BYD F3, F3-R. Service Manual - part 11

 

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BYD F3, F3-R. Service Manual - part 11

 

 

BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
pay attention to avoid
transmission and power steering
touching this type of oil
could be damaged.
NOTICE
frequently. You can use soap
If you spill the brake fluid, be
Remember that the battery and
and water to clean the oil on
sure to wash it off with water to
ignition cables carry high
your skin.
prevent it from damaging the
currents or voltages. Be careful
parts of paint.
of accidentally causing a short
Put used oil in the place out of
Do not drive with the air cleaner
circuit.
children’s reach.
filter removed, or excessive
If you spill some of the coolant,
engine wear could be caused.
Take a secure method to deal
be sure to wash it off with water
Also backfiring could cause a
with the used oil and oil filter.
to prevent it from damaging the
fire in the engine compartment.
Do not discard them into
parts or paint.
Be careful not to scratch the
garbage sewer or onto the
Do not allow dirt or anything
glass surface with the wiper
ground. Contact BYD AUTO
else to fall through the spark
frame.
service station for requiring
plug holes.
When closing the engine hood,
how to recycle or dispose of
Do not pry the outer electrode of
check whether you have left any
them.
a spark plug against the center
tools, rags, etc.
electrode.
Being harmful to eyes, the
Use the prescribed spark plug
paint and the brake fluid
only. The engine will be so
should be infused carefully. If
damaged by using other types of
the brake fluid spills into your
spark plugs that it loses its
eyes, wash your eyes at once. If
function or gives off wireless
you still feel uncomfortable
interference.
with your eyes, go to hospital
Do not overfill automatic
for check immediately.
transmission fluid and power
steering fluid. The automatic
164
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Positioning the jack
When jacking up your vehicle with
the wheels on the opposite side
the jack, position the jack correctly as
or the jack up point if
shown in the illustrations.
necessary.
CAUTION
Make sure to put the jack in a
When jacking, be sure to observe
proper position. Personal
injury or vehicle damage may
the following to reduce the
occur if it is jacked up
possibility of personal injury:
incorrectly.
Avoid inhale the exhaust gas of
Don’t go under the vehicle if
engine. The exhaust gas
it’s upheld only by the jack.
contains colorless and odorless
The vehicle needs to be
monoxide that can cause
underpropped.
Front
deaths.
Do not raise the vehicle with
Do not put any part of your
someone in the vehicle.
body under the vehicle
When raising the vehicle, do
supported by the jack. Personal
not place any objects on top of
injury may occur.
or underneath the jack.
Do not start or run the engine
while your vehicle is supported
NOTICE
by the jack.
Make sure to place the jack
Stop the vehicle on a level firm
correctly, or your vehicle may be
ground, firmly set the parking
damaged.
brake, and put the
Rear
transmission in neutral. Block
165
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
SECTION 7-2 DO-IT-YOURSELF MAINTENANCE
2. Engine and chassis
Checking the engine oil level………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Checking the engine coolant level…………………………………………………………………………………………...
Checking the radiator and condenser………………………………………………………………………………………..
Checking tire inflation pressure……………………………………………………………………………………………..
Checking and replacing the tire……………………………………………………………………………………………..
Interchanging tires…………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
Replacing wheels…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Aluminum wheel precautions………………………………………………………………………………………………..
166
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Checking the engine oil level
3. Reinsert the oil dip rod, and push
level on the oil dip rod.
it in as far as it will go, or the
reading will not be correct.
When the level reaches within the
4. Pull the oil dip rod out and look
correct range, install the filler cap and
at the oil level while placing a rag
tighten it by hand.
at the end.
NOTICE
NOTICE
Do not spill oil onto spare parts.
Be careful not to drop the engine oil
Avoid overfilling, or the engine
on vehicle components.
could be damaged.
