage, retight-
have your coolant tested to assure
weight" oil with lower viscosity. For
en the chains after driving 0.5~1.0
that its freezing point is sufficient for
further information, refer to the chap-
km (0.3~0.6 miles).
the temperatures anticipated during
ter 8. When you are not sure about a
the winter.
Do not use tire chains on vehi-
type of winter weight oil, consult an
cles equipped with aluminum
authorized HYUNDAI dealer.
wheels. If unavoidable, use a
wire type chain.
Use wire chains less than 12 mm
(0.47 in) wide to prevent damage
to the chain’s connection.
5-94
Check spark plugs and ignition
Use approved window washer
Do not let your parking brake
system
anti-freeze solution in system
freeze
Inspect the spark plugs, as speci-
To prevent the window washer from
Under some conditions your parking
fied in the chapter 7. If necessary,
being frozen, add authorized window
brake can freeze in the engaged
replace them. Also check all ignition
washer anti-freeze solution, as spec-
position. This is most likely to hap-
wirings and components for any
ified on the window washer contain-
pen when there is an accumulation
cracks, wear-out, and damage.
er. Window washer anti-freeze solu-
of snow or ice around or near the
tion is available from an authorized
rear brakes or if the brakes are wet.
HYUNDAI dealer, and most vehicle
When there is the risk that your park-
To prevent locks from freezing
accessory outlets. Do not use engine
ing brake may freeze, temporarily
To prevent the locks from being
coolant or other types of anti-freeze
apply it with the shift lever in 1st gear
frozen, spray approved de-icing fluid
solution, to prevent any damage to
when the vehicle is parked on a
or glycerin into key holes. When a
the vehicle paint.
uphill and in R (Reverse) on a down-
lock opening is already covered with
hill. Also, block the rear wheels in
ice, spray approved de-icing fluid
advance, so the vehicle may not roll.
5
over the ice to remove it. When an
Then, release the parking brake.
internal part of a lock freezes, try to
thaw it with a heated key. Carefully
Do not let ice and snow accumu-
use the heated key to avoid an injury.
late underneath
Under some conditions, snow and
ice can build up under the fenders
and interfere with the steering. When
driving in such conditions during the
severe winter, you should check
underneath the vehicle on a regular
basis, to ensure that the front wheels
and the steering components is
unblocked.
5-95
Driving your vehicle
TRAILER TOWING (FOR EUROPE)
If you are considering to tow with
i
Information - For Europe
WARNING
your vehicle, you should first your
country's legal requirements. As laws
The technically permissible maxi-
Take the following precautions:
mum load on the rear axle(s) may be
vary the requirements for towing trail-
ers, cars, or other types of vehicles
If you don't use the correct
exceeded by not more than 15 %
or apparatus may differ. Ask an
equipment and/or drive improp-
and the technically permissible
authorized HYUNDAI dealer for fur-
erly, you can lose control of the
maximum laden mass of the vehicle
ther details before towing.
vehicle when you are pulling a
may be exceeded by not more than
trailer. For example, if the trailer
10% or 100 kg (220.4 lbs), whichev-
Remember that trailering is different
is too heavy, the braking per-
er value is lower. In this case, do not
than just driving your vehicle by itself.
formance may be reduced. You
exceed
100 km/h (62.1 mph) for
Trailering means changes in han-
and your passengers could be
vehicle of category M1 or 80 km/h
dling, durability, and fuel economy.
seriously or fatally injured. Pull
(49.7 mph) for vehicle of category
Successful, safe trailering requires
a trailer only if you have fol-
N1.
correct equipment, and it has to be
lowed all the steps in this sec-
When a vehicle of category M1 is
used properly. Damage to your vehi-
tion.
towing a trailer, the additional load
cle caused by improper trailer towing
is not covered by your vehicle manu-
Before towing, make sure the
imposed at the trailer coupling
facturer’s warranty.
total trailer weight, GCW
device may cause the tire maximum
(Gross Combination Weight),
load ratings to be exceeded, but not
This section contains many time-
GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight),
by more than 15%. In this case, do
tested, important trailering tips and
GAW (Gross Axle Weight) and
not exceed 100 km/h (62.1 mph) and
safety rules. Many of these are
trailer tongue load are all with-
increase the tire inflation pressure
important for your safety and that of
in the limits.
by at least 0.2 bar.
your passengers. Please read this
section carefully before you pull a
When you tow a trailer, make
trailer.
sure to turn off the ISG sys-
tem.
5-96
If you decide to pull a trailer?
Trailer weight
Tongue load
Here are some important points if
you decide to pull a trailer:
Consider using a sway control. You
can ask a trailer hitch dealer about
sway control.
Do not do any towing with your
vehicle during its first
2,000 km
(1,200 miles) in order to allow the
engine to properly break in. Failure
to heed this caution may result in
Tongue Load
Total Trailer Weight
Gross Axle Weight
Gross Vehicle Weight
serious engine or transmission
damage.