Check the oil level on the
With the engine arrives at
If the oil level goes below or slightly
dipstick once again after adding
operating temperature, turn it off
above the low level, fill the engine oil
the oil.
and check the oil level with a
of the same type into the engine.
dipstick.
Remove the oil filler cap and add the
Oil type selection
1. To get a correct reading, the
engine oil in small quantities at a time,
vehicle should be on level ground.
Use the oil approved by BYD AUTO
and check the oil dip rod. We
After turning off the engine, wait
or equivalence according to the
recommend that you use a funnel
a few minutes for the oil to drain
following:
when adding oil.
back into the bottom of the
To confirm the quantity of needed oil,
engine.
please take reference from the
2. Pull the oil dip rod out, hold a rag
interval between the low and high
under the end, and wipe it clean.
167
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Oil grade for gasoline engine:
Predicted temperature range before
ILSAC testify sign
next oil changing
Oil identification sign
SAE 5W-30
-30°C above
If SAE 10 W-30 or higher viscosity
SAE 15W-40
-15°C above
grade is applied in extremely cold day,
There is one (or two) API registration
API grade: SG or above.
the engine would be difficult to start.
symbol on some oil containers which
Dosage: 3 L
Thus, we recommend you to use SAE
are for reference when selecting oil.
5 W-30.
Gear oil grade for transmission
API classified sign can be on any part
75 W-90
Cold area (Northern),
on the outside a container. The upper
winter
part of the sign is oil quality
80 W-90
Cold area (Northern),
demonstrated by API, such as SL.
summers
The middle part refers to SAE and
80 W-90 or 80 W-140 warm area
SUCH AS SAE10W-30. The lower
(Southern), whole year
part refers to “Energy-Conserving”,
Dosage: 2.1 L
denoting the oil is capable of
Recommendatory oil (SAE):
conserving energy.
API classified sign
The ILSAC testify sign is located on
the frontage of a container.
168
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Checking the engine coolant level
cooling system is leaking.
CAUTION
Look at the see-through coolant
To prevent burns, do not remove
reservoir when the engine is cooled.
the radiator cap when the engine is
The coolant level is satisfactory if it
hot.
stays between the “FULL” and
“LOW” lines on the reservoir.
Upon a lower level, add the coolant.
Coolant type selection
For the coolant type, see “Coolant
Only use the coolant approved by
type selection” described below.
BYD AUTO and choose suitable
The coolant level in the reservoir
coolant according to the temperature.
varies with the engine temperature.
Use improper coolant will destroy the
However, if the level goes above or
engine cooling system.
below the “LOW” line, you should
CAUTION
add coolant to bring the level up to
Do not use too much plain water in
the “FULL” line.
winter, because engine cooling
If the coolant level drops within a
system would be damaged in this
short time after replenishing, there
way.
may be a leak in the system. Visually
check the radiator, hoses, radiator cap
and drain cock and water pump.
For details, please contact your BYD
If no leak is found, contact your BYD
AUTO service station.
AUTO service station to test the cap
pressure and check whether the
169
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Checking the radiator and
Checking tire inflation pressure
CAUTION
condenser
Keep your tire inflation pressures
Keep your tires properly inflated.
If any of the above parts are
at a proper level.
Otherwise, the following conditions
extremely dirty or you are not sure of
Refer to Section 8 for the
may occur and cause an accident
their condition, take your vehicle to
recommended cold tire inflation
resulting in serious injuries or
your BUD AUTO service station.
pressures and tire sizes.
deaths.
CAUTION
You should check the tire inflation
Low tire pressure
To prevent burns, be careful not to
pressure every two weeks, or at least
(under-inflation):
touch the radiator or condenser
once a month. And do not forget the
Excessive wear
when the engine is hot.
spare.
Abnormal wear
Incorrect tire inflation pressure may
Poor handling
waste fuel, reduce driving comfort,
Possibility of blowouts from
NOTICE
shorten tire life, and make your
overheated tire
vehicle less safe to drive.
Poor sealing of the tire bead
To prevent damaging the radiator
If a tire frequently needs refilling,
Wheel deformation and/or tire
and condenser, do not perform the
work by yourself.
have it checked by your BYD AUTO
separation
service station.
High tire pressure (over-inflation)
Poor handling
Excessive wear
A greater possibility of tire
damages from road hazards
170
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
The following instructions for
leakage. If the caps have been
wears to 1.6 mm or less, you will see
lost, have new ones put on as
checking tire inflation pressure
the indication mark. If you find the
soon as possible.
should be observed:
indicators in two or more adjacent
The pressure should be
grooves, the tire should be replaced.
Checking and replacing tires
checked only when the tires are
The thinner the tread is, the higher the
cold. If your vehicle has been
risk of skidding is.
parked for at least 3 hours and
If the tire tread is worn to 4 mm or
has not been driven for more than
below, the snow tire function will
1.5 km since, you will get an
be lost.
accurate cold tire inflation
pressure reading.
If you have tire damage such as
Always use a tire pressure
cuts, splits, cracks deep enough to
gauge. The appearance of a tire
expose the fabric, or bulges
can be misleading. Besides, the
indicating internal damage, the tire
tire inflation pressures that are
should be replaced.
even just a few pounds off can
If a tire often goes flat or can not be
degrade riding and handling.
properly repaired due to the size or
Do not exhaust or reduce tire
Checking your tires
location of a cut or other damaged, it
inflation pressure after driving.
Check the tire’s tread for tread
should be replaced. If you are not
It is normal for the tire inflation
wear indicators. If the indicators
sure, consult your BYD AUTO
pressure to be higher after
service station.
show, replace the tires.
driving.
If air loss occurs while driving, do not
The tires on your BYD F3 have
Be sure to reinstall the tire
continue driving. Driving even a short
built-in tread wear indicators to help
valve caps. Without the valve
distance can damage a tire beyond
caps, dirt, or moisture could get
you know when the tires need
repair.
into the valve core and cause air
replacement. When the tread depth
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BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Any tires which are over 6 years
Do not mix radial, bias belted,
An unbalanced wheel may affect
old must be checked by a qualified
or bias-ply tires on your
vehicle handling and tire life. Wheels
technician even if the damage is not
vehicle, as this may cause
can get out of balance with regular
obvious.
dangerous handling
use and should therefore be balanced
Tires deteriorate with age even if they
characteristics resulting in loss
occasionally.
have never or seldom been used.
of control.
Interchanging tires
This applies also to the spare tire and
Do not use tires other than the
tires stored for future use.
manufacture’s recommended
size, as this may cause
Replacing your tires
dangerous handling
When replacing a tire, use a tire of
characteristics resulting in loss
the same size and construction, and
of control.
the same or greater load capacity
Never use second-hand tires on your
as the originally installed one.
BYD F3.
Using any other size or type of tire
Using tires whose previous history is
may seriously affect handling, riding,
unknown is risk.
speedometer/odometer calibration,
BYD AUTO recommends all four
ground clearance, clearance, and the
tires, or at least both the front or both
To equalize tire wear and help
clearance between the body and tires
the rear tires be replaced at a time as a
extend tire life, BYD AUTO
or snow chains.
recommends that you rotate your
set.
CAUTION
tires approximately every 10,000
See “If you have a flat tire” in Section
Observe the following instructions.
km. However, the most appropriate
4 for tire change procedures.
Otherwise, an accident may occur
timing for tire rotation may vary
When a tire is replaced, the wheel
according to your driving habits
resulting in serious injuries or
should always be balanced.
and road surface conditions.
deaths.
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BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
When rotating tires, check for uneven
If wheel covers are used, they will be
wear and damage. Abnormal wear is
scratched by the chain band, so
CAUTION
usually caused by incorrect tire
remove the covers before putting on
Do not exceed 50 km/h or the
pressure, improper wheel alignment,
the chains.
chain manufacturer’s
out-of-balance wheels, or severe
braking.
recommended speed limit,
Anti-skid chain selection
whichever is lower.