OLMB053047
OLMB053048
When towing a trailer, be sure to
What is the maximum safe weight of
The tongue load is an important
5
consult an authorized HYUNDAI
a trailer? It should never weigh more
weight to measure because it affects
dealer for further information on
than the maximum trailer weight with
the total Gross Vehicle Weight
additional requirements such as a
trailer brakes. But even that can be
(GVW) of your vehicle. The trailer
towing kit, etc.
too heavy. It depends on how you
tongue should weigh a maximum of
plan to use your trailer. For example,
10% of the total loaded trailer weight,
Always drive your vehicle at a mod-
erate speed (less than 100 km/h
speed, altitude, road grades, outside
within the limits of the maximum trail-
temperature and how often your
er tongue load permissible.
(60 mph)) or posted towing speed
limit.
vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
After you've loaded your trailer,
important. The ideal trailer weight
weigh the trailer and then the tongue,
On a long uphill grade, do not
can also depend on any special
separately, to see if the weights are
exceed 70 km/h (45 mph) or the
equipment that you have on your
proper. If they aren't, you may be
posted towing speed limit,
vehicle.
able to correct them simply by mov-
whichever is lower.
ing some items around in the trailer.
Carefully observe the weight and
load limits provided in the following
pages.
5-97
Driving your vehicle
Reference weight and distance when towing a trailer (for Europe)
WARNING
Item
Theta 2.0 T-GDI
Take the following precautions:
With brake system
1600 (3527)
Never load a trailer with more
Maximum trailer weight
weight in the rear than in the
kg (Ibs.)
Without brake system
700 (1543)
front. The front should be
loaded with approximately
Maximum permissible static vertical
60% of the total trailer load;
75 (165)
load on the coupling device
kg (Ibs.)
the rear should be loaded with
approximately 40% of the total
Recommended distance from rear
trailer load.
880 (34.6)
wheel center to coupling point
mm (inch)
Never exceed the maximum
weight limits of the trailer or
trailer towing equipment.
Improper loading can result in
damage to your vehicle and/or
personal injury. Check weights
and loading at a commercial
scale or highway patrol office
equipped with scales.
i
Information
With increasing altitude the engine
performance decreases. From 1,000 m
above sea level and for every 1,000 m
thereafter
10% of vehicle/trailer
weight (trailer weighter + gross vehi-
cle weight) must be deducted.
5-98
Trailer towing equipment
It's important to have the correct
Safety chains
hitch equipment. Crosswinds, large
Hitches
You should always attach chains
trucks going by, and rough roads are
between your vehicle and your trailer.
a few reasons why you'll need the
Instructions about safety chains may
right hitch. Here are some rules to
be provided by the hitch manufactur-
follow:
er or trailer manufacturer. Follow the
Do you have to make any holes in
manufacturer's recommendation for
the body of your vehicle when you
attaching safety chains. Always leave
install a trailer hitch? If you do, then
just enough slack so you can turn
be sure to seal the holes later
with your trailer. And, never allow
when you remove the hitch. If you
safety chains to drag on the ground.
don't seal them, carbon monoxide
(CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle, as well as dirt
OPDEN067036
and water.
5
The bumpers on your vehicle are
i
Information
not intended for hitches. Do not
The mounting hole for
hitches are
attach rental hitches or other
located on both sides of the underbody
bumper-type hitches to them. Use
behind the rear tires.
only a frame-mounted hitch that
does not attach to the bumper.
A HYUNDAI trailer hitch accessory is
available at an authorized HYUNDAI
dealer.
5-99
Driving your vehicle
Trailer brakes
Driving with a trailer
Distance
If your trailer is equipped with a brak-
Towing a trailer requires a certain
Stay at least twice as far behind the
ing system, make sure it conforms to
amount of experience. Before setting
vehicle ahead as you would when
your country’s regulations and that it
out for the open road, you must get
driving your vehicle without a trailer.
is properly installed and operating
to know your trailer. Acquaint your-
This can help you avoid situations
correctly.
self with the feel of handling and
that require heavy braking and sud-
If your trailer weighs more than the
braking with the added weight of the
den turns.
maximum trailer weight without trail-
trailer. And always keep in mind that
er brakes loaded, then it needs its
the vehicle you are driving is now
Passing
own brakes and they must be ade-
longer and not nearly as responsive
You will need more passing distance
quate. Be sure to read and follow the
as your vehicle is by itself.
up ahead when you’re towing a trail-
instructions for the trailer brakes so
Before you start, check the trailer
er. And, because of the increased
you’ll be able to install, adjust and
hitch and platform, safety chains,
vehicle length, you’ll need to go
maintain them properly. Be sure not
electrical connector(s), lights, tires
much farther beyond the passed
to modify your vehicle's brake sys-
and brakes.
vehicle before you can return to your
tem.
During your trip, occasionally check
lane.
to be sure that the load is secure,
WARNING
and that the lights and trailer brakes
are still working.