Use the tire chains of correct size.
Drive carefully. Avoid bumps,
Regulations regarding the use of
holes, and sharp turns, which
tire chains vary according to
may cause the vehicle to
location or type of road, so always
bounce.
check local regulations before
Avoid sharp turns or
installing chains.
lock-wheel braking as use of
chains may adversely affect
vehicle handling.
Chain installation
When driving with chains
Install the chains on the front tires
installed, be sure to drive
as tightly as possible. Do not use the
carefully. Slow down before
tire chains on the rear tires.
entering curves to avoid losing
Retighten chains after driving
control of the vehicle.
0.5 1.0 km.
Otherwise, an accident may
While installing chains on your tires,
occur.
follow the instructions of the chain
manufacturer carefully.
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BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Replacing wheels
bumper height, vehicle ground
Aluminum wheel precautions
clearance, and the tire or snow chain
When installing aluminum
When to replace your wheels
clearance to the body and chassis.
wheels, check that the wheel nuts
If you have wheel damages such as
Replacement with used wheels is not
are tightened after driving the
bending, cracks, or heavy corrosion,
recommended as they may have been
first 1,600 km.
the wheel should be replaced.
subjected to rough treatment or high
If you have rotated, repaired, or
If you fail to replace a damaged
mileage and could fail without
changed your tires, check
wheel, the tire may slip off the wheel
warning. In addition, bent wheels
whether the wheel nuts are still
or cause loss of control.
which have been straightened may
tight after driving 1600km.
Wheel selection
have structural damage and therefore
When using tire chains, be
When replacing wheels, care should
should not be used. Never use an
careful not to damage the
be taken to ensure that the wheels are
inner tube in a leaking wheel which is
aluminum wheels.
replaced by ones with the same load
designed for a tubeless tire.
Use only BYD AUTO wheel nuts
capacity, diameter, rim width, and
and wrench designed for your
offset.
CAUTION
aluminum wheels.
Correct wheel replacement are
Do not use wheels other than the
When balancing your wheels, use
available at your BYD AUTO service
manufacturer’s recommended size,
only BYD AUTO balance weight
station.
as this may cause dangerous
or the equivalent and a plastic or
A wheel with a different size or type
handling characteristics resulting
rubber hammer.
may adversely affect handling, wheel
in loss of control. Otherwise, an
As with any wheel, periodically
and bearing life, brake cooling,
accident may occur, resulting in
check your aluminum wheels for
speedometer/odometer calibration,
serious injuries or deaths.
damage. If damaged, replace it
stopping ability, headlight aim,
immediately.
174
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
SECTION 7-3 DO-IT-YOURSELF MAINTENANCE
3. Electrical components
Checking battery condition…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Checking and replacing fuses………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Refilling washer fluid
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Replacing light bulbs………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
175
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Checking battery condition
Checking battery exterior
Emergence measures
Precautions
If the electrolyte spills into
CAUTION
eyes, wash eyes at once and
Battery precautions
then go to hospital. On the
The battery produces flammable
way to hospital, if possible,
and explosive hydrogen gas.
wash eyes by sponge or
When using tools, avoid having
clean cloth soaked by plain
battery produce flame.
water.
Do not smoke or light a match
If the electrolyte spills onto
near the battery. Electrolyte
skin, wash this part
contains deleterious and
completely. If it feels pain
Check the battery for corroded or
corrosive vitriol.
or causalgic, go to hospital
loose terminal connections, cracks,
Protect your eyes, skin, or
immediately.
or loose hold-down devices.
clothes from electrolyte.
If the electrolyte spills onto
Do not drink electrolyte by
clothes, take the clothes off
a. If the battery is corroded, wash it
off with a solution of warm water and
mistake.
at once in case it gets to
baking soda. Coat the outside of the
Blinkers are essential when
your skin. If necessary, do
terminals with grease to prevent
working around the battery.
the above measures.
further corrosion.