Do not use a trailer with its own
brakes unless you are absolute-
ly certain that you have proper-
ly set up the brake system. This
is not a task for amateurs. Use
an experienced, competent trail-
er shop for this work.
5-100
Backing up
When towing a trailer, the green
Driving on hills
arrows on your instrument panel will
Hold the bottom of the steering
Reduce speed and shift to a lower
flash for turns even if the bulbs on
wheel with one hand. Then, to move
gear before you start down a long or
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you
the trailer to the left, move your hand
steep downgrade. If you don't shift
may think drivers behind you are
to the left. To move the trailer to the
down, you might have to use your
seeing your signals when, in fact,
right, move your hand to the right.
brakes so much that they would get
they are not. It's important to check
Always back up slowly and, if possi-
overheated and may not operate effi-
occasionally to be sure the trailer
ble, have someone guide you.
ciently.
bulbs are still working. You must also
On a long uphill grade, shift down
check the lights every time you dis-
and reduce your speed to around 70
Making turns
connect and then reconnect the
km/h (45 mph) to reduce the possi-
When you’re turning with a trailer,
wires.
bility of engine and transmission
make wider turns than normal. Do this
overheating.
so your trailer won't strike soft shoul-
WARNING
ders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other
5
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden
Do not connect a trailer lighting
maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
system directly to your vehicle's
lighting system. Use an
approved trailer wiring harness.
Turn signals
Failure to do so could result in
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle
damage to the vehicle electrical
has to have a different turn signal
system and/or personal injury.
flasher and extra wiring. The green
Consult an authorized HYUNDAI
arrows on your instrument panel will
dealer for assistance.
flash whenever you signal a turn or
lane change. Properly connected,
the trailer lights will also flash to alert
other drivers you're about to turn,
change lanes, or stop.
5-101
Driving your vehicle
NOTICE
(Continued)
Parking on hills
When towing a trailer, your vehi-
Generally, if you have a trailer
To prevent engine and/or trans-
cle speed may be much slower
attached to your vehicle, you should
mission overheating:
than the general flow of traffic,
not park your vehicle on a hill.
When towing a trailer on steep
especially when climbing an
grades (in excess of 6%) pay
uphill grade. Use the right hand
close attention to the engine
However, if you ever have to park your
lane when towing a trailer on an
trailer on a hill, here's how to do it:
coolant temperature gauge to
uphill grade. Choose your vehi-
ensure the engine does not
cle speed according to the max-
1. Pull the vehicle into the parking
overheat. If the needle of the
imum posted speed limit for
space.
coolant temperature gauge
vehicles with trailers, the steep-
Turn the steering wheel in the
moves towards "130", pull over
ness of the grade, and your trail-
direction of the curb (right if head-
and stop as soon as it is safe to
er weight.
ed down hill, left if headed up hill).
do so, and allow the engine to
2. Shift the vehicle to neutral.
idle until it cools down. You may
proceed once the engine has
3. Set the parking brake and shut off
cooled sufficiently.
the vehicle.
If you tow a trailer with the max-
4. Place wheel chocks under the
imum gross vehicle weight and
trailer wheels on the down hill side
maximum trailer weight, it can
of the wheels.
cause the engine or transmis-
5. Start the vehicle, hold the brakes,
sion to overheat. When driving
shift to neutral, release the park-
in such conditions, allow the
ing brake and slowly release the
engine to idle until it cools
brakes until the trailer chocks
down.You may proceed once the
absorb the load.
engine or transmission has
6. Reapply the brakes and parking
cooled sufficiently.
brakes.
(Continued)
5-102
7. Move the shift lever to 1st gear
Ready to leave after parking on
Maintenance when towing a
when the vehicle is parked on a
a hill
trailer
uphill grade and in R (Reverse) on
1. With the shift lever in neutral,
Your vehicle will need service more
a downhill.
apply your brakes and hold the
often when you regularly pull a trail-
8. Shut off the vehicle and release
brake pedal down while you:
er. Important items to pay particular
the vehicle brakes but leave the
• Start your engine;
attention to include engine oil, auto-
parking brake set.
matic transmission fluid, axle lubri-
• Shift into gear; and
cant and cooling system fluid. Brake
• Release the parking brake.
condition is another important item to
WARNING
2. Slowly remove your foot from the
frequently check. If you’re trailering,
brake pedal.
it’s a good idea to review these items
To prevent serious or fatal
injury:
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear
before you start your trip. Don’t forget
of the chocks.
to also maintain your trailer and
Do not get out of the vehicle
hitch. Follow the maintenance sched-
without the parking brake
4. Stop and have someone pick up
5
ule that accompanied your trailer and
firmly set. If you have left the
and store the chocks.
check it periodically. Preferably, con-
engine running, the vehicle
duct the check at the start of each
can move suddenly. You and
day’s driving. Most importantly, all
others could be seriously or
hitch nuts and bolts should be tight.
fatally injured.
Do not apply the accelerator
pedal to hold the vehicle on
an uphill.
5-103

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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