Keep children away from the
If you drink electrolyte by
battery.
accident, drink much plain
b. If the terminal connections are
water or milk and take milk
loose, tighten their clamp nuts, but do
with magnesia, eggs, or
not over-tighten it.
vegetable oil. Then go to
176
hospital at once.
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
c. Tighten the hold-down clamp only
Check battery interior
audio system and illuminating
enough to keep the battery firmly in
system when the engine is
Check the battery interior
place. Over-tightening may damage
stopped.
according to the instructions and
the battery case.
the indicator light of the battery.
Make sure the doors are closed
NOTICE
and all power consuming
NOTICE
devices, like lights, are turned
Be sure the engine and all
off if you are leaving your
Charging the battery when the
accessories are off before
vehicle.
cable is connected may seriously
maintaining.
damage the electric control unit
When checking the battery,
and electronic devices. Before
remove the ground cable from
connecting the battery to a
CAUTION
the negative terminal first and
charger, disconnect the battery
If the electrolyte is not
reinstall it at last.
cable first.
sufficient, please replace the
battery. Don’t add electrolyte
Be careful not to cause a short
Operating the power consuming
on your own!
circuit with tools.
devices on your vehicle when the
engine is stopped may cause the
Take care that no solution gets
battery to be over-discharged.
into the battery when washing it.
Then, the vehicle may fail to
start and the battery may even be
damaged permanently.
Do not operate the power
consuming devices, like the
177
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
Checking and replacing fuses
Determine which fuse may cause the
problem. The lid of the fuse box
shows the name of the circuit for each
fuse. See Section 8 for the functions
controlled by each circuit.
Type A fuses can be pulled out with a
pull-out-tool. For the location of the
pull out tool, refer to number 19 in
the figure in Section 8.
If you do not ensure whether the fuse
Type C
has blown, try replacing the suspected
Type A
fuse with the one that you know is
good.
If the headlights or other electrical
If the fuse has blown, push a new
components do not work, check the
fuse into the clip.
fuses. If any of the fuses are blown,
Only install a fuse with the amperage
they must be replaced.
rating designated on the fuse box lid.
See the “Fuse locations” part in
If you do not have a spare fuse, you
Section 7-1 for locating the fuses.
can pull out the “DUME” fuse upon
Turn the ignition switch and
an emergency, which may be
inoperative component off. Pull the
dispensable for normal driving, and
suspected fuse straight out and
use it if its amperage rating is the
Type B
check it.
same.
178
BYD AUTO
F3 OWNER’S MANUAL
If you can not use one of the same
Refilling washer fluid
amperage, use one that is lower but as
close to the rating as possible. If the
amperage is lower than the specified,
the fuse might blow out again but this
does not indicate anything wrong. Be
sure to get the correct fuse as soon as
possible and return the substitute to
its original clip.
It is a good idea to purchase a set of
spare fuses and keep them in your
vehicle for emergencies.
Before adding washer fluid
Pull out the washer fluid funnel
If the new fuse immediately blows
If any washer does not work, the
out, there is a problem with the
and hang it on the hood support
washer tank may be empty. Check
electrical system. Have your BYD
rod holder.
whether the washer fluid level stays
AUTO service station correct it as
You may use plain water as washer
above the level gauge. If the washer
soon as possible.
fluid. However, in cold areas where
fluid level goes below “LOW”, add
the temperatures range goes below
CAUTION
washer fluid.
the freezing point, use washing fluid
containing antifreeze. This type of
Never use a fuse with a higher
product is sold in BYD AUTO
amperage rating, or any other
service station and many auto spare
objects to replace the fuse. This
part stores. For the commixture
may cause extensive damage and
proportion with plain water, refer to
possibly a fire.
the manufacturer introduction.
179

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